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Citizen participation

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  • 1. Citizen Participation in Government Autocratic, Oligarchic, & Democratic Unit 12 Notes
  • 2. Citizen Participation
    • In each country, the people have different rights to participate in the government.
      • In some countries, any citizen can run for office or vote in elections.
      • In other countries, there are restrictions placed on who can run for office and who can vote.
      • There are also countries where no citizen can vote and there are no elections.
  • 3. Autocratic Governments
    • have a single ruler with unlimited power
    • people have no ability to participate in the selection of the ruler or in the creation of laws
    • one benefit -- decisions for a country can be made quickly
      • however, the needs of the people may be ignored or unheard
    • leader may make poor or selfish decisions that hurt the people
  • 4. Autocracies of the World
  • 5. Oligarchic Governments
    • “ rule by the few”
    • country is ruled by a small group of people
    • an advantage is that decisions can be made relatively quickly
      • compared to an autocratic system, oligarchies have more heads to think through problems and should make better choices
      • however, the people do not have a voice…
  • 6. Democratic Governments
    • This type of government puts the power of the government in the hands of the citizens of the country.
    • All citizens have the opportunity to be a leader, and all citizens have the opportunity to vote for leaders and laws.
    • All citizens are involved in the decision-making process of the government, and all groups are represented.
    • It can be slow to make decisions because all people must discuss & vote on the issues.
  • 7. This is a “ Polity Data Series Map.” It tries to measure a country’s true democracy in government. It gives scores of -10 to +10. The countries in the lightest pink have the highest democracy score, the darker the color, the lower the democracy score.
  • 8. Democratic Governments
    • There are two predominate forms of democratic governments:
      • Parliamentary
      • Presidential
    • Both are designed to represent and protect the rights of the people.
  • 9. Parliamentary Democracy
    • Citizens elect members of parliament called MPs.
    • MPs choose a leader from among themselves called the prime minister.
    • The prime minister is the chief executive.
      • heads the military, enforces laws, and keeps the country running day to day
    • prime minister leads the lawmaking body -- parliament
  • 10. Parliamentary Democracy
    • MPs are elected to serve for a certain amount of time, but parliament can be dissolved and elections held again if the prime minister feels the government is not working well.
    • MPs can vote for a new prime minister in an election.
  • 11. Parliamentary Democracy
    • The country may have a king or queen with little ruling power or a president who serves as the head of state.
    • In a parliamentary system, the head of state is the symbolic leader of the country, but has little political power.
    • Examples: Australia, Canada, & the UK
  • 12. Presidential Democracy
    • The citizens elect the members of the legislature and the chief executive.
    • The president serves as the head of state, runs the government, and heads the military.
      • The president does not make the laws--the legislature does this.
    • The president serves for a fixed amount of time, then new elections are held.
      • Examples: US, Mexico, & most South American countries
  • 13. Government power increases Government power decreases Citizen power increases Citizen power decreases Autocratic Oligarchic Democratic
  • 14. Australia’s Democracy
    • an elected government runs the country
    • citizens over 18 may vote in an election every 4 years
      • failure to vote can result in a fine and a hearing in court
  • 15. Australia’s Democracy
    • voters elected members of parliament (MPs)
      • MPs represent the people’s interest in making laws
    • MPs choose a prime minister to lead the country
        • prime minister is the most powerful person in government
    • prime minister recommends a governor-general to the Queen (UK)
    • queen chooses a governor-general to perform duties as head of state and to represent her in Australia