Sedimentary
rocks originate
    from:
water
Sedimentary rock forms
           layer
 a thin ____________
on top of existing rock.
SEDIMENTARY ROCK LAYERS: AZ
1.CLASTIC
 Sediments
 cemented
   together
2.BIOCLASTIC
  Remains of
   plants &
   animals
3.CRYSTALLINE
     newly
   reformed
    mineral
    crystals
1. CLASTIC
Sedimentary Rock:
  Contain layers of
 particles (sediments)
 ______________
formed from the
 breakdown of othe...
Characteristics of
clastic sedimentary
        fragmental
rock: (__________)
A. Varied particle size
B. Horizontal layers
...
CONGLOMERATE
MIXED PARTICLE SIZE
SEDIMENTARY LAYERS
Sedimentary rock
 is UNLIKE loose
sediment because
sediments have
been
compressed
______________

and
  cemented
______________
together.
How do Sedimentary Rocks Form?
___
Three examples
of natural
cement are:
lime     &
silica   & calcite
Classification of
sedimentary rock is
based on:
  Texture or
  Grain size
2. BIOCLASTIC
Sedimentary Rocks
are formed by the
accumulation of
  plant
_________ or
 animal
_________ remains
*Limestone is
the Accumulation
of Shells and
   animal skeletons
    (calcite)
BECOME
BURIED
COMPRESSED
GREAT BARRIER REEF MAY
SOMEDAY BE LIMESTONE
CORAL REEF
*Coal is the remains of
    BECOME

  Coal
 Plants that
     BURIED
  accumulate in
        &
 layers and
  COMPRESSED
  F...
THIN COAL LAYERS


CLASTIC

          BIO-CLASTIC
3. Crystalline
sedimentary rocks
 are formed from
minerals that WERE
 dissolved
_______________
in water.
Minerals that were
once dissolved are
called: evaporites
      and
      precipitates
crystalline
sedimentary rocks
 are made of only
       one
   mineral
and are
   called
monomineralic
Examples
include:
HALITE (SALT)
DOLOSTONE
CHALK CLIFFS: ENGLAND
CHALK
A fossil is
evidence
 a rock is
 sedimentary
_____________
Sedimentary
Rock layers
Near Albany
New York
Fossil
Collectors
In action
Marine fossils in the limestone
A Waterfall weathering
The rock
ru


Running water at work again
Looking over a waterfall
Weathered layers of
sedimentary rock
Roadcut …perfect place to
Find fossils
Devonian fossils
of marine life
Devonian Rooster coral
Fossil are rare
       in
 igneous and
 metamorphic
     rocks
USE YOUR
REFERENCE
 TABELS
TO ANSWER
 QUESTIONS
1-11
SEDIMENTARY
   ROCKS
 Clastic
 Bioclastic
 Crystalline
Rock Candy
1   Glass jar or drinking glass   1 Food coloring (optional)
1   Piece of cotton string        1 c Water
1   Pe...
Rocks,
Minerals,
    &
Resources
Rock and
Mineral
resources are
Non-renewable
Conservation
And Recycling are
 essential….
Re-duce
Re-use
Re-cycle
1. The Lithosphere:

Composed of
   ROCKS
2. Rocks:of
Composed

MINERALS
3. Minerals:
Composed of

ELEMENTS
Most Abundant
Elements:
Oxygen     O
Silicon   Si
Minerals Containing
these elements
(oxygen & silicon)
are known as:
 Silicates
MINERALS
NONSILICATE MINERALS
NATIVE ELEMENTS
Elements are generally solitary (homogeneous).
Do not combine with other ele...
MINERALS
NONSILICATE MINERALS
CARBONATES

Bonds generally weak.
Minerals are soft (3-4).                CALCITE
Minerals a...
Minera
     ls:
Naturally occurring
inorganic
solids
definite:
  chemical composition,
  molecular structure &
   physical...
The most common
rock-formers:

Listed on the
 reference tables
see back page
MINERAL
CHARACTERI
  STICS
Luster:
                Light
Appearance of________
 reflected from a
 minerals surface
  ® metallic
  ® non-metallic
  ® ...
Metallic
Non-
          Metallic
glassy, waxy, greasy,
  pearly,earthy, dull
Hardness:
Resistance to
 being
®SCRATCHED
_________
Moh’s Scale of Hardness




The scale is from 1-10
diamond is the hardest mineral
Hardness is due
to the internal
arrangement
of the molecules
or the Atoms
This mineral will
be soft due to the
loose arrangement
of the molecules
This mineral will
be hard due to the
tight arrangement
of the molecules
We will compare
 a minerals
 hardness to
    glass
If it scratches
 the glass
It must be as
 hard or
  harder
Cleavage:
Some minerals tend
 to break along one
 or more smooth
 surfaces
Cleavage is also
due to :
the internal
 arrangement of
 the molecules
ook at the patte
           patt
It can tell you how
 the mineral might break
Fracture:
When a mineral has
 no well-defined
 cleavage plane
            uneven
Breaks in _______
 jagged surfaces
Color:
May be used to identify
   some
 ___________ minerals
many minerals have the
   same
 ___________color
some mineral...
Pigments:
Streak:
Color of the
 powder
 ______ of a
 mineral when
 crushed or
 scratched across
Crystal:
The appearance that
 results from the
 internal atomic
    arrangement
 _______________
HALITE (NaCl)




 FLUORITE (CaF2)
Common
minerals
And their uses:
Specific
Gravity:
Equal to
it’s _____
     density
Special
Properties:
•magnetis
   •Optical
      Double
         refraction
    •Radioactivity
•Fluorescen
   *Acid test
A mineral
containing
 calcite
________will
 “fizz” when
in contact
        acid
with ________
Using Your
    Reference Table:
You will be able to
 identify a mineral
 using the properties
 and characteristics
determines a
  minerals
    basic
 properties
 such as its
The internal

arrangement
   of the
 molecules
1. What
 properties are
 most important in
 identifying a
 mineral?
2. What property
 causes a mineral
 to break in a
 particular
 pattern?
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Sedimentary
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Sedimentary

1,171

Published on

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,171
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
73
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Sedimentary

  1. 1. Sedimentary rocks originate from:
  2. 2. water
  3. 3. Sedimentary rock forms layer a thin ____________ on top of existing rock.
  4. 4. SEDIMENTARY ROCK LAYERS: AZ
  5. 5. 1.CLASTIC Sediments cemented together
  6. 6. 2.BIOCLASTIC Remains of plants & animals
  7. 7. 3.CRYSTALLINE newly reformed mineral crystals
  8. 8. 1. CLASTIC Sedimentary Rock: Contain layers of particles (sediments) ______________ formed from the breakdown of other rocks ( weathering) ________
  9. 9. Characteristics of clastic sedimentary fragmental rock: (__________) A. Varied particle size B. Horizontal layers C. Formed in water
  10. 10. CONGLOMERATE MIXED PARTICLE SIZE
  11. 11. SEDIMENTARY LAYERS
  12. 12. Sedimentary rock is UNLIKE loose sediment because sediments have been
  13. 13. compressed ______________ and cemented ______________ together.
  14. 14. How do Sedimentary Rocks Form?
  15. 15. ___
  16. 16. Three examples of natural cement are: lime & silica & calcite
  17. 17. Classification of sedimentary rock is based on: Texture or Grain size
  18. 18. 2. BIOCLASTIC Sedimentary Rocks are formed by the accumulation of plant _________ or animal _________ remains
  19. 19. *Limestone is the Accumulation of Shells and animal skeletons (calcite)
  20. 20. BECOME BURIED COMPRESSED
  21. 21. GREAT BARRIER REEF MAY SOMEDAY BE LIMESTONE
  22. 22. CORAL REEF
  23. 23. *Coal is the remains of BECOME Coal Plants that BURIED accumulate in & layers and COMPRESSED FOR MILLIONS OF YEARS!!!!!!
  24. 24. THIN COAL LAYERS CLASTIC BIO-CLASTIC
  25. 25. 3. Crystalline sedimentary rocks are formed from minerals that WERE dissolved _______________ in water.
  26. 26. Minerals that were once dissolved are called: evaporites and precipitates
  27. 27. crystalline sedimentary rocks are made of only one mineral
  28. 28. and are called monomineralic
  29. 29. Examples include:
  30. 30. HALITE (SALT)
  31. 31. DOLOSTONE
  32. 32. CHALK CLIFFS: ENGLAND
  33. 33. CHALK
  34. 34. A fossil is evidence a rock is sedimentary _____________
  35. 35. Sedimentary Rock layers Near Albany New York
  36. 36. Fossil Collectors In action
  37. 37. Marine fossils in the limestone
  38. 38. A Waterfall weathering The rock
  39. 39. ru Running water at work again
  40. 40. Looking over a waterfall
  41. 41. Weathered layers of sedimentary rock
  42. 42. Roadcut …perfect place to Find fossils
  43. 43. Devonian fossils of marine life
  44. 44. Devonian Rooster coral
  45. 45. Fossil are rare in igneous and metamorphic rocks
  46. 46. USE YOUR REFERENCE TABELS TO ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-11
  47. 47. SEDIMENTARY ROCKS Clastic Bioclastic Crystalline
  48. 48. Rock Candy 1 Glass jar or drinking glass 1 Food coloring (optional) 1 Piece of cotton string 1 c Water 1 Pencil or stick 2 c Sugar 1 Paper clip Additional sugar Tie a short piece of cotton string to the middle of the pencil or stick. Attach a paper clip to the end of the string for a weight. Moisten the string very lightly, and roll in a bit of sugar (this will "attract" the sugar crystals from the syrup to the string). Place the pencil or stick over the top of the glass or jar with the string hanging down inside. Heat the water to boiling, and dissolve the 2 cups of sugar into it. For the biggest crystals FAST, heat the sugar-water solution a SECOND time, and dissolve as much additional sugar as you can into it. Add a few drops of food coloring to the solution if desired. Pour the solution into the prepared glass or jar and leave undisturbed for a couple of days. Depending on how much sugar you were able to dissolve into the water, you should start to see crystals growing in a few hours to a few days. Just Recipes: http://www.melborponsti.com/index.htm
  49. 49. Rocks, Minerals, & Resources
  50. 50. Rock and Mineral resources are Non-renewable
  51. 51. Conservation And Recycling are essential….
  52. 52. Re-duce Re-use Re-cycle
  53. 53. 1. The Lithosphere: Composed of ROCKS
  54. 54. 2. Rocks:of Composed MINERALS
  55. 55. 3. Minerals: Composed of ELEMENTS
  56. 56. Most Abundant Elements: Oxygen O Silicon Si
  57. 57. Minerals Containing these elements (oxygen & silicon) are known as: Silicates
  58. 58. MINERALS NONSILICATE MINERALS NATIVE ELEMENTS Elements are generally solitary (homogeneous). Do not combine with other elements in nature. Gold Gold (Au) Silver (Ag) Platinum (Pt) Diamond (C) Graphite (C) Sulfur (S) Copper Copper (Cu) Silver
  59. 59. MINERALS NONSILICATE MINERALS CARBONATES Bonds generally weak. Minerals are soft (3-4). CALCITE Minerals are soluble in acidic water. Leads to cave development. Calcite (CaCO3) Dolomite (CaMg(CO3)2) DOLOMITE
  60. 60. Minera ls: Naturally occurring inorganic solids definite: chemical composition, molecular structure & physical properties
  61. 61. The most common rock-formers: Listed on the reference tables see back page
  62. 62. MINERAL CHARACTERI STICS
  63. 63. Luster: Light Appearance of________ reflected from a minerals surface ® metallic ® non-metallic ® glassy, waxy, greasy, pearly,earthy, dull
  64. 64. Metallic
  65. 65. Non- Metallic glassy, waxy, greasy, pearly,earthy, dull
  66. 66. Hardness: Resistance to being ®SCRATCHED _________
  67. 67. Moh’s Scale of Hardness The scale is from 1-10 diamond is the hardest mineral
  68. 68. Hardness is due to the internal arrangement of the molecules or the Atoms
  69. 69. This mineral will be soft due to the loose arrangement of the molecules
  70. 70. This mineral will be hard due to the tight arrangement of the molecules
  71. 71. We will compare a minerals hardness to glass
  72. 72. If it scratches the glass It must be as hard or harder
  73. 73. Cleavage: Some minerals tend to break along one or more smooth surfaces
  74. 74. Cleavage is also due to : the internal arrangement of the molecules
  75. 75. ook at the patte patt It can tell you how the mineral might break
  76. 76. Fracture: When a mineral has no well-defined cleavage plane uneven Breaks in _______ jagged surfaces
  77. 77. Color: May be used to identify some ___________ minerals many minerals have the same ___________color some minerals come in many ___________ colors
  78. 78. Pigments:
  79. 79. Streak: Color of the powder ______ of a mineral when crushed or scratched across
  80. 80. Crystal: The appearance that results from the internal atomic arrangement _______________
  81. 81. HALITE (NaCl) FLUORITE (CaF2)
  82. 82. Common minerals And their uses:
  83. 83. Specific Gravity: Equal to it’s _____ density
  84. 84. Special Properties:
  85. 85. •magnetis •Optical Double refraction •Radioactivity •Fluorescen *Acid test
  86. 86. A mineral containing calcite ________will “fizz” when in contact acid with ________
  87. 87. Using Your Reference Table: You will be able to identify a mineral using the properties and characteristics
  88. 88. determines a minerals basic properties such as its
  89. 89. The internal arrangement of the molecules
  90. 90. 1. What properties are most important in identifying a mineral?
  91. 91. 2. What property causes a mineral to break in a particular pattern?
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×