History Chapter 9 Progressivism
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History Chapter 9 Progressivism



Outline of Progressivism with images

Outline of Progressivism with images



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    History Chapter 9 Progressivism History Chapter 9 Progressivism Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 9 Progressivism Takes Hold
    • Section 1 – Theodore Roosevelt and the Modern Presidency
      • I. Early Political Career
      • - Harvard Graduate/Cattle Rancher
      • -Military Hero/Governor of NY 1898
      • II. Roosevelt & McKinley
      • - McKinley assassinated – Roosevelt was VP but becomes President
      • -“Bully Pulpit” – strong language but moderate action
      • -1 st modern President – weakened Congress
      • III. Managing Natural Resources
      • - Conservation
      • -Newlands Reclamation Act – federal funds paid for irrigation in the west
      • -Resource Management – US Forest Service (Gifford Pinchot) regulated lumbering
    • 9-1 (continued)
      • IV. Supervising Big Business
      • -Sherman Antitrust Act – unsuccessful because of holding companies
      • - “Trustbuster” filed suit against Northern Securities Company
      • -Railroads retained most of the control
      • -1902 UMW strikers won shorter workday and better wages but lost union recognition
      • -Roosevelt set a precedent of being involved in labor disputes
      • -”Square Deal” – campaign slogan for 1904
      • -Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act – protects consumers
    • 9-1 (continued)
      • V. Going Beyond Roosevelt
      • -Roosevelt supported his successor W.H. Taft in 1906
      • -Taft supported Progressivism
      • -Prosecuted twice as many trusts as Roosevelt
      • -Expanded national forests
      • -Supported miner safety laws
      • -Established Children’s Bureau
      • -Public underestimated Taft and encouraged Roosevelt to run again
    • Section 2 – Woodrow Wilson and the New Freedom
      • I. Wilson’s Rise to Power
      • -strong moral beliefs, overcame learning disability, President of Princeton University
      • -Governor of NJ, began destroying the political machine that brought him to power
      • -Supported Progressivism
      • -revamped election laws
      • -established utility regulatory boards
      • -allowed commissioner government
    • 9-2 con’t.
      • II. The Election of 1912
      • -Democrats elected Woodrow Wilson
      • -Republicans were split but nominated William Taft
      • -Progressive Republicans did not like that, so they voted for Theodore Roosevelt who created the “Bull Moose” Party
      • -Also Eugene Debs – Socialist candidate
      • -2 way race – Wilson vs. Roosevelt – they disagreed on trusts
      • -Roosevelt – New Nationalism – regulate trusts
      • -Wilson – New Freedom – destroy trusts
      • -Wilson Wins! (Republican vote is split with Bull Moose /Progressive votes)
    • 9-2 con’t.
      • III. The New Freedom in Operation
      • -Attacked tariffs – taxes that protected business interests but increased consumer prices
      • -Underwood Tariff – 1913 – cut all tariffs nearly in half
      • -Wilson’s 2 nd initiative – Federal Reserve System to protect banking
      • -Against trusts and unfair business – passed the Clayton Antitrust Act and established the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) to regulate trade
      • -Also supported Workers’ Compensation and Child Labor laws
    • 9-3 – Limits to Progressivism
      • African Americans and Equality
      • -Jim Crow laws legalized segregation
      • - Plessy v. Ferguson upheld “separate but equal” doctrine
      • -Booker T. Washington – said accommodation was the answer
      • -W.E.B. DuBois demanded equality
    • 9-3 con’t.
      • II. Immigrants and the Melting Pot
      • -Progressives valued “Americanizing” over diversity
      • -Nativism – prefers native-born to foreign-born
      • -Eugenics – science proves some groups to be inferior
      • -Restrictions began- 1882 on Chinese – 1907 “Gentleman’s Agreement” with Japan – and 1917 literacy test requirements
    • 9-3 con’t.
      • III. Workers and Radicals
      • -Progressives agreed on issues but disliked radical leaders of labor unions
      • -Jane Addams was a strong advocate for the unions
      • -American Federation of Labor distrusted the government who often sided with big business – gov’t. saw strikes as a restraint to trade
      • - Progressives said the problem was the factory owners and the solution was laws to regulate them
      • -Socialists said the problem was the system of capitalism and the solution was public ownership
      • -IWW (Wobblies) were radicals who confronted owners directly