Citizen participation


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Citizen participation

  1. 1. Citizen Participation in Government Autocratic, Oligarchic, & Democratic Unit 12 Notes
  2. 2. Citizen Participation <ul><li>In each country, the people have different rights to participate in the government. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In some countries, any citizen can run for office or vote in elections. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In other countries, there are restrictions placed on who can run for office and who can vote. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are also countries where no citizen can vote and there are no elections. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Autocratic Governments <ul><li>have a single ruler with unlimited power </li></ul><ul><li>people have no ability to participate in the selection of the ruler or in the creation of laws </li></ul><ul><li>one benefit -- decisions for a country can be made quickly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>however, the needs of the people may be ignored or unheard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>leader may make poor or selfish decisions that hurt the people </li></ul>
  4. 4. Autocracies of the World
  5. 5. Oligarchic Governments <ul><li>“ rule by the few” </li></ul><ul><li>country is ruled by a small group of people </li></ul><ul><li>an advantage is that decisions can be made relatively quickly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>compared to an autocratic system, oligarchies have more heads to think through problems and should make better choices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>however, the people do not have a voice… </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Democratic Governments <ul><li>This type of government puts the power of the government in the hands of the citizens of the country. </li></ul><ul><li>All citizens have the opportunity to be a leader, and all citizens have the opportunity to vote for leaders and laws. </li></ul><ul><li>All citizens are involved in the decision-making process of the government, and all groups are represented. </li></ul><ul><li>It can be slow to make decisions because all people must discuss & vote on the issues. </li></ul>
  7. 7. This is a “ Polity Data Series Map.” It tries to measure a country’s true democracy in government. It gives scores of -10 to +10. The countries in the lightest pink have the highest democracy score, the darker the color, the lower the democracy score.
  8. 8. Democratic Governments <ul><li>There are two predominate forms of democratic governments: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parliamentary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presidential </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Both are designed to represent and protect the rights of the people. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Parliamentary Democracy <ul><li>Citizens elect members of parliament called MPs. </li></ul><ul><li>MPs choose a leader from among themselves called the prime minister. </li></ul><ul><li>The prime minister is the chief executive. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>heads the military, enforces laws, and keeps the country running day to day </li></ul></ul><ul><li>prime minister leads the lawmaking body -- parliament </li></ul>
  10. 10. Parliamentary Democracy <ul><li>MPs are elected to serve for a certain amount of time, but parliament can be dissolved and elections held again if the prime minister feels the government is not working well. </li></ul><ul><li>MPs can vote for a new prime minister in an election. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Parliamentary Democracy <ul><li>The country may have a king or queen with little ruling power or a president who serves as the head of state. </li></ul><ul><li>In a parliamentary system, the head of state is the symbolic leader of the country, but has little political power. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Australia, Canada, & the UK </li></ul>
  12. 12. Presidential Democracy <ul><li>The citizens elect the members of the legislature and the chief executive. </li></ul><ul><li>The president serves as the head of state, runs the government, and heads the military. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The president does not make the laws--the legislature does this. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The president serves for a fixed amount of time, then new elections are held. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: US, Mexico, & most South American countries </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Government power increases Government power decreases Citizen power increases Citizen power decreases Autocratic Oligarchic Democratic
  14. 14. Australia’s Democracy <ul><li>an elected government runs the country </li></ul><ul><li>citizens over 18 may vote in an election every 4 years </li></ul><ul><ul><li>failure to vote can result in a fine and a hearing in court </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Australia’s Democracy <ul><li>voters elected members of parliament (MPs) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MPs represent the people’s interest in making laws </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MPs choose a prime minister to lead the country </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>prime minister is the most powerful person in government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>prime minister recommends a governor-general to the Queen (UK) </li></ul><ul><li>queen chooses a governor-general to perform duties as head of state and to represent her in Australia </li></ul>