History Chapter 9 Progressivism

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Outline of Progressivism with images

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History Chapter 9 Progressivism

  1. 1. Chapter 9 Progressivism Takes Hold
  2. 2. Section 1 – Theodore Roosevelt and the Modern Presidency <ul><li>I. Early Political Career </li></ul><ul><li>- Harvard Graduate/Cattle Rancher </li></ul><ul><li>-Military Hero/Governor of NY 1898 </li></ul><ul><li>II. Roosevelt & McKinley </li></ul><ul><li>- McKinley assassinated – Roosevelt was VP but becomes President </li></ul><ul><li>-“Bully Pulpit” – strong language but moderate action </li></ul><ul><li>-1 st modern President – weakened Congress </li></ul><ul><li>III. Managing Natural Resources </li></ul><ul><li>- Conservation </li></ul><ul><li>-Newlands Reclamation Act – federal funds paid for irrigation in the west </li></ul><ul><li>-Resource Management – US Forest Service (Gifford Pinchot) regulated lumbering </li></ul>
  3. 3. 9-1 (continued) <ul><li>IV. Supervising Big Business </li></ul><ul><li>-Sherman Antitrust Act – unsuccessful because of holding companies </li></ul><ul><li>- “Trustbuster” filed suit against Northern Securities Company </li></ul><ul><li>-Railroads retained most of the control </li></ul><ul><li>-1902 UMW strikers won shorter workday and better wages but lost union recognition </li></ul><ul><li>-Roosevelt set a precedent of being involved in labor disputes </li></ul><ul><li>-”Square Deal” – campaign slogan for 1904 </li></ul><ul><li>-Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act – protects consumers </li></ul>
  4. 4. 9-1 (continued) <ul><li>V. Going Beyond Roosevelt </li></ul><ul><li>-Roosevelt supported his successor W.H. Taft in 1906 </li></ul><ul><li>-Taft supported Progressivism </li></ul><ul><li>-Prosecuted twice as many trusts as Roosevelt </li></ul><ul><li>-Expanded national forests </li></ul><ul><li>-Supported miner safety laws </li></ul><ul><li>-Established Children’s Bureau </li></ul><ul><li>-Public underestimated Taft and encouraged Roosevelt to run again </li></ul>
  5. 5. Section 2 – Woodrow Wilson and the New Freedom <ul><li>I. Wilson’s Rise to Power </li></ul><ul><li>-strong moral beliefs, overcame learning disability, President of Princeton University </li></ul><ul><li>-Governor of NJ, began destroying the political machine that brought him to power </li></ul><ul><li>-Supported Progressivism </li></ul><ul><li>-revamped election laws </li></ul><ul><li>-established utility regulatory boards </li></ul><ul><li>-allowed commissioner government </li></ul>
  6. 6. 9-2 con’t. <ul><li>II. The Election of 1912 </li></ul><ul><li>-Democrats elected Woodrow Wilson </li></ul><ul><li>-Republicans were split but nominated William Taft </li></ul><ul><li>-Progressive Republicans did not like that, so they voted for Theodore Roosevelt who created the “Bull Moose” Party </li></ul><ul><li>-Also Eugene Debs – Socialist candidate </li></ul><ul><li>-2 way race – Wilson vs. Roosevelt – they disagreed on trusts </li></ul><ul><li>-Roosevelt – New Nationalism – regulate trusts </li></ul><ul><li>-Wilson – New Freedom – destroy trusts </li></ul><ul><li>-Wilson Wins! (Republican vote is split with Bull Moose /Progressive votes) </li></ul>
  7. 7. 9-2 con’t. <ul><li>III. The New Freedom in Operation </li></ul><ul><li>-Attacked tariffs – taxes that protected business interests but increased consumer prices </li></ul><ul><li>-Underwood Tariff – 1913 – cut all tariffs nearly in half </li></ul><ul><li>-Wilson’s 2 nd initiative – Federal Reserve System to protect banking </li></ul><ul><li>-Against trusts and unfair business – passed the Clayton Antitrust Act and established the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) to regulate trade </li></ul><ul><li>-Also supported Workers’ Compensation and Child Labor laws </li></ul>
  8. 8. 9-3 – Limits to Progressivism <ul><li>African Americans and Equality </li></ul><ul><li>-Jim Crow laws legalized segregation </li></ul><ul><li>- Plessy v. Ferguson upheld “separate but equal” doctrine </li></ul><ul><li>-Booker T. Washington – said accommodation was the answer </li></ul><ul><li>-W.E.B. DuBois demanded equality </li></ul>
  9. 9. 9-3 con’t. <ul><li>II. Immigrants and the Melting Pot </li></ul><ul><li>-Progressives valued “Americanizing” over diversity </li></ul><ul><li>-Nativism – prefers native-born to foreign-born </li></ul><ul><li>-Eugenics – science proves some groups to be inferior </li></ul><ul><li>-Restrictions began- 1882 on Chinese – 1907 “Gentleman’s Agreement” with Japan – and 1917 literacy test requirements </li></ul>
  10. 10. 9-3 con’t. <ul><li>III. Workers and Radicals </li></ul><ul><li>-Progressives agreed on issues but disliked radical leaders of labor unions </li></ul><ul><li>-Jane Addams was a strong advocate for the unions </li></ul><ul><li>-American Federation of Labor distrusted the government who often sided with big business – gov’t. saw strikes as a restraint to trade </li></ul><ul><li>- Progressives said the problem was the factory owners and the solution was laws to regulate them </li></ul><ul><li>-Socialists said the problem was the system of capitalism and the solution was public ownership </li></ul><ul><li>-IWW (Wobblies) were radicals who confronted owners directly </li></ul>

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