Waste to energy


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Waste to energy

  1. 1. Innovative Industrial Equipments Pvt. Ltd.ERT1© Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd.[ Energy Recovery Technology ]
  2. 2. Introduction2 © Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd. Company Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd. Presenters name Ravi Nafde Sector Safe Disposal of Waste / Safe conversion ofWaste into Hydrocarbons [BMW, MSW ] etc.. Contact coordinateso Mobile No +91 98233 93755o Land No +91 712 2558318, 712 2550277o Email ID <iienagpur@gmail.com> <ravinafde@gmail.com>o Address 502, 5th Floor Gotmare Market,West high Court Road,Dharampeth,Nagpur – 4400101/3
  3. 3. 3 © Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd. The Company was registered in the year 2007 to provide the innovative solutionto safely dispose waste and recover energy form waste during the process ofdisposal. The Company have researched, developed and designed plant and equipmentfor safe disposal/conversion of waste [BMW, MSW, Food Waste, SlaughterHouse & Plastics etc] for last 15 years, acquired the clearance from the CentralPollution Control Board and State Pollution Control Boards from three States. The Plant and equipment designs have been indigenously designed for domesticuse for segregated / un-segregated waste disposal at the source of generation.Introduction 2/3
  4. 4. 4 © Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd. Disposal/conversion of the waste at source eliminates the issues and problemsof handling of the colossal waste generated and handled collectively. The problems and issues with the current systems of land filling and incinerationare overcome by ERT [Energy Recovery Technology].Introduction 3/3
  5. 5. 5 © Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd. The current technologies for the waste disposal like landfill / incineration / compostingare not full proof and sound to resolve the environmental issues in a cost effective way. In fact these technologies are cost centers and financial burdens on the administration. The solutions offered to this waste disposal in the developed countries are financiallyand technically not viable due to high cost, requirement of land, handling of waste forsegregation etc.. The quantity of waste generation in Metros is close to 1000 MT/day and growing, othercities are also in the race of generation of waste beyond the handling capacity of theadministration.Problem / Opportunity / Need 1/1
  6. 6. 6 © Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd. The current technologies are unscientific systems developed as stop gap arrangementsto cope up with the issue of waste and the nuances of the waste like decay / odor /stray animals.o The waste generated form hospital [BMW] is infectious in nature and have someanatomical waste requiring instant and immediate disposal.o Waste collected by municipal corporations is in hundreds of tons and forms theground for insect breeding, spreading epidemic, etc.o Food Waste generated form the eateries, industries, campuses and foodprocessing industry forms the breeding ground for stray animals feeding on therotten food.o Slaughter House and dead animal waste though generated in small quantity ascompared to the other waste generates a strong odor and spreads air borndeceased.Problem / Opportunity/ Need 2/2
  7. 7. 7 © Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd. The Waste is defined as Waste(s) also known as rubbish, trash, refuse, garbage, junk and litteris a pejorative term for unwanted materials. The term can be described as subjective and inaccurate because waste to one person is notwaste to another. The waste as process feed material have all the ingredients with low utility, hence recycling isthe only proper way-out till dateo but this also leaves huge quantity of waste un-recycled requiring immediate disposalmeasures.o Manual recycling of the colossal waste generated is physically impossible.o Segregation of waste manually is in-human and unhygienic.o The natural decay of the waste is an uncontrolled process and without quantitative andqualitative results.Solution 1/3
  8. 8. 8 © Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd. The Solution to the common disposal method is based on the scientific principle oforganic chemistry innovatively handled to achieve the desired results in the mostenvironment friendly way. The waste consists of Hydrocarbons which are recovered in the process in a speciallydesigned equipment to handle the waste in the most safe and scientific way. Irrespective of any grade / type / quality the hydrocarbons are recovered in theprocess making it most suitable for the critical waste types such as-o Bio Medical Waste [Infectious]o Municipal Solid waste [Huge quantity and slow degrading]o Slaughter house [High odor and disease spreading]o Waste plastic [a non degradable environment damaging material]Solution 2/3
  9. 9. 9 © Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd. The Waste can be broadly classified in two categories –o Organic [De compostable]o Inorganic [non compostable / non hydrocarbons] The problem of degradable waste is more as it is created all over the habitable areasand in high quantity in some specialized area [Hospitals / Railway stations/ religiousplaces etc.] These hydrocarbons are processed in specially designed equipment tobreakdown in the most economical and environment friendly way to generateHydrocarbons – Liquid & Gases and Carbon black. All the products have good demand in the market and can be conveniently usedfor industrial heating and burning purpose.Solution 3/3
  10. 10. 10 © Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd.Feature-Benefits Table 1/1Landfill Incineration Recycling ERTAirEmission of CH4, CO2;OdoursEmission of SO2, NOx, HCl, HF,NMVOC, CO, CO2, N2O, dioxins,dibenzofurans, heavy metals(Zn,Pb, Cu, As)Emissions of dustOnly burned hydrocarbongasesWaterLeaching of salts, heavymetals, biodegradable andpersistent organics togroundwaterDeposition of hazardoussubstances on surface waterWaste water dischargesNo effluent, noground/surface watercontaminationSoilAccumulation of hazardoussubstances in soilLand filling of slag, fly ash andscrapLand filling of final residuesRequires less area as thewaste is disposedcontinuouslyLandscapeSoil occupancy;Restriction on other landusesVisual intrusion;Restriction on other land usesVisual intrusionNo visual intrusion or soiloccupancyEcosystemContamination andaccumulation of toxicsubstances in the foodchainContamination and accumulationof toxic substances in the foodchainMost eco friendly as percurrent EPA standardsUrbanAreaExposure to hazardoussubstancesExposure to hazardoussubstancesNoiseCan be with in the habitableadobe.
  11. 11. 11 © Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd.Competition and Advantage 1/2 Competitiono First in kind technologyo Patentso No other indigenously made technology availableo Foreign technology available; however the capital costs of thosetechnology are too higho Needs experts for operations and maintenance of the machineso Technology - This is the most important differentiationo No competition with regards the indigenous technologyo Differentiation points with regards to foreign technology
  12. 12. 12 © Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd.Competition and Advantage 2/2Competitive Advantageo STRENGTH 10000 tones of waste plastic available per day in India.No Emissions under the controlled reaction conditions.Emission norms acceptable to CPCB & MPCB.Water is not a process component. It is only a cooling media which canbe optionally replaced by compressed air.The bulk material is converted in the fuel and hence no side effects tothe soil.Totally safe for eco system. No contaminants released to environment.o WEAKNESS The required quantity of waste plastics is not available at one sourcehowever the same needs to be managed with in the estimated timeframe.o OPPORTUNITIES More and more applications of plastics are getting commercialized hencemore plastics shall be available for processing.Possibility of generating 15000MW power from waste plastics.o THREATS Financially strong parties new market entrants may offer the plants atlower cost.
  13. 13. ERT Advantage13 © Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd.The Advantages of deploying the ERT for safe disposal of MSWConventional Technology ERT• The bio-degradable and recyclable content of thewaste need to be separated through a suitableMaterial Recovery Facility [the MRF]• The complete waste excluding the building debrisof large size is processed along with the biodegradable waste.• The separation is undertaken after the totalhydrocarbon waste is converted for the preciousmetals etc.• Technology for Processing of the bio-degradablecontent of the waste.• ERT processes bio-degradable waste andhydrocarbons are recovered leaving the nonhydrocarbon as residue with the carbon black.• Technology for Processing of combustible contentof the waste.• ERT processes combustible waste beingpredominantly mixed hydrocarbons and purehydrocarbons are recovered leaving the nonhydrocarbon as residue solids with the carbonblack or liquids & gases.1/2
  14. 14. ERT Advantage14 © Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd.Conventional Technology ERT• Require Processing Technology for recovering andprocessing recyclable content of the waste.• ERT the recyclable waste is recovered after theprocessing of the waste and the purehydrocarbons are recovered. Thus reducing thevolume of process able content for recovering ofrecyclable waste.• No more than 25% of the waste received should bedisposed on in the Scientific Landfill.• The waste disposable in the Scientific Landfill isless than 25% after the ERT Process.• Plant Life – 5 years Max • Plant Life – 15 years Max2/2
  15. 15. 15 © Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd.Regulatory Issues 1/1Incinerator ERTParticulate Matter 150 NilHydrochloric Acid [Mist] 50.3 – 3.0 % prior toscrubbingBenzene 10 0.3 – 1.2 %Carbon mono-oxide [CO] 1% max NilLead 10% NilFormaldehyde 2Methane 25 8 -20 %Ethane 100 15 – 25 % Pollution Control Norms [EPA 1986]
  16. 16. 16 © Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd.Snap Shots 1/8Feeding Rubber gloves at SGPGI[21st to 23rd October 2010]
  17. 17. 17 © Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd.Snap Shots 2/8Feeding Plastics from BMWs at SGPGI[21st to 23rd October 2010]
  18. 18. 18 © Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd.Snap Shots 3/8Feeding Saline bags from BMWs at SGPGI[21st to 23rd October 2010]
  19. 19. 19 © Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd.Snap Shots 4/8Liquid Hydrocarbon Output at SGPGI[21st to 23rd October 2010]
  20. 20. 20 © Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd.Snap Shots 5/8Demonstration at HILTRON & IREDA[16th to 19th October 2010]
  21. 21. 21 © Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd.Snap Shots 6/8Demonstration at HILTRON & IREDA[16th to 19th October 2010]
  22. 22. 22 © Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd.Snap Shots 7/8Demonstration at HILTRON & IREDA[16th to 19th October 2010]
  23. 23. 23 © Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd.Snap Shots 8/8Demonstration at GSPCB, MNES, Goa[16th to 20th December 2010]
  24. 24. 24 © Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd.Pollution Control Board’sCertificates 1/2
  25. 25. 25 © Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd.Goa Energy Development Board 2/2
  26. 26. 26© Innovative Industrial Equipment Pvt. Ltd.Thank You!!