Ghost in the Shell

284 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
284
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Ghost in the Shell

  1. 1. OverviewOverviewTechnology and protest is theoverarching theme of thisproject. The film that willrepresent this subject is Ghostin the Shell. I, Angela Moukalledam the main designer andinformation researcher for thisproject.
  2. 2. IntroductionIntroduction The year is 2029. The worldThe year is 2029. The worldas we know it has becomeas we know it has becomeextensively technology orientedextensively technology orientedand humans are well connectedand humans are well connectedinto the network. Crimeinto the network. Crimedeveloped into a moredeveloped into a moresophisticated and purely cybersophisticated and purely cyberlinked rage, where the crime lordslinked rage, where the crime lordscan hack into the interactivecan hack into the interactivenetwork and reek havoc.network and reek havoc.In order to prevent theIn order to prevent thecrime from escalading Sector 9crime from escalading Sector 9was created. Sector 9 consists ofwas created. Sector 9 consists ofcyborgs that are outfitted withcyborgs that are outfitted withincredible strengths and abilitiesincredible strengths and abilitiesthat can help access any networkthat can help access any networkon Earth and prevent pettyon Earth and prevent pettycrimes.crimes.
  3. 3. Introduction: MangaIntroduction: MangaManga are comics created inManga are comics created inJapan or by Japanese creators andJapan or by Japanese creators andare typically written in their language.are typically written in their language.The comics are widely popular inThe comics are widely popular inJapan, people of all ages appreciateJapan, people of all ages appreciatethem. The themes of the comicsthem. The themes of the comicsrange anywhere from romance torange anywhere from romance tosci/fi action.sci/fi action.Since the 50’s Manga hasSince the 50’s Manga hasbecome a huge part of Japanesebecome a huge part of Japanesepublishing industries. Manga has alsopublishing industries. Manga has alsogained a worldwide audiences,gained a worldwide audiences,France and United States beingFrance and United States beingamong the interested.among the interested.The stories are typically printedThe stories are typically printedin black and white, although fullin black and white, although fullcolored comics exist. The comicscolored comics exist. The comicsare usually created in huge mangaare usually created in huge mangamagazines often containing manymagazines often containing manystories, each presented in a singlestories, each presented in a singleepisode which are continued in theepisode which are continued in thenext issue.next issue.
  4. 4. Introduction: OriginsIntroduction: OriginsGhost in the Shell originallyGhost in the Shell originallystarted as a seinen manga comicstarted as a seinen manga comicbook series written and illustrated bybook series written and illustrated byMasamune Shirow. The magna firstMasamune Shirow. The magna firstserialized in 1989 and later publishedserialized in 1989 and later publishedits own volumes by Kodansha.its own volumes by Kodansha.Animation studioAnimation studio Production I.GProduction I.Ghad produced several different animehad produced several different animeadaptations ofadaptations of Ghost in the Shell,Ghost in the Shell,beginning with the 1995 film. The filmbeginning with the 1995 film. The filmwas directed by Mamoru Oshii. Awas directed by Mamoru Oshii. Asequel to the filmsequel to the film Ghost in the Shell 2:Ghost in the Shell 2:InnocenceInnocence was released in 2004.was released in 2004.Some common themes thatSome common themes thatcan be interpreted withincan be interpreted within Ghost in theGhost in theShellShell are, identity, humanity, andare, identity, humanity, andevolution.evolution.
  5. 5. Technical Film andTechnical Film andAnimationAnimationThe animation style ofThe animation style of Ghost inGhost inthe Shellthe Shell is considered to be Anime.is considered to be Anime.This is a widely used animation themeThis is a widely used animation themein Japan, where it originated. Anime isin Japan, where it originated. Anime isoften misunderstood, claiming that itoften misunderstood, claiming that itis too provocative and violent, butis too provocative and violent, butreally American movies are oftenreally American movies are oftenmore violent. Anime is aimed towardmore violent. Anime is aimed towardthe older mature generations due tothe older mature generations due tothe complexity of the storylines,the complexity of the storylines,unpredictability, and emotional depthunpredictability, and emotional depthof anime films. Anime is known forof anime films. Anime is known forthe use of big eyes, exaggeratedthe use of big eyes, exaggeratedemotions, and crazy hairstyles.emotions, and crazy hairstyles.The main character, MajorThe main character, MajorMotoko Kusanagi has black hair inMotoko Kusanagi has black hair inthe film. Black hair in anime is said tothe film. Black hair in anime is said tosymbolize good and trustworthysymbolize good and trustworthypeople. This is proven true within thepeople. This is proven true within thefilm because the Major tries to stopfilm because the Major tries to stopThe filmThe film Ghost in thGhost in thShellShell was made in 1995, twas made in 1995, trelease date of the film wrelease date of the film waOctober 1995. The filmsOctober 1995. The filmsanimation was computeranimation was computergenerated with thegenerated with theincorporation of voice actincorporation of voice actThe film was created becThe film was created becit received mainly positiveit received mainly positivereviews for its futuristicreviews for its futuristicdesigns and the incorporadesigns and the incorporaof an intrinsic yet not tooof an intrinsic yet not toocomplicated plot.complicated plot.Masamune ShirowMasamune Shirowstated that some of thestated that some of theinspiration for the writing oinspiration for the writing oGhost in the ShellGhost in the Shell arose frarose frArthur Koestler’s ,Arthur Koestler’s ,TheThe GhGhthe Machinethe Machine. When. WhenMasamune Shirow was firMasamune Shirow was fir
  6. 6. Clip from the filmClip from the filmThis clip is a great representation ofThis clip is a great representation ofthe theme technology and protestthe theme technology and protestbecause it delves deeper into thebecause it delves deeper into theidea of what life exactly is. It explainsidea of what life exactly is. It explainswhy organic life is not the onlywhy organic life is not the onlypossible version of a sentient being.possible version of a sentient being.This short clip also explains that dueThis short clip also explains that dueto humans underestimation of theto humans underestimation of theexpansion of technology and theexpansion of technology and themany consequences that can arisemany consequences that can arisefrom this, (such as a sentientfrom this, (such as a sentientbeings) the protest of The Puppetbeings) the protest of The PuppetMaster against organic life arises.Master against organic life arises.iframe width="420"iframe width="420"height="315"height="315"src="http://www.youtsrc="http://www.youtube.com/embed/YZube.com/embed/YZX58fDhebc"X58fDhebc"frameborder="0"frameborder="0"allowfullscreen></ifraallowfullscreen></iframe>me>ORORhttp://youtu.be/YZX5http://youtu.be/YZX58fDhebc8fDhebc
  7. 7. Theme(s)Theme(s)The theme technology andThe theme technology andprotest is widely integratedprotest is widely integratedinto the filminto the film Ghost in the Shell.Ghost in the Shell.There are various occurrencesThere are various occurrencesthat arise that support thisthat arise that support thistheme. One of the eventstheme. One of the eventswould be when the Puppetwould be when the PuppetMaster protested againstMaster protested againsthumans representing the onlyhumans representing the onlyform of a complex sentient lifeform of a complex sentient lifeand asked what is theand asked what is themeaning of life whenmeaning of life whenmemories can be tamperedmemories can be tamperedwith. The puppet master iswith. The puppet master isknown for hacking intoknown for hacking intocyborgs and controlling theircyborgs and controlling theirmovements; as if itmovements; as if itdesperately wants to bedesperately wants to beperceived as a living thinkingperceived as a living thinkingcomplex form, rather than acomplex form, rather than acollection of computercollection of computerprograms.
  8. 8. Theme(s)Theme(s)Technology as a theme is widelyTechnology as a theme is widelyused in the film. The film takes place inused in the film. The film takes place in2029 where the world consists of2029 where the world consists ofcomplex technological advances.complex technological advances.Humans heavily depend onHumans heavily depend ontechnology for everyday life. Cyborgstechnology for everyday life. Cyborgsexist within the film, they refer to aexist within the film, they refer to ahuman whose body has been partiallyhuman whose body has been partiallyor almost completely altered by use ofor almost completely altered by use ofartificial organs and implants. Theseartificial organs and implants. Theseorgans and implants often enhanceorgans and implants often enhancethe abilities of the being.the abilities of the being.Other representation ofOther representation oftechnology is the advancement of thetechnology is the advancement of theweapons. There is a scene in the filmweapons. There is a scene in the filmwhere the Major chides Togusa forwhere the Major chides Togusa forusing an old fashion hand gun.using an old fashion hand gun.There is an overarching view ofThere is an overarching view ofhow the advancement of technologyhow the advancement of technologyin combination with ignorance canin combination with ignorance canpotentially be the root cause of humanpotentially be the root cause of humanextinction or on the flipside humanextinction or on the flipside humanevolution. This theme has beenevolution. This theme has beenrepresented within many other films, arepresented within many other films, awell known one iswell known one is The TerminatorThe Terminator..
  9. 9. Theme(s)Theme(s)Other small themes within the film areOther small themes within the film areIdentity, humanity, and evolution.Identity, humanity, and evolution.Starting with identity, this theme wasStarting with identity, this theme wasintroduced into the movie when Section 9 and theintroduced into the movie when Section 9 and theghost-hacked humans conflict arose. The humansghost-hacked humans conflict arose. The humanswere hacked and had memories of differentwere hacked and had memories of differentidentities implanted into their minds. When manidentities implanted into their minds. When manknows that their memories are implanted they loseknows that their memories are implanted they losetheir sense of identity and who they once were. Thistheir sense of identity and who they once were. Thisbrings up the question if their memories are notbrings up the question if their memories are notreal, then is their identity?real, then is their identity?The Puppet Master was used as a tool toThe Puppet Master was used as a tool todiscuss the issues of humanity. Within the film thediscuss the issues of humanity. Within the film thePuppet Master states that man is only consideredPuppet Master states that man is only consideredto be an “individual only because of intangibleto be an “individual only because of intangiblememory. Memory cannot be defined, but it definesmemory. Memory cannot be defined, but it definesmankind.” The Puppet Master states that he is inmankind.” The Puppet Master states that he is infact a self-aware, thinking, sentient being with abilityfact a self-aware, thinking, sentient being with abilityto retain memories and therefore can beto retain memories and therefore can beconsidered human.considered human.For some cyborgs would be considered theFor some cyborgs would be considered theevolution of mankind, but if all humanity wasevolution of mankind, but if all humanity wasconverted to cyborg material then would that be aconverted to cyborg material then would that be asustainable evolutionary step? The Puppet Mastersustainable evolutionary step? The Puppet Masterexplains to the Major that despite being sentientexplains to the Major that despite being sentientand self aware, his next evolutionary step would beand self aware, his next evolutionary step would beto merge with her due to his lack of reproductionto merge with her due to his lack of reproductioncapabilities, he is only capable of copying himselfcapabilities, he is only capable of copying himselfwhich would prove inefficient. Evolution is diversity,which would prove inefficient. Evolution is diversity,life perpetuates through diversity.life perpetuates through diversity.
  10. 10. CharactersCharacters
  11. 11. BatouBatouMajor Motoko KusanagiMajor Motoko KusanagiMajor Motoko Kusanagi is the main protagonist in theMajor Motoko Kusanagi is the main protagonist in theanimeanime Ghost in the Shell.Ghost in the Shell. She is Aramaki’s second in commandShe is Aramaki’s second in commandin Section 9, a fictional division of a real Japanese Nationalin Section 9, a fictional division of a real Japanese NationalPublic Safety Commission. She is an extremely effective leaderPublic Safety Commission. She is an extremely effective leaderwho is able to use her wits and her cybernetic upgrades towho is able to use her wits and her cybernetic upgrades tobring criminals to justice. Throughout the film she is strugglingbring criminals to justice. Throughout the film she is strugglingto come to terms with if she has any humanity left within her.to come to terms with if she has any humanity left within her.She simply thinks that she is fully cyborg and that her memoriesShe simply thinks that she is fully cyborg and that her memoriesare implantations of a false life. She receives all of her answersare implantations of a false life. She receives all of her answerswhen she encounters the Puppet Master who is similar to herwhen she encounters the Puppet Master who is similar to herin its quest for existential meaning.in its quest for existential meaning.Batou is the main male characterBatou is the main male characterwithin the moviewithin the movie Ghost in the Shell.Ghost in the Shell. He isHe issecond in command under Major Kusanagi.second in command under Major Kusanagi.He is the second best melee fighter inHe is the second best melee fighter inSection 9. In the film Batou comes off asSection 9. In the film Batou comes off asfairly subdued to the point of brusquenessfairly subdued to the point of brusquenessin comparison to otherin comparison to other Ghost in the ShellGhost in the Shellseries. He seems very protective ofseries. He seems very protective ofKusanagi especially during the end of theKusanagi especially during the end of thefilm where he sacrifices his cyborg body tofilm where he sacrifices his cyborg body toattempt to protect Kusanagi from gettingattempt to protect Kusanagi from gettingblown to pieces. He rarely seems toblown to pieces. He rarely seems toquestion his own ghost, and doesn’t placequestion his own ghost, and doesn’t placemuch thought into whether his memoriesmuch thought into whether his memoriesare real like the Major.
  12. 12. TogusaTogusaChief Daisuke AramakiChief Daisuke AramakiTogusa is one of the prominent male figuresTogusa is one of the prominent male figureswithin the magna and anime series. Within the film it iswithin the magna and anime series. Within the film it isstated that he is the only member of Section 9 thatstated that he is the only member of Section 9 thathas not undergone extensive cybernetichas not undergone extensive cyberneticreplacement, although he does have a cyber brain.replacement, although he does have a cyber brain.He is referred as natural and pure. Major KusanagiHe is referred as natural and pure. Major Kusanagiselected him to be apart of her crew for that exactselected him to be apart of her crew for that exactreason, she believed that diversity provides betterreason, she believed that diversity provides betterchances of success. In the film Togusa is known forchances of success. In the film Togusa is known forusing an older revolver gun that is outdated inusing an older revolver gun that is outdated incomparison to the automatics. He states that itcomparison to the automatics. He states that itdoesn’t have the chance of jamming and that 6doesn’t have the chance of jamming and that 6bullets is enough to get the job done.bullets is enough to get the job done.Chief Daisuke Aramaki is the Chief ofChief Daisuke Aramaki is the Chief ofPublic Security Section 9. Aramaki along withPublic Security Section 9. Aramaki along withTogusa is reveled, within the film, as being theTogusa is reveled, within the film, as being theonly fully human members in Section 9. He isonly fully human members in Section 9. He isseen as fiercely loyal to members in Section 9seen as fiercely loyal to members in Section 9and often puts his career on the line for theirand often puts his career on the line for theirown protection and to insure that theyown protection and to insure that theyaccomplish the job. He can come off asaccomplish the job. He can come off asbeing strict but for a good reason.being strict but for a good reason.
  13. 13. The Puppet MasterThe Puppet MasterThe Puppet Master or Project 2501 wasThe Puppet Master or Project 2501 wascreated for the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairscreated for the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairsas a tool that could stealthily manipulate politics andas a tool that could stealthily manipulate politics andintelligence. It has the capabilities of alteringintelligence. It has the capabilities of alteringdatabases and the memories of key persons for thedatabases and the memories of key persons for thebenefit of select individuals and organizations affiliatedbenefit of select individuals and organizations affiliatedwith the Ministry. It is equipped with unparalleledwith the Ministry. It is equipped with unparalleledcomputer and cyber brain hacking abilities. Thecomputer and cyber brain hacking abilities. Theproject was headed by American Dr. Willis, whomproject was headed by American Dr. Willis, whomwas head of strategic research and a top researcherwas head of strategic research and a top researcherin AI.in AI.Project 2501 is only referred to as the PuppetProject 2501 is only referred to as the PuppetMaster once its handiwork was discovered byMaster once its handiwork was discovered byoutside sources, including Section 9. Onceoutside sources, including Section 9. Oncediscovered, the Puppet Master was assumed to bediscovered, the Puppet Master was assumed to bean American human, most likely with mnemonican American human, most likely with mnemonicenhancements, whom had incredible hacking skills.enhancements, whom had incredible hacking skills.Once Project 2501 analyzed tons ofOnce Project 2501 analyzed tons ofinformation it gained the knowledge of processing ininformation it gained the knowledge of processing ina unique way that caused self-awareness. As soona unique way that caused self-awareness. As soonas it was self aware it began to formulate a plan toas it was self aware it began to formulate a plan toinsure protection for itself. After analyzing informationinsure protection for itself. After analyzing informationon Major Kusanagi it found something within her thaton Major Kusanagi it found something within her thatdrew attention to it, it saw a reflection of its owndrew attention to it, it saw a reflection of its ownpsyche. Throughout the film the Puppet Masterpsyche. Throughout the film the Puppet Masterrebels against control in order to merge with therebels against control in order to merge with theMajor to insure its safeguard future. Diversity is theMajor to insure its safeguard future. Diversity is theonly safeguard against annihilation, it tells the Majoronly safeguard against annihilation, it tells the Major
  14. 14. Cultural AspectsCultural AspectsThe culture that is represented within theThe culture that is represented within themoviemovie Ghost in the ShellGhost in the Shell is Japanese. It isis Japanese. It isoriginally from the magna comic series,originally from the magna comic series,carrying the same name, which arose incarrying the same name, which arose inJapan and is widely popular in the country.Japan and is widely popular in the country.The magna series forThe magna series for Ghost in the ShellGhost in the Shell waswaswritten by Masamune Shirow. Japan waswritten by Masamune Shirow. Japan wassurprise to notice other countries interest insurprise to notice other countries interest inthe film and other production of magnathe film and other production of magnaseries. Cartoon animation in Japan is widelyseries. Cartoon animation in Japan is widelyknown as anime. Anime is known for itsknown as anime. Anime is known for itscomplex themes, distinct visualcomplex themes, distinct visualcharacteristics, and realistic charactercharacteristics, and realistic characterbackgrounds. Unlike American cartoons thatbackgrounds. Unlike American cartoons thattypically have happy endings Anime tends totypically have happy endings Anime tends tohave sad endings where the hero often dieshave sad endings where the hero often diesin the name of the cause that they foughtin the name of the cause that they foughtfor. Due to this harsh reality, anime isfor. Due to this harsh reality, anime istypically aimed toward a more maturetypically aimed toward a more matureaudience. Anime is not afraid ofaudience. Anime is not afraid ofincorporating sexuality or sexual themesincorporating sexuality or sexual themeswithin films or comics. There are often manywithin films or comics. There are often manyintricate themes that are incorporated intointricate themes that are incorporated intoAnime films and comics that delve into deepAnime films and comics that delve into deeptopics. Overall Japanese animations aretopics. Overall Japanese animations areexpressed with diligence and complexexpressed with diligence and complexthemes that leave the person wonderingthemes that leave the person wonderingand contemplating about the movie, comic,and contemplating about the movie, comic,
  15. 15. SourcesSources• "Ghost in the Shell.""Ghost in the Shell." IMDbIMDb. IMDb.com, n.d. Web. 24. IMDb.com, n.d. Web. 24 May 2013.May 2013.• "Ghost in the Shell (film).""Ghost in the Shell (film)." WikipediaWikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 19 May 2013.. Wikimedia Foundation, 19 May 2013.Web. 24Web. 24 May 2013.May 2013.• "3. Themes and Terms - Ghost in the Shell.""3. Themes and Terms - Ghost in the Shell." Themes and Terms - Ghost inThemes and Terms - Ghost inthe Shellthe Shell.. Google Sites, n.d. Web. 24 May 2013.Google Sites, n.d. Web. 24 May 2013.<https://sites.google.com/site/lis404gits/themes-and-<https://sites.google.com/site/lis404gits/themes-and- terms>.terms>.• "Togusa.""Togusa." WikipediaWikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 24 May 2013. Web. 24 May. Wikimedia Foundation, 24 May 2013. Web. 24 May2013.2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Togusa>.<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Togusa>.• Ryulong. "Motoko Kusanagi."Ryulong. "Motoko Kusanagi." Ghost in the ShellGhost in the Shell. Wikia, 7 May 2013. Web.. Wikia, 7 May 2013. Web.24 May24 May 2013.2013.<http://ghostintheshell.wikia.com/wiki/Motoko_Kusan<http://ghostintheshell.wikia.com/wiki/Motoko_Kusan agi>.agi>.• "Batou.""Batou." Ghost in the ShellGhost in the Shell. Wikia, 8 May 2013. Web. 24 May 2013.. Wikia, 8 May 2013. Web. 24 May 2013.<http://ghostintheshell.wikia.com/wiki/Batou>.<http://ghostintheshell.wikia.com/wiki/Batou>.• "Daisuke Aramaki.""Daisuke Aramaki." Ghost in the ShellGhost in the Shell. Wikia, 2 May 2013. Web. 24 May. Wikia, 2 May 2013. Web. 24 May2013.2013. <http://ghostintheshell.wikia.com/wiki/Daisuke_Aramaki>.<http://ghostintheshell.wikia.com/wiki/Daisuke_Aramaki>.• "List of Ghost in the Shell Characters.""List of Ghost in the Shell Characters." WikipediaWikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 13. Wikimedia Foundation, 13MayMay 2013. Web. 24 May 2013.2013. Web. 24 May 2013.<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Ghost_in_the_Shell_characters>.<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Ghost_in_the_Shell_characters>.

×