Fruit within Reach: Outdoors Learning at School Grounds
Early Years Outdoors Advice Sheet Fruit within reach Many early years settings trained forms are many: easy might consider fruit trees access, ease of netting, pruning, too large for their grounds, thinning and picking.Early Years Outdoors isone of the subscription but there are ways to keep Popular ways of training fruitservices from Learning trees include the cordon, the fruit within reach.through Landscapes, espalier and fan systems.the UK’s national schoolgrounds and early years Firstly, as the mature size of the Cordons (for apples, pears andoutdoor play charity. fruit tree depends not on the plums) variety grown, but on the This is the most common form ofFor more information rootstock used, you can buy a restricting the growth of fruitabout subscriptions, range of varieties which have trees. Trees are planted about 1mcall 01962 845811. been grafted or budded onto a (3ft) apart and are trained at an dwarfing rootstock. Secondly, angle of 45% onto supporting trees can be trained into shapes wires, fence or wall. The tree is which keep the branches low to grown as a single stem by cutting the ground. back all side shoots to encourage fruiting buds. The height to which the tree is grown depends on your Dwarfing rootstocks for mini- reach, although cordons are rarelyThe Early Years treesOutdoors Advice grown above 2 m (6 ft).Line is open Monday toFriday all year round. Fruit trees grown on dwarfing Espaliers (for apples and pears)Contact our specialist rootstocks can be suitable for This is a larger version of theteam for advice on even the smallest garden and canusing, designing or cordon, where the main stem is also be grown in containers onmanaging your space: grown vertically, and side shoots patios or balconies. There is a are trained horizontally in tiers.Tel: range of rootstocks available to Trees are planted 4-5 m (about01962 845811 allow a wide choice of eventual 12-15 ft) apart. Side branches are tree size, form, and rates ofEmail: trained in opposite pairs, firstname.lastname@example.org growth. at approximately 35 cm (15 in) intervals, and the number of tiersWeb: Suitable rootstocks include:www.ltl.org.uk grown will depend on your reach. Apples: Fans M27, very dwarfing - 1.5-2m (5- This method is best for the stone 7ft) fruit - peaches, plums, cherries, M9, dwarfing - 2.4-3m (8-10ft) nectarines, etc. In effect, it is a development of the espalier Pears: method. However, instead of Quince C dwarfing - 2.4-3m (8- growing the branches 10ft) horizontally, branches are trainedLTL accepts no EMH, dwarfing - 2.7-3.3m (9-11ft) - over a number of years - into aresponsibility for the flat fan shape.quality of goods or Plums:services provided by Pixy, semi-dwarfing - 3-3.6m (10-any companies listed. 12ft) All of these restricted forms canThis Advice Sheet offersa selection of contacts be trained by any patientto try – always try your gardener from maiden trees (a Trained forms of treeslocal Yellow Pages or single stem comprising oneThomson Directory, and seasons growth). These maidensan internet search Apples, pears and stone fruit can transplant better than the olderengine such as all be grown in various restrictedwww.google.com as trees, though older (and more forms, trained against a boundarywell. expensive) nursery trained trees wall or fence, or as dividers, can be chosen for quicker results. trained on wires or fencing When the leaves start to fall is a between plots or alongside paths.JM: 10-10 good time to plant. The advantages of specially
Early Years Outdoors Advice Sheet Fruit within reach Full details on all methods of Further information training and pruning fruit trees are readily available from any Apple Day is an annualEarly Years Outdoors isone of the subscription good book on fruit growing. celebration of apple, orchards andservices from Learning local distinctiveness. Initiated bythrough Landscapes, Common Ground in 1990 it hasthe UK’s national school Varieties for training since been celebrated each yeargrounds and early yearsoutdoor play charity. on October 21st with events There are two main groups of around the country, which usually apple and pear varieties: tip include tastings of differentFor more information bearing, where fruit is mainly varieties.about subscriptions,call 01962 845811. borne on the end of shoots, and www.commonground.org.uk spur bearing, where the fruit is There are many good books carried on short ‘spurs close to which covering growing fruit the main stem or branch. When trees, including planting advice training fruit in a restricted way and pruning techniques. tip bearers such as Beauty of Bath, Laxtons Superb and Worcester Pearmain should be Learning through Landscapes isThe Early Years avoided. A semi-dwarfing currently running the LotteryOutdoors Advice rootstock will usually produce the funded Fruit-full SchoolsLine is open Monday to best results. programme, aimed at introducingFriday all year round. heritage apple orchards intoContact our specialistteam for advice on schools and settings. Visitusing, designing or Fertilisation www.fruitfullschools.org.uk formanaging your space: more details. As well as size, you also need toTel:01962 845811 consider the quantity of trees you will need for a good crop. Until Fruit tree suppliers in KentEmail: recently many fruits have email@example.com the province of the largest Keepers NurseryWeb: gardens - not only on account of Gallants Courtwww.ltl.org.uk their size but also because of the East Farleigh need to grow two or three Maidstone varieties to ensure cross- Kent ME15 0LE pollination. Newer varieties have England been introduced which are self- T: 01622726465 fertile, providing fruit even if you F: 01622726465 only have one tree. Stella is an excellent self-fertile variety for fan Victoriana Nursery Gardens trained cherries; Victoria takes a Challock lot of beating for plums and Nr AshfordLTL accepts no Peregrine is a good choice for a Kentresponsibility for thequality of goods or peach on a south-facing wall. TN25 4DGservices provided by T: 01233 740529any companies listed. Apples can’t pollinate themselves F: 01233 740030 or any flowers of the same appleThis Advice Sheet offersa selection of contacts variety. If there are no other Brogdale Horticultural Trustto try – always try your apple trees nearby, you will need Brogdale Roadlocal Yellow Pages or to plant at least two varieties of FavershamThomson Directory, and apple trees together in order to Kentan internet searchengine such as maximise fruit production and ME13 8XZwww.google.com as quality. Make sure that the T: 01795 535286 or 535462well. varieties you choose have F: 01795 531710 overlapping bloom dates, so that both varieties bloom at the sameJM: 10-10 time.