Personal Details Father: Jonathan TownleyCrane (Minister in MethodistEpiscopal Church) Mother: Mary Helen PeckCrane Wife: Cora Taylor Youngest of fourteen children Grew up surrounded by writers(parents, two brothers werejournalists) After school, he wrote shortstories for newspapers TheRed Badge of Courage led toinstant fame Died due to multiplehemorrhages at age of 28
Progressive Era (1890-1920) a period of social activismand political reform in theUnited States family was the foundationstone of American society,and the government mustwork to strengthen andenhance the family Prohibition favorable attitude towardurban-industrial society,belief in mankinds ability toimprove the environmentand conditions of life technology use and creationof standard working hours,families had more leisuretime
Naturalism: literary movement taking place from the 1880s to 1940sthat used detailed realism to suggest that social conditions, heredity,and environment had inescapable force in shaping human character Realism: early 20th-century idea in art, music and literature thatshowed through these different types of work, reflections of the timeperiod. Impressionism: influenced by the European Impressionist artmovement, many writers adopted a style that relied on associations. Utilized lots of imagery narrative vividness and sense of immediacy Influenced by Hamlin Garland Style similar to Frank Norris, Jack London, and Theodore DreiserStyle & Technique
Ideas vs. Realities Spiritual crises vs. Fear Extreme isolation from society, community, God,nature Religion War portray humans as helpless or nearly helplessvictims of natural and social forcesMajor Themes
The Red Badge of Courage Most well-known novel Published in 1895 Considered one of thegreatest war novels,although Crane had noexperience in thebattlefield
“The Veteran” Published in 1896 Plot: Veteran Henry Flemingadmits to being afraidduring his first time inbattle, which disappoints hisgrandson. Old Fleming lateron risks his life to saveanimals from a fire on thefarm, which refutes anyideas of cowardice thatreaders may have.
Henry James H.G. Wells Joseph Conrad Ernest HemingwayCrane Influenced…