Basics of Classification

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Basics of Classification: Using the DDC 21 for Your Library

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  • Slides ini hanya sebagai pembanding saja antara teori asli dari buku DDC 21 dengan slides yang sudah pernah saya buat kemarin
  • Taken from Vol.I of 4 DDC 21 , OCLC 1996
  • Beri contoh ttg sebuah subjek yang berkaitan dengan banyak disiplin ilmu: clothing,…apalagi donk….
  • Main class 000 is the most general class, and is used for works not limited to any one specific discipline, e.g. encyclopedias, newspapers, general periodicals.
  • Please see next slide for details
  • Basics of Classification

    1. 1. Using the DDC for Your Library Anggi Hafiz Al Hakam Singapore School – Kelapa Gading Mitchell, Joan S.(ed)(et.al). 1996. Dewey Decimal Classification and Relative Index, Edition 21 . New York: OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.
    2. 2. What It Is and What It Does <ul><li>Provides a system for organizing knowledge represented in any form e.g., books, documents, electronic records. </li></ul><ul><li>Notation is the system of symbols used to represent the classes in a classification system. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a unique identifying code that is used as an “address” on the shelf </li></ul><ul><li>A tag for library recordkeeping in circulation and inventory control. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Conceptual Framework <ul><li>Basic classes are organized by disciplines or fields of study – The parts of the classification are arranged by discipline , not by subject . </li></ul><ul><li>As consequence, no single place for a given subject. A subject may appear in any discipline. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Notation <ul><li>DDC is divided into ten main classes which together cover the entire world of knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>These classes into ten divisions and each divisions into ten sections </li></ul>
    5. 5. Notation (continued) <ul><li>000 Generalities ( Class ) </li></ul><ul><li>010 Bibliography ( Division ) </li></ul><ul><li>100 Philosophy, paranormal phenomena, psychology </li></ul><ul><li>150 Psychology </li></ul><ul><li> 158 Applied Psychology ( Section ) </li></ul><ul><li>200 Religion </li></ul><ul><li>300 Social Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>400 Language </li></ul><ul><li>500 Natural Sciences and mathematics </li></ul><ul><li>600 Technology (Applied Sciences) </li></ul><ul><li>700 The Arts Fine and decorative arts </li></ul><ul><li>800 Literature and rhetoric </li></ul><ul><li>900 Geography, history, and auxiliary disciplines </li></ul>
    6. 6. Principle of Hierarchy <ul><li>Hierarchy in the DDC is expressed through structure and notation </li></ul><ul><li>Structural hierarchy means that all topics (aside from the ten main classes) are subordinate to and part of all the broader topics above it </li></ul><ul><li>Notational hierarchy is expressed by length of notation </li></ul>
    7. 7. Classifying with the DDC <ul><li>Requires determination of the subject, the disciplinary focus, and if applicable, the approach or form </li></ul>
    8. 8. Determining the Subject of a Work <ul><li>The title is often a clue t the subject, but never be the sole source of analysis </li></ul><ul><li>The table of contents may list the main topics discussed </li></ul><ul><li>The preface or introduction usually states the author’s purpose </li></ul><ul><li>If a foreword is provided, it often indicates the subject of the work and suggests the place of the work in the development of thought on the subject </li></ul>
    9. 9. Determining the Subject…(2) <ul><li>A Scan of the text itself may provide further guidance or confirm preliminary subject analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliographical references and index entries are sources of subject information </li></ul><ul><li>Cataloging copy from centralized cataloging services is often helpful by providing subject headings, classification numbers, and notes </li></ul><ul><li>Occasionally, consultation of outside sources such as reviews, reference works and subject experts may be required to determine the subject of the work </li></ul>

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