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Past Simple

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  • 1. WHEN DO YOU USE THE SIMPLE PAST?1.To talk about actions that happened at a specific timein the past. You say when it happened using a timeexpression. (yesterday, last month...)2. It can be used to describe events that happened overa period of time in the past but not now3. It is also used to talk about habitual or repeatedactions that took place in the past:
  • 2. PAST SIMPLEIt is formed with the following structure: SUBJECT + VERB (PAST SIMPLE) + COMPLEMENT SHE STUDIED HARD YESTERDAY YOU WROTE A LOVE LETTER LAST WEEK HE READ A MAGAZINE 1 MONTH AGO
  • 3. PAST SIMPLE (NEGATIVE FORM)This structure includes the auxiliary “didn’t” STRUCTURE SUBJECT + AUX. “DIDN’T” +VERB ( INFINITIVE) + COMPLEMENT THEY DIDN’T GO TO CLASS YESTERDAY HE DIDN’T WRITE A LOVE LETTER WE DIDN’T BREAK THE WINDOW
  • 4. PAST SIMPLE (INTERROGATIVE FORM) yes / no questions) This form includes de auxiliary “DID” STRUCTUREAUX. “DID” + SUBJECT + VERB (INFINITIVE) + COMPLEMENT Did you speak a lot last week? Did she write a book yesterday? Did they talk about their homework?
  • 5. PAST SIMPLE (INTERROGATIVE FORM) SHORT ANSWERSThese are called short answers because you answer with “YES” or “NOT” Examples:Did you speak a lot last week? YES, I did NO, I didn’tDid she write a book yesterday? YES, She did NO, She didn’t.
  • 6. QUESTION WORDS AUX. “DID” + SUBJECT + VERB (INFINITIVE) ? Did you speak Did she write Did they talk
  • 7. PAST EXPRESSIONS These are some words and expressions that usually appear with a verb in the Past Simple. Last ……….. ……..ago Yesterday In 1986
  • 8. VERB ‘TO BE’
  • 9. REGULAR VERBSwe add -ed to the infinitive form of the verb. I work ed hard. She walk ed in the park. They laugh ed at the joke.
  • 10. SPELLING RULES To avoid spelling mistakes we must remember three rules: After consonat+vowel+consonant we double the last consonant when the syllable is stressed. Stop Stopped Clap Clapped Plan Planned
  • 11. SPELLING RULES When the verb ends in –e, we drop the –e and add the sufix. Move Moved Rule Ruled Live Lived Love Loved
  • 12. SPELLING RULES When the verb ends in consonant+y we drop the “y” and write “i+ed”. Cry Cried Try Tried Carry Carried
  • 13. PRONOUNCIATIONRULES We pronounce /d/ after vowel or voiced sound (b, g, l, m, n, r, v, z). Play Played /d/ Beg Begged /d/ Live Lived /d/ Pull Pulled /d/
  • 14. PRONOUNCIATION RULES We pronounce /t/ after voiceless sound: /p/ /k/ /ch/ /s/ /sh/ /ch/ Work Worked /t/ Stop Stopped /t/ Pass Passed /t/ Push Pushed /t/ Watch Watched /t/
  • 15. PRONOUNCIATIONRULES We pronounce /id/ after the sounds /t/ and /d/. Start Started /id/ End Ended /id/
  • 16. IRREGULAR VERBSThere are no rules.Each irregular verb has its own past simple, andthese can only be learnt by heart. eat ATE go WENT see SAW leave LEFT