Scotland, by Natalia Frolova
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  • 1.  Scotland is part of the United Kingdom.  It is situated to the north of England.  It is surrounded by the North Sea to the east and by the Irish Sea to the south-west.  The country is made up of 790 islands.
  • 2.  English is the official language.  Scottish Gaelic is spoken in some regions too.  The climate of Scotland is oceanic and tends to be very changeable.  Winters are usually mild.  It can be windy and rainy in the summer. .
  • 3.  The population of Scotland is almost 5 and a half million people.  The two largest cities are Glasgow and Edinburgh.  Other cities include Aberdeen, Dundee and Inverness.
  • 4. The national coat of arms of Scotland Thistle is the national flower.
  • 5.  Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland.  It is the historical centre of the country.  There are many beautiful buildings, famous museums and art galleries.  Edinburgh Castle is a historic fortress and a popular tourist attraction.
  • 6.  Glasgow is the largest city in Scotland.  It is a very important industrial and financial centre.  It is situated on the river Clyde.  There are many impressive modern buildings in Glasgow.
  • 7.  There are many beautiful landscapes in Scotland.  You can see many mountains, lakes and rivers there.  The country is divided into Highlands and Lowlands.
  • 8.  The Loch Ness lake is perhaps the most famous tourist attraction in Scotland.  You can take a boat cruise to look for the legendary “Loch Ness Monster”.
  • 9.  Scotland is famous for its majestic castles.  They were used both as residence and fortress.  Eilean Donan Castle and Balmoral Castle are some examples.
  • 10. Each Scottish clan has its own pattern called tartan. Men and boys wear kilts on formal occasions such as weddings and graduation ceremonies.
  • 11. The Great Highland bagpipe is the traditional musical instrument. It is widely used in the British military and in pipe bands throughout the world.
  • 12. Highland Games are held every year to celebrate Scottish culture and heritage. Various competitions are held in piping and drumming, dancing, and heavy athletics.
  • 13. Where is Scotland situated? What is the official language? What is the climate like? What is the capital of Scotland? Which city is an important industrial and financial centre? What kind of nature can we find there? What is the most popular tourist attraction? Why is it so popular?
  • 14. The population of Scotland is almost 5.5 million people. Edinburgh is the largest city of Scotland. The rose is the national flower. The country is famous for its castles. The Scottish pattern is called tartan. Men and boys wear kilts every day. Highland Games only include dancing competitions.