Art nouveau and Antonio Gaudí


Published on

PPT presentation about art bnouveau made by Ángel Aranda student of 4th year Eso in I.E. S. Isabel Perillán y Quirós

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Art nouveau and Antonio Gaudí

  1. 1. The peacock and the blue color are one of the symbols of art nouveauArt Nouveau andAntonio GaudíBy Ángel Aranda Ruiz
  2. 2. 1. The origins of Art Nouveau … Slide 3 2. Chronology and main features … Slide 4 3. Art Nouveau in painting … Slide 5 4. Description of a painting … Slide 6 5. Art Nouveau in Sculpture … Slide 7 6. Art Nouveau in decorative arts… Slide 8 7. Art Noveau in Architecture… Slide 9, 10, 11 & 12 8. Antonio Gaudí… Slides 13,14 ,16 &Index 17 9. Sources… Slide 18
  3. 3. • The origins of Art Nouveau are found in the resistance of the artist William Morris to the cluttered compositions and the revival tendencies of the 19th century and his theories that helped initiate the Arts and crafts movement. William Morris However, Arthur Mackmurdos book- cover for Wrens City Churches Arthur (1883), with its rhythmic floral Marckmurdo patterns, is often considered the first realization of Art Nouveau. At the same time, the flat perspective and strong colors of Japanese wood block prints, especially those of Katsushika Hokusai, had a strong effect on the formulation of Art Nouveau. The Japonisme that was popular in EuropeThe origins of Art during the 1880s and 1890s was particularly influential on many artists with its organic forms and references tonouveau the natural world.
  4. 4. • This new style broke up with the predominant historicist currents. It drew inspiration Arthur Marckmurdo´s Painting from nature: curved lines, organic motifs such as flowers and plants, exuberant decoration. The work of art was understood as a whole, including all arts and crafts,Hotel Lyon in architecture, painting,Buenos Aires sculpture, furniture, ceramics, wrought ironwork, stained glasses, etc.Chronology and main features
  5. 5. • Two-dimensional Art Nouveau The kiss, by Gustav Klimt pieces were painted, drawn, and printed in popular forms such as advertisements, posters, labels and magazines. Japanese wood-block prints, with their curved lines, pattern surfaces, contrasting voids, and flatness of visual plane, also inspired Art Nouveau. Some lines and curved patterns became graphic clichés that The blonde, were later found in works of artists by Alphonse from many parts of the world. In mucha painting some of the most famous artists were Gustav Klimt or Alphonse Mucha.In painting
  6. 6. Painter: Gustav KlimtCreation: 1907Material and measures:Oil on canvas, 77 x 83 cmPresent location: Galerie Würthle, Vienna(Austria)Explanation: It is a very symbolic painting with a popular theme in the early 1900’s for manyartists; she was used as the quintessential symbol of divine love and transcendence. On thispainting a mythological story is shown: Danae was imprisoned by her father, the King of Argos,in a tower of bronze, Danaë was visited by Zeus, symbolized here as the golden rain flowingbetween her legs. It is apparent from the subjects face that she is awakened by the goldenstream.In this work, she is curled in a sumptuous royal purple veil which refers to her imperial lineage.Sometime after her celestial visitation she gave birth to a son, Perseus, who is cited later inGreek mythology for the murder of Gorgon Medusa and rescuing Andromeda.Danäe , by Gustav Klimt
  7. 7. • The main features of Art Nouveau were curved lines… • Here the main artists were François-Raoul Larche and Charles van der Stappen In Hoc Signo Vinces byLoie Fuller by Charles van derFrançois-Raoul StappenLarcheIn sculpture
  8. 8. • Jewelry of the Art Nouveau period revitalized the jeweler’s art, with nature as the principal source of inspiration, complemented by new levels of virtuosity in enameling and the introduction of new materials, such as opals and semi-precious stones. The widespread interest in Japanese art and the more specialized enthusiasm for Japanese metalworking skills fostered new themes and approaches to ornament. • The jewelers of Paris and Brussels defined Art Nouveau in jewelry and in these cities it achieved the most renown. Contemporary French critics were united in acknowledging that jewelry was undergoing a radical transformation, and that the French designer-jeweller-glassmaker René Lalique was popularizing the changes. Lalique glorified nature in jewelry, extending the repertoire to include new aspects of nature suchTiffany Studios Geranium as dragonflies or grassesLeaded Glass Lamp Shade • The jewelers were keen to establish the new style in a noble tradition, and for this they used the Renaissance, with its works of sculpted and enameled gold, and its acceptance of jewelers as artists rather than craftsmen. In most of the enameled work of the period, precious stones receded. Diamonds were usually subsidiary, used alongside less familiar materials such as molded glass, horn and ivory. In decorative arts
  9. 9. • In architecture, hyperbolas and parabolas in windows, arches and doors are common and decorative moldings grow into plant-derived forms. Like most design styles, Art Nouveau Metro sought to harmonize its forms. The Paris Metro station, desig entrance uses the qualities of the rest of the iron ned by work in the structure. Hector • Art Nouveau in architecture and interior design Guimard avoided the eclectic revival styles of the 19th century. Though Art Nouveau designers selected and modernized some of the more abstract elements of Rococo style, such as flame and shell textures, they also advocated the use of much stylized organic forms as a source ofMusic Palace inspiration, expanding the natural repertoire toof Barcelona use seaweed, grasses, and insects.designed by • The most important places for architectureDomènech i during this period were Brussels, Paris andMontaner Barcelona. The most important architects in Barcelona were Domènech i Montaner, who built the music palace and Antoni Gaudi. In Architecture
  10. 10. • In Paris Hector Guimard designed several metro station entrances, some hotels and sinagogues. Hector Guimard´s house Gate of Caste BerengerMetro Station by Hector Guimard by Hector Guimard Architecture in France
  11. 11. • Victor Horta worked in Brussels, where he built the Hotel Tassel and his house and workshop. Hotel Tassel by Victor Horta Victor Horta´s house and workshopArchitecture in Belgium
  12. 12. • The most important architects in Barcelona were Domènech i Montaner, who built the music palace and Antoni Gaudi. The music palace of Barcelona by Domènech i MontanerThe holy family in the following slides Architecture in Spain
  13. 13. • Gaudí was the most important representative of Modernism. He was very influenced by Gothic art and oriental styles. He drew inspiration from different natural landscapes in Spain, like the mountain of Montserrat and the caves of Mallorca, finding original solutions for the buildings he designed: hyperboloid vaults, helicoidal columns, trencadís (ceramic mosaic made of waste materials). Many of his works were commissioned by the Güell family, such as the Palau Güell, Parc Güell…Antoni Gaudí i Cornet
  14. 14. Palau Güell Casa Vicens Güell Pavilions Casa Batlló Casa Milà BellesguardMain Works of Gaudí Images from :
  15. 15. Title: Parc Güell Chronology:1900-1914 Material: Ceramics, glass and rock Function: Eusebi Güell wanted to build a residential area on an estate on the mountain Muntanya Pelada in La Salut district, which had to be inspired by the garden-city concept. Description: Here, we can appreciate a lot of Art Nouveau features as lots and lots of curved lines(in the houses and in the animals), natural themes, like the dragon… Of the planned 60 houses, only two were build, for lack of interest and financial problems. The two houses that have been finished could have been taken unchanged from some fairy tale. Near the houses isDrac from a large temple with pillars. The lizard is connected to the waterParc Güell reservoir which is located under the colonnade. The several colonnades in the park appear to be natural formed caves and are strongly in contrast with other eye-catching and colorful elements, like the two fairy-tale houses. The house where Gaudi lived from 1906 until his death in 1926 is located in Parc Güell.Parc Guëll
  16. 16. Title: The Holy Family Chronology: 1914-1926 Material: Rock, ceramics and glass Function : A new cathedral for poor people in Barcelona Description: Gaudí decided to built this building area by area, because people from Gaudi´s generation won´t be able to see the building finished. So in 1893, when the ceiling of the cathedral was closed, façade was summited to a natural biologic style leaving the façade summited to a fake of the natural environment, that finished with four towers of 107m of height. In 1925 one tower was finished and the other three were finished with the help of Gaudi´s collaborators after his death. In this point the construction was stopped. The original plans were lost in the Civil WarThe Holy Family
  17. 17. • Blanco Carrasco, Cristina and Pérez Fons, Paqui, Social Sciences book 4th year ESO, 2011, Printed in Spain • Salvat editorials, encyclopedia Salvat, 1981, printed in Spain (problems with my router) • Oxford University press, Dictionary, 2005, printed in Italy • Have travel fun on the internet June 2008, Travel through Europe and Africa with Elisabeth and Teije • lona/gaudi-information.htm • Wikipedia , April 2012, Wikipedia the free enciclopediaSources