Akamai soti q213_exec_summary


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Akamai soti q213_exec_summary

  1. 1. Volume 6, Number 2 The State of the Internet 2nd Quarter, 2013 executive summary
  2. 2. Executive Summary Akamai’s globally-distributed Intelligent Platform allows us to gather massive amounts of information on many metrics, including connection speeds, attack traffic, network connectivity/availability/latency problems, and IPv6 growth/transition progress, as well as traffic patterns across leading Web sites and digital media providers. Each quarter, Akamai publishes the State of the Internet Report. This quarter’s report includes data gathered from across the Internet and Broadband Adoption Akamai Intelligent Platform in the second quarter of 2013 about In the second quarter, Akamai observed a 2.0% increase attack traffic, broadband adoption, and mobile connectivity, as in the number of unique IPv4 addresses connecting to the well as trends seen in this data over time. In addition, this edition Akamai Intelligent Platform, growing to over 752 million, or of the report includes insight into attacks for which a group approximately 18 million more than were seen in the first known as the Syrian Electronic Army has claimed responsibility, quarter of 2013. Looking at connection speeds, the global the states of IPv4 exhaustion and IPv6 adoption, Internet average connection speed climbed 5.2% to 3.3 Mbps, but the disruptions that occurred during the quarter and observations global average peak connection speed increased just 0.1% to from Akamai partner Ericsson on data and voice traffic growth 18.9 Mbps. At a country level, South Korea had the highest on mobile networks. average connection speed at 13.3 Mbps, while Hong Kong once again remained the region with the highest average peak Security During the second quarter of 2013, Akamai observed attack traffic originating from source IP addresses in 175 unique countries/regions. Note that our methodology captures the source IP address of an observed attack and cannot determine attribution of an attacker. Indonesia grew its share of observed attack traffic, nearly doubling from the first quarter, growing to 38% and pushing China down to second place, with 33% of observed attack traffic. Attack traffic from the United States once again declined, dropping to 6.9%. Attack traffic continued to become more concentrated, with the top 10 ports seeing 82% of observed attacks. Thanks to the increased attack traffic seen from Indonesia, Ports 80 and 443 were the most commonly targeted ports, accounting for 41% of observed attacks combined. Port 445, the perennial top target, fell from first place for the first time since the first quarter of 2008, dropping to 15% of observed attacks. During the second quarter, Akamai’s customers reported being targeted by 318 DDoS attacks, 54% more than the prior quarter. Enterprise customers were the most frequently targeted, connection speed at 65.1 Mbps. Globally, high broadband (>10 Mbps) adoption grew 13% quarter-over-quarter to 14%, and South Korea remained the country with the highest level of high broadband adoption, declining slightly to 45%. Global broadband (>4 Mbps) adoption grew 11% to reach the 50% mark, with Switzerland remaining in the top spot with 90% broadband adoption. Mobile Connectivity In the second quarter of 2013, average connection speeds on surveyed mobile network providers ranged from a high of 9.7 Mbps down to a low of 0.5 Mbps. Average peak connection speeds ranged from 54.9 Mbps down to 2.2 Mbps. Based on traffic data collected by Ericsson, the volume of mobile data traffic almost doubled from the second quarter of 2012 to the second quarter of 2013, and grew 14% between the first and second quarters of 2013, while mobile voice traffic increased 5% from the second quarter of 2012 to the second quarter of 2013. hit by 42% of the reported attacks. In addition, a group known as Analysis of Akamai IO data collected across the second quarter the Syrian Electronic Army claimed responsibility for a number of from a sample of requests to the Akamai Intelligent Platform attacks launched against high-profile news and media sites. indicates that for users of devices on cellular networks, slightly more requests came from Android Webkit-based browsers than from Apple Mobile Safari, with Webkit accounting for 38% of requests, and Safari 34%. However, for users of mobile devices across all networks (not just cellular), Apple Mobile Safari accounted for just over 54% of requests, with Android Webkit approximately half that, at over 27% of requests. © 2013 Akamai Technologies, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  3. 3. What kinds of Web sites/applications are being targeted by DDoS attacks? Public Sector 17 EMEA 37 Media & Entertainment 53 Asia Pacific 79 Commerce 91 High Tech 23 Americas 202 Enterprise 134 Q2 2013 DDoS Attacks by Region Q2 2013 DDoS Attacks by Sector The number of DDoS attacks reported by customers in Asia nearly tripled in the second quarter, while customers in the Americas accounted for nearly two-thirds of all attacks reported to Akamai. The number of attacks targeting customers in the Enterprise sector nearly doubled in the second quarter, with attacks largely concentrated on customers in the Business Services and Financial Services verticals. However, Web sites and applications in all sectors, across all geographic regions, are potential attack targets. Have you taken steps to protect your mission critical Web sites and applications from DDoS attacks? Have you made your Web sites/applications available over IPv6? 200 180 Hits / Second (Thousands) 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 24-Jun 17-Jun 10-Jun 3-Jun 27-May 20-May 13-May 6-May 29-Apr 22-Apr 15-Apr 8-Apr 1-Apr 0 IPv6 Traffic to the Akamai Intelligent Platform, Q2 2013 Peak daily IPv6 request volume on the Akamai Intelligent Platform grew by nearly 40% in the second quarter as an increasing number of both mobile and fixed users around the world gained native IPv6 connectivity. As available IPv4 address space is becoming an increasingly scarce resource across the Internet, making content available over IPv6 is becoming increasingly important. Do you have plans and timelines for IPv6 adoption within your organization? Do you have plans and timelines for making all of your Web-facing content accessible over IPv6, in addition to IPv4? To read the full 2nd Quarter, 2013 State of the Internet Report on broadband adoption, connection speeds, Internet penetration, mobile usage, attack traffic, and more, or to use the associated data visualization tools, go to: www.akamai.com/stateoftheinternet © 2013 Akamai Technologies, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  4. 4. Acknowledgements EDITOR: David Belson CONTRIBUTOR: Michael Smith CONTRIBUTOR: Svante Bergqvist (Ericsson) ART DIRECTOR: Brendan O’Hara CONTRIBUTOR: Martin McKeay CONTRIBUTOR: Mathias Sintorn (Ericsson) GRAPHIC DESIGNER: Jason Thornton CONTRIBUTOR: Martin Levy (Hurricane Electric) CONTRIBUTOR: Jon Thompson CONTRIBUTOR: Geoff Huston (APNIC) Please send comments, questions, and corrections to stateoftheinternet@akamai.com Follow @akamai and @akamai_soti on Akamai® is the leading cloud platform for helping enterprises provide secure, high-performing user experiences on any device, anywhere. At the core of the company’s solutions is the Akamai Intelligent Platform™ providing extensive reach, coupled with unmatched reliability, security, visibility and expertise. Akamai removes the complexities of connecting the increasingly mobile world, supporting 24/7 consumer demand, and enabling enterprises to securely leverage the cloud. To learn more about how Akamai is accelerating the pace of innovation in a hyperconnected world, please visit www.akamai.com and follow @Akamai on Twitter. Asia Pacific Headquarters 1 Raffles Place, #16 – 61 One Raffles Place, Singapore 048616 Tel +65.6593.8700 Fax +65.6593.8799 European Headquarters Pfingstweidstrasse 60, 8005, Zurich, Switzerland Tel + Fax + North American Headquarters 8 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States 02142 Tel +1.617.444.3000 Fax +1.617.444.3001 ©2013 Akamai Technologies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part in any form or medium without express written permission is prohibited. Akamai and the Akamai wave logo are registered trademarks. Other trademarks contained herein are the property of their respective owners. Akamai believes that the information in this publication is accurate as of its publication date; such information is subject to change without notice.