Copyright & Open Access
Copyright• Laws about how you can use material  – only the copyright holder may     •   Reproduce     •   distribute copie...
Plagiarism    ≠CopyrightViolation!
Crandall, Mary (Photographer). (2011). Who cares? [Photograph], Retrieved October    21, 2012, from: http://www.flickr.com...
Public Domain• Includes items that are not eligible for  copyright protection:  – Facts  – Ideas  – General themes, settin...
Public Domain• Includes items for which copyright protection  has expired.  – The laws have changed over the years, so the...
Value of the Public Domain• Benefits  – Copy freely     • Use images on your blog     • Include audio on videos, like your...
Value of the Public Domain– Create derivative works   • A movie based on a play or a novel   • A drawing based on a photog...
How do you know if something is in the             Public Domain?• Refer to categories of stuff that can’t be  copyrighted...
How do you know if something is in the             Public Domain?• Determine whether the term has expired on a  copyrighte...
How do you know if something is in the          Public Domain?– If published with notice 1964-1977   • Original 28 years p...
How do you know if something is in the             Public Domain?• A notation on the work that the creator has  put it in ...
Public DomainLim, Kevin (Photographer). (2006). Statistics for the Utterly Confused [Photograph].     Retrieved October 21...
Open Content (OC)• Some authors/creators choose to license their works  this way, giving up some control allowed under  co...
Open Access (OA)• Unrestricted access to certain  publications• No permission to revise or remix• Mostly academic journals...
Open Access and Academia• Open Access ideas in academia started early, but not  much happened until the mid-1990s• Two asp...
Creative Commons (CC)• Creative Commons is a company through which creators  can license their works• A creator can choose...
Creative Commons License Options                License                  Abbreviation   LogoAttribution                   ...
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Copyright, Public Domain, & Open Content

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Powerpoint used in information literacy class to go over public domain, open content, & open access. Followed by exercise where students searched for an image with an open content license to post to their blogs and practiced citing images.

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Copyright, Public Domain, & Open Content

  1. 1. Copyright & Open Access
  2. 2. Copyright• Laws about how you can use material – only the copyright holder may • Reproduce • distribute copies • perform the original work • create derivative works• Doesn’t matter if you give credit, only matters if you get (pay for) permission to use item
  3. 3. Plagiarism ≠CopyrightViolation!
  4. 4. Crandall, Mary (Photographer). (2011). Who cares? [Photograph], Retrieved October 21, 2012, from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/57340921@N03/6315741001/
  5. 5. Public Domain• Includes items that are not eligible for copyright protection: – Facts – Ideas – General themes, settings, plots, characters of fictional works – Research data, quotations, and unoriginal organization of nonfiction works – Law and court decisions – Government publications
  6. 6. Public Domain• Includes items for which copyright protection has expired. – The laws have changed over the years, so the length of copyright protection varies.• Also includes works that are donated to the public domain by their creator.
  7. 7. Value of the Public Domain• Benefits – Copy freely • Use images on your blog • Include audio on videos, like your library ethnographies – May use for public performances • Cover or sample songs all you want without fear of being sued
  8. 8. Value of the Public Domain– Create derivative works • A movie based on a play or a novel • A drawing based on a photograph • A sculpture based on a drawing • A new arrangement of pre-existing sheet music • Biography of John Doe that contains journal entries and letters by John Doe • Drama about John Doe based on the letters and journal entries of John Doe
  9. 9. How do you know if something is in the Public Domain?• Refer to categories of stuff that can’t be copyrighted – they are in the Public Domain – Ideas – Facts – General plots, literary themes, etc. – Government documents
  10. 10. How do you know if something is in the Public Domain?• Determine whether the term has expired on a copyrighted item – If published before 1923  Public Domain – If published with notice 1923-1963: • Original term of 28 years, may be renewed for another 67 years of protection • If published without copyright notice  Public Domain • If not renewed  Public Domain – Search for renewal information since 1978 at http://www.copyright.gov/records/
  11. 11. How do you know if something is in the Public Domain?– If published with notice 1964-1977 • Original 28 years plus automatic 67 year renewal, so protected for 95 years from date of publication. • If published without copyright notice  Public Domain– If created 1-1-1978 or later • Life plus 70 years OR • For works with anonymous or corporate authorship, the shorter of 95 years from publication or 120 years from creation
  12. 12. How do you know if something is in the Public Domain?• A notation on the work that the creator has put it in the Public Domain. – Open Content works – Open Access works• Being on the internet does NOT make it Public Domain!
  13. 13. Public DomainLim, Kevin (Photographer). (2006). Statistics for the Utterly Confused [Photograph]. Retrieved October 21, 2012, from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/inju/246717376/
  14. 14. Open Content (OC)• Some authors/creators choose to license their works this way, giving up some control allowed under copyright• “4Rs Framework” – reuse – revise – remix – redistribute• Works are published under an Open Content License – example: Wikipedia
  15. 15. Open Access (OA)• Unrestricted access to certain publications• No permission to revise or remix• Mostly academic journals – example: PLoS (Public Library of Science)• Includes peer-reviewed journals
  16. 16. Open Access and Academia• Open Access ideas in academia started early, but not much happened until the mid-1990s• Two aspects of OA Scholarly Publishing: – OA Self-Archiving • articles published by authors on the internet – OA Publishing • articles published in an OA journal, like PLoS• Beyond articles and papers – MIT has started to put all their undergraduate and graduate materials online (http://ocw.mit.edu/index.htm)
  17. 17. Creative Commons (CC)• Creative Commons is a company through which creators can license their works• A creator can choose to use any of the six listed combinations of rights, but must ask for attribution• CC license conditions: – Attribution – Share Alike – Non-Commercial – No Derivative Works• Can search for works on Creative Commons site – http://search.creativecommons.org
  18. 18. Creative Commons License Options License Abbreviation LogoAttribution cc byAttribution Share Alike cc by-saAttribution No Derivatives cc by-ndAttribution Non-Commercial cc by-ncAttribution Non-Commercial Share Alike cc by-nc-saAttribution Non-Commercial No cc by-nc-ndDerivatives

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