Our Solar System
Closest to the sun
Rotates once every 59 earth days.
One day on Mercury lasts 176 Earth days.
Very dry, hot, and almost airless
Image courtesy of http://zuserver2.star.ucl.ac.uk/~idh/apod/ap011124.html
Second closest planet to the sun
Brightest celestial body besides the moon and sun.
Cannot be seen in the middle of the night
Can be observed in the east at sunrise
and the west at sunset
Image courtesy of www. zuserver2.star.ucl.ac.uk
3rd from the sun
5th largest planet in the solar system
More than 4.5 billion years old
Has one natural satellite we call the moon.
Oceans cover 70% of Earth’s surface
Image courtesy of www.filer.case.edu
Fourth from the sun
Only planet whose surface can
be seen in detail from the Earth
Reddish in color, the atmosphere of
Mars is made of carbon dioxide
Image courtesy of http://mysite.du.edu/~jcalvert/astro/mars.htm
The Fifth planet from the sun
Largest planet in the solar system
Has at least 39 months
Image courtesy of http://www.heavens-above.com/jupiter.asp?lat=0&lng=0&loc=B&alt=0&tz=CET
Sixth planet from the sun
Has at least 31 moons
The surface on Saturn consists
of liquid and gas
Image courtesy of http://www.heavens-above.com/saturn.asp?lat=0&lng=0&loc=Unspecified&alt=0&tz=CET
Seventh planet from the sun
1st planet discovered with a telescope
Atmosphere is a mixture of Hydrogen,
Helium, and methane
Does not have a solid surface
Image courtesy of http://www.astro.keele.ac.uk/~rdj/planets/uranus.html
8th and farthest planet from the sun
The atmosphere is mostly hydrogen and helium
Has 8 known moons
Image courtesy of http://worldalmanacforkids.com
Bigger than Pluto
Only object in the Solar System visited by
A lunar month is 29.35 days,
1 new moon to the next.
The moon’s gravitational pull
on Earth is the main cause of
the ocean’s tide.
Located 93,000,000 miles from Earth
Closest star to Earth
At least 4.5 billion years old
Has a surface temperature of 10,000 degrees and
a center temperature of 27,000,000 degrees Fahrenheit.
The Asteroid Belt is the space between Mars and Jupiter
It contains irregularly shaped chunks of debris called
Asteroids made of rock and metal. Mostly nickel and iron