Fence-sitters are chickens.
Debate is defined as aformal, direct, oral contestin argumentation betweentwo or more teams on adefinite issue on a defini...
VALUES:Leadership Skills, Analysis,Critical Thinking, Open-mindedness, Thinking on One’sFeet, Organization, Listening,Self...
The winner in adebate is the betterspeaker of English.
A good debatermust, to a certainextent, be arrogant.
In a debate, one shouldspeak as loudly and asquickly as he or shecan.
The more content isdelivered, thestronger theargument.
VARIOUS NAMES:Oregon-Oxford Debate Format Cross-Examination Debate     Forensic Debate   ALL THE SAME TYPE OF          DEB...
IMPORTANT FEATURES:•Use of Proof and Evidence•Cross-Examination Part
Members per Team: 4Role of Members: 4 speakersLength of Constructives: 3 minsNumber of Constructives: 3Length of Cross-Ex:...
Prep                  3 minutes1st Aff               3 minutesCross Ex of 1st Aff   1 minute1st Neg               3 minute...
Propositions must goagainst the status quoor what is theprevailingcircumstance.
That students shouldbe allowed to bringcellphones to school
Speaker Roles
Speaker Responsibilities1 st Affirmative Speaker•define the terms of the propositionExample: “cellphones are electronic de...
Speaker Responsibilities1 st Affirmative Speaker•Lays out the policy created by the team/values to be debated on•give an o...
Speaker Responsibilities1 st Affirmative SpeakerExample: I as the first speaker will talk about the feasibility of cellpho...
Speaker Responsibilities1 st Affirmative Speaker•begin to present the affirmative’s caseTHE FIRST SPEAKER SHOULD TAKE THE ...
Speaker Responsibilities1 st Negative Speaker•cross-examine 1st Affirmative•accept or reject the definition•reasons: defin...
Speaker Responsibilities1 st Negative Speaker•Clash: We do not want students to bring cellphones to school. We want to mai...
Speaker ResponsibilitiesCROSS-EXAMINATION•to clarify pointsOn ECA being requiredMr. Speaker, you conceded that clubs promo...
Speaker ResponsibilitiesCROSS-EXAMINATION•directing questionsOn ECA being requiredMr. Speaker, isn’t holistic development ...
Speaker ResponsibilitiesCROSS-EXAMINATION•concluding questionsOn ECA being requiredMr. Speaker, shouldn’t ECA,contributing...
Speaker ResponsibilitiesCROSS-EXAMINATION•Don’t make statements, do ask questions.•Don’t ask irrelevant questions.•Try to ...
Speaker Responsibilities2nd and 3rd Speakers•defend 1st speaker from attack (defense)•rebut previous speaker (offense)•pre...
Speaker ResponsibilitiesRebuttal Speakers•summarize his side   THE REBUTTAL SPEAKER CAN    PRESENT NEW ARGUMENTS.
Speaker ResponsibilitiesRebuttal Speakers•summarize his side   THE REBUTTAL SPEAKER CAN     PRESENT NEW EXAMPLES.
Speaker ResponsibilitiesRebuttal Speakers•select his side’s strongest issues and explain why these are sufficient for a wi...
Speaker ResponsibilitiesRebuttal Speakers•Issues: important contentions/clashes in the debate
That capital punishment should        be implemented
Speaker ResponsibilitiesRebuttal Speakers: I’m going to answer two crucial questions in my speech. First, does the death p...
Speaker ResponsibilitiesAUDIENCE•objectively express agreement or disagreement•HEAR!•SHAME!
DIVISION INTO TEAMS4 people / teamother people tobe adjudicators
Preparing Notes for the DebateMotion:Definition of Terms:Affirmative                         NegativeSplit: (three parts) ...
WHY???
ARGUMENTATION
Argumentationis the art of giving reasons in orderto justify acts, beliefs, attitudes,and values
Argumenta reason to justify a stand on a        particular issue
How do we argue?Handle/Label of the Argument
That capital punishment should be implemented   Capital   punishment   protects   society by   deterring heinous crimes.
How do we argue?deductively and inductively
Arguing Deductively• Start with the  conclusion• Explanation of the  conclusion through  the providing  evidence/support
Capital punishment protects society by        deterring heinous crimes.Conclusion: The death penalty deters crime by  thre...
Arguing Inductively         • Start with           specific pieces           of evidence or           support         • En...
Capital punishment protects society by         deterring heinous crimes.Support: That is because heinous crimes are usuall...
You may add examples like:Statistics, news items,  case studies, etc.
Feasibility• Will the policy work?• How will it work?• Is it the best policy to solve the  problem?
Beneficiality• Will the policy be  beneficial?• How big of a  benefit will it be?• Who will benefit  from the policy?
HOW???
WHY???
EVERY ARGUMENTSHOULD BE BACKED UP BY SUPPORTS.Banner statements are   NOT arguments.
With a partner, construct your own   argument given this motion:  That Xavier School should   abolish its haircut policy  ...
Debate 07 08
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Debate 07 08

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Debate 07 08

  1. 1. Fence-sitters are chickens.
  2. 2. Debate is defined as aformal, direct, oral contestin argumentation betweentwo or more teams on adefinite issue on a definitetime.
  3. 3. VALUES:Leadership Skills, Analysis,Critical Thinking, Open-mindedness, Thinking on One’sFeet, Organization, Listening,Self-confidence, Teamwork andCooperation
  4. 4. The winner in adebate is the betterspeaker of English.
  5. 5. A good debatermust, to a certainextent, be arrogant.
  6. 6. In a debate, one shouldspeak as loudly and asquickly as he or shecan.
  7. 7. The more content isdelivered, thestronger theargument.
  8. 8. VARIOUS NAMES:Oregon-Oxford Debate Format Cross-Examination Debate Forensic Debate ALL THE SAME TYPE OF DEBATE
  9. 9. IMPORTANT FEATURES:•Use of Proof and Evidence•Cross-Examination Part
  10. 10. Members per Team: 4Role of Members: 4 speakersLength of Constructives: 3 minsNumber of Constructives: 3Length of Cross-Ex: 1 minRebuttals: 1 per sideLength of Rebuttals: 3 minsLast Speech: Negative Rebuttal
  11. 11. Prep 3 minutes1st Aff 3 minutesCross Ex of 1st Aff 1 minute1st Neg 3 minutesCross Ex of 1st Neg 1 minute2nd Aff and 2nd Neg 16 minutes3rd Aff and 3rd NegRebut by Aff 3 minutesRebut by Neg 3 minutesAdj Prep 3 minutesAdj 3 minutes
  12. 12. Propositions must goagainst the status quoor what is theprevailingcircumstance.
  13. 13. That students shouldbe allowed to bringcellphones to school
  14. 14. Speaker Roles
  15. 15. Speaker Responsibilities1 st Affirmative Speaker•define the terms of the propositionExample: “cellphones are electronic devices used for communication”
  16. 16. Speaker Responsibilities1 st Affirmative Speaker•Lays out the policy created by the team/values to be debated on•give an outline of the team structure/team split (signposting)
  17. 17. Speaker Responsibilities1 st Affirmative SpeakerExample: I as the first speaker will talk about the feasibility of cellphone proposal, while the second speaker will talk about the benefits of having this policy. No rehash!
  18. 18. Speaker Responsibilities1 st Affirmative Speaker•begin to present the affirmative’s caseTHE FIRST SPEAKER SHOULD TAKE THE MOST DIFFICULT PART OF THE TEAM SPLIT.
  19. 19. Speaker Responsibilities1 st Negative Speaker•cross-examine 1st Affirmative•accept or reject the definition•reasons: definition is against the spirit of the proposition or altruistic•States the clash•rebut 1st Affirmative (0ffense)
  20. 20. Speaker Responsibilities1 st Negative Speaker•Clash: We do not want students to bring cellphones to school. We want to maintain status quo.
  21. 21. Speaker ResponsibilitiesCROSS-EXAMINATION•to clarify pointsOn ECA being requiredMr. Speaker, you conceded that clubs promote holistic development, didn’t you?
  22. 22. Speaker ResponsibilitiesCROSS-EXAMINATION•directing questionsOn ECA being requiredMr. Speaker, isn’t holistic development agoal of Xavier School? Shouldn’t studentsbe required to do things that contribute totheir holistic development?
  23. 23. Speaker ResponsibilitiesCROSS-EXAMINATION•concluding questionsOn ECA being requiredMr. Speaker, shouldn’t ECA,contributing to holisticdevelopment, then be required ofstudents?
  24. 24. Speaker ResponsibilitiesCROSS-EXAMINATION•Don’t make statements, do ask questions.•Don’t ask irrelevant questions.•Try to ask yes-or-no questions.•Do be courteous.
  25. 25. Speaker Responsibilities2nd and 3rd Speakers•defend 1st speaker from attack (defense)•rebut previous speaker (offense)•present portion of case
  26. 26. Speaker ResponsibilitiesRebuttal Speakers•summarize his side THE REBUTTAL SPEAKER CAN PRESENT NEW ARGUMENTS.
  27. 27. Speaker ResponsibilitiesRebuttal Speakers•summarize his side THE REBUTTAL SPEAKER CAN PRESENT NEW EXAMPLES.
  28. 28. Speaker ResponsibilitiesRebuttal Speakers•select his side’s strongest issues and explain why these are sufficient for a win•refute key issues of other side•explain why other issues should result in a loss for other side
  29. 29. Speaker ResponsibilitiesRebuttal Speakers•Issues: important contentions/clashes in the debate
  30. 30. That capital punishment should be implemented
  31. 31. Speaker ResponsibilitiesRebuttal Speakers: I’m going to answer two crucial questions in my speech. First, does the death penalty really deter crime? Second, is justice really served by an eye-for-an- eye punishment?
  32. 32. Speaker ResponsibilitiesAUDIENCE•objectively express agreement or disagreement•HEAR!•SHAME!
  33. 33. DIVISION INTO TEAMS4 people / teamother people tobe adjudicators
  34. 34. Preparing Notes for the DebateMotion:Definition of Terms:Affirmative NegativeSplit: (three parts) Split: (three parts)1st Speaker: (name) 1st Speaker: (name)- points within split - points within split2nd Speaker: (name) 2nd Speaker: (name)- points within split - points within split3rd Speaker: (name) 3rd Speaker: (name)- points within split - points within split
  35. 35. WHY???
  36. 36. ARGUMENTATION
  37. 37. Argumentationis the art of giving reasons in orderto justify acts, beliefs, attitudes,and values
  38. 38. Argumenta reason to justify a stand on a particular issue
  39. 39. How do we argue?Handle/Label of the Argument
  40. 40. That capital punishment should be implemented Capital punishment protects society by deterring heinous crimes.
  41. 41. How do we argue?deductively and inductively
  42. 42. Arguing Deductively• Start with the conclusion• Explanation of the conclusion through the providing evidence/support
  43. 43. Capital punishment protects society by deterring heinous crimes.Conclusion: The death penalty deters crime by threatening would-be criminals with the heaviest and most dreaded punishment possible during their period of calculation.Support: That is because heinous crimes are usually deliberate and pre-meditated. This means that before people commit these crimes, they plan the act and therefore, have the benefit of rational thought.
  44. 44. Arguing Inductively • Start with specific pieces of evidence or support • Ends with a conclusion
  45. 45. Capital punishment protects society by deterring heinous crimes.Support: That is because heinous crimes are usually deliberate and pre-meditated. This means that before people commit these crimes, they plan the act and therefore, have the benefit of rational thought.Conclusion: Thus death penalty deters crime by threatening would-be criminals with the heaviest and most dreaded punishment possible during their period of calculation.
  46. 46. You may add examples like:Statistics, news items, case studies, etc.
  47. 47. Feasibility• Will the policy work?• How will it work?• Is it the best policy to solve the problem?
  48. 48. Beneficiality• Will the policy be beneficial?• How big of a benefit will it be?• Who will benefit from the policy?
  49. 49. HOW???
  50. 50. WHY???
  51. 51. EVERY ARGUMENTSHOULD BE BACKED UP BY SUPPORTS.Banner statements are NOT arguments.
  52. 52. With a partner, construct your own argument given this motion: That Xavier School should abolish its haircut policy You may choose to argue deductively or inductively.

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