Bodily Responses to Music
• Used to change a person’s mood.
• Rhythm helps autist children.
• Heart beat and pulse are relaxed when listening
to Classical or Baroque Music.
Music on Memory and Learning
• Activates the left brain while the music
activates the right brain.
• Playing an instrument or singing, causes the
brain to be more capable of processing
• Designed a way to teach
foreign languages in a
fraction of the normal
Neuropsychologist Robert Zattore
• “I can see how rhythm and physical action
would have mutual resonance in the nervous
system. All sound is produced by movement.
When you hear a sound it’s because something
has moved.” The rhythm of song creates a
pattern that the brain can understand and then
organize muscles to join in….
It’s a “social glue.”
What is Brain Gym?
• “Brain Gym® is an educational, movement
based, 'Learning Enhancement' programme
which uses simple movements to integrate the
whole brain, senses and body, preparing the
person with the physical skills they need to learn
effectively. Brain Gym can be used to improve a
wide range of learning, attention and behaviour
1. Stand or sit. Cross the right leg over the left at the
2. Take your right wrist and cross it over the left wrist
and link up the fingers so that the right wrist is on top.
3. Bend the elbows out and gently turn the fingers in
towards the body until they rest on the sternum (breast
bone) in the center of the chest. Stay in this position.
4. Keep the ankles crossed and the wrists crossed and
then breathe evenly in this position for a few minutes.
You will be noticeably calmer after that time.
1. Stand or sit. Put the right hand across the body
to the left knee as you raise it, and then do the
same thing for the left hand on the right knee
just as if you were marching.
2. Just do this either sitting or standing for about
1. Put one hand so that there is as wide a space as
possible between the thumb and index finger.
2. Place your index and thumb into the slight
indentations below the collar bone on each side
of the sternum. Press lightly in a pulsing
3. At the same time put the other hand over the
navel area of the stomach. Gently press on
these points for about 2 minutes.
Structure of a Class
1. Preparatory Stage
2. First Concert: Active Concert
3. Second Concert: Passive Review
Example of a Lesson Plan
• Active Concert: A story
(Read out loud by the teacher)
• Music is also played in the background
• Passive Concert: Students concentrate on
understanding the story .
• Practice: Team work, pair work, individually.
• Summary: Conclusions.
“Speaking from personal experience, I can say that this
works. I took a three hour demonstration class with Dr.
Donald Schuster. See Schuster and Gritton(1986) for a
description of the methodology used. In the three hours we
learned the Russian alphabet, the basic sentence
structures, and 156 words. On the test at the end of the
class I got 98%. During the following week I did not use
Russian and did not even think much about the class; I
was busy with other things. However, a week later
someone reminded me to take a follow up test, actually a
repeat of the same test. This time I got 99.5%. Other
students from the class reported similar results”