Understanding by Design Highlights of the Work of Grant Wiggins and Jay McTighe
Understanding by DesignUbD is a way of thinking more carefully aboutdesign, it is not a program.Teach for understanding“Backward Design” Clarify results and evidence of them before designing lessons.
Understanding by DesignRemove “covering the material”Remove activities for the sake of activities.The work is focused on questions and bigideas, related to the Standards.
3 Stages of “Backward” Design1. Desired results2. Assessment evidence l y t he n Then and on3. Plan learning experiences & instruction.
Stage 1 Desired resultsFour components1. Content standards (TEKS)2. Understandings What are the big ideas? What specific understandings about them are desired? What misunderstandings are predictable? Key: Focus on Big Ideas!
Stage 1 Desired resultsFour components3. Essential questions What provocative questions will foster inquiry, understanding, and transfer of learning?4. Knowledge and skills / transfer goal What key knowledge and skills will students acquire? What should students be able to do as a result of this unit?
Stage 2 - Assessment Evidence What are key complex performance tasks indicative of understanding? What other evidence will be collected to build the case for understanding, knowledge, and skill. How will students self-assess?
Stage 2 is the essence ofbackward design & alignment “Measure what we value; value and act on what we measure.” Link assessment types to curricular priorities
Stage 3-Plan learningexperience and instruction A focus on engaging and effective learning, “designed in” What learning experiences and instruction will promote the desired understanding, knowledge and skill? How will you best promote the deepening of insight and interest? How will you prepare students for the performance(s)?
Organize by W.H.E.R.E. W = Where are we headed? and why? (from the student’s perspective) H = How will the student be ‘hooked’? E = What opportunities will there be to be equipped and explore key ideas. R = How will we provide opportunities to rethink, rehearse, refine and revise? E = How will students evaluate (so as to improve) their own performance?