EVOLUTIONARYPSYCHOLOGY<br />Anapproachtounderstandinghumanbehavior, thinking, and emotion in terms of theiradaptivesignificance in ourevolutionaryhistory.<br />
MainAuthors:<br />Charles Darwin <br />Alfred Wallace<br />Konrad Lorenz (Ethology)<br />William Harrison<br />Edward O. Wilson (Sociobiology)<br />John Tobby & Leda Cosmides<br />
InitialPremise<br />History of Humankind<br />Hunter GathererSociety<br />Post Hunter GathererSociety<br />Invention of Agriculture<br />Thewayhumanslived in ancestral hunter gatherersocietiesisimportanttoconsiderbecausethat particular lifestylecomprises more than 90% of the time humanshaveexistedonEarth. <br />
Key Conceptsin EvolutionaryPsychology<br />INCLUSIVE FITNESS<br />KinSelection<br />SELFISH GENE<br />Evolutionselectsthefittest genes, notthefittestindividuals<br />RECIPROCALALTRUISM<br />Individualsthatgive and receivehelpfromothers are favoredby natural selection<br />EVOLUTIONARYEMERGENCE OF GENES<br />New genes are continuouslygeneratedoverevolutionary times<br />
ExplanationfromtheEvolutionaryPsychologyPerspective<br />“…men contribute more to charity when observed by a member of the opposite sex than by a member of the same sex or no observer. Conversely, female charity donations did not significantly vary across the three observer conditions. Findings support the notion that men’s generosity might have evolved as a mating signal”<br />Iredale, W., Van Vugt, M., & Dunbar, R. (2008)<br />
Evolutionary<br />Educational<br />Psychology<br />EEPseekstounderstandlearning as anevolvedability<br />
David Bjorklund</li></ul>Key Ideas<br /><ul><li>Modularity of theBrain
Human Folk Domains</li></li></ul><li>SomeImplications<br /><ul><li>Itisimportanttoseewhatchildrenhaveanevolutionarypredispositionfor versus whatmodernsocietyexpectsfromchildren.
Thereis a contradiction in thewaythatchildrenlearn and thewaytheyinnatelywanttolearn.
Children are intrinsicallymotivatedtoacquireprimaryknowledgebutnotsecondaryknowledge in schools.</li></li></ul><li>Doubts<br />Example: TheAquaticApe<br />SomeExplanations<br />Dyslexiais a commondisorderbecausepeopledidnotread in the ancestral environment and werenotselectedaccordingtotheabilityfordistinguishingoneletterfromanother.<br />Attention-deficithyperactivitydisorder (ADHD)was beneficial forthesurvival of humans in ancestral environments as theseindividualswould show more alerttofacedangeroussituations (a predator’sappearance, huntingactivities…)<br />
Some more explanations<br />EvolutionaryPsychologistshavealsoattemptedtoexplain:<br />DREAMS<br />BILINGUALISM<br />TOILET TRAINING<br />THEINCESTTABOO<br />Sometheories and ideas of evolutionarypsychology are frequentlymisunderstood.<br />EvolutionaryPshychologyis a recent discipline. Furtherresearchmayprovideveryusefulresults in regardtotheunderstanding of humanpsychology.<br />