1. An ancient form of relief sculpture in which a design ispressed into a sheet of metal to create a 3-dimensionalsurface.Literal meaning in French, "to push up".
2. •Has been used since early times•Materials include gold, silver, copper, tin, and bronze•Ancient Greeks worked in bronze to decorate armor•Byzantine artists represented religious events and persons in bronze andgold•Used in India to create water vessels•Native Americans used this method to create ritual costumes and burialitems•Mexican and South American artists have used copper and tin forcenturies to produce jewelry and ornamental items.
3. Metal working procedures weredeveloped in ancient times, and thesereplaced the natural materials usedby Prehistoric people (such as bone,wood, seeds, stones, shells and hair).Metal can be extended or shaped byhammering and repoussé is atechnique where lines and shapes arepressed into one side of a thin sheetof metal using modeling tools, thenflipped over and the shapes arereinforced on the other side.
4. The Statue of Liberty is the most famous andrecognizable example of repoussé. The statue is madeof a thin sheet of pure copper, hung on a framework ofsteel. The internal structure was designed by GustaveEifel (as in the EifelTower). The choice of copper forthe statues outer construction was made by EugineViollet-le-Duc and he developed the repoussétechnique where the malleable metal is hammered onthe reverse side.
5. Another example of repoussé isthe mummy mask ofTutankhamun. The majority ofthe mask was formed using thetechnique of repoussé from whatappears to be a single sheet ofgold.The lapis lazuli and otherstones were inlaid in chasedareas after the height of theform was completed.
6. You will be using a matte-blackaluminum foil sheet and softcolored pencils to create a designusing the repoussé technique. Youwill draw on the front and the backo f the piece to create differentlevels of embossing. Thecompleted composition resemblesstained glass.