Landscape Outline
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Landscape Outline

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Landscape Outline Landscape Outline Document Transcript

  • Name _______________________________________ Earth Science Landscape Development: A landscape refers to the general shape of a region on the Earth’s surface. The shape of a landscape is also known as its ___________________________ We describe landscape regions in terms of the: • ____________________________________________________________ • ____________________________________________________________ • ____________________________________________________________ • ____________________________________________________________ LANDSCAPE REGIONS: Landscape regions can be classified as one of the following:  ________________________________________________  ________________________________________________  ________________________________________________ List the characteristics of each type of landscape next to the diagrams: MOUNTAIN 1. ___________________________________ 2. ___________________________________ 3. ___________________________________ 4. ___________________________________ 5. ___________________________________
  • PLATEAU 1. ___________________________________ 2. ___________________________________ 3. ___________________________________ 4. ___________________________________ PLAINS 1. ___________________________________ 2. ___________________________________ 3. ___________________________________ Topography Depends on Several Factors:  __________________________________________________________  __________________________________________________________  __________________________________________________________  __________________________________________________________ The boundaries ( __________________________) between regions are distinct. Landscapes of New York State: New York State can be divided into several distinct landscape areas. See Pages _________ & __________ in your ESRT !!!
  • Use your reference table to fill in the landscape areas in the map below: Most of New York State soils are not residual, they are ____________ by ___________ Landscape Development: Landscape results from the opposing forces of _____________ and _______________ Uplift is often caused by ______________________ ________________________ The resulting geologic events include __________________, _____________________ _______________ & ___________________ which create _____________________ The most important leveling agent is erosion by ________________ ______________ Notice how the rock types weather differently. Differences in rock resistance creates varied & interesting landscapes. Which rock is least resistant? _____________________________ Other agents include ___________ &_________driven by the force of _____________
  • If uplifting forces have been dominant the landscape will be _____________________. If erosion has been dominant the landscape will be ______________ or ______________. If uplifting and leveling forces are in balance, the landscape is in _____________________________ ________________________________ The Influence of Climate on Landscape: Humid (moist) Arrid (dry) Slope Soil Type of Weathering A change in climate can also create an _____________ ___________ which leads to glaciers and glacial landscapes. Glacial Landscapes: Glaciers deposit ________________________ sediments. Bedrock acted upon by glaciers is generally polished and _______________ or striated by sediment in the ice. Glacial valleys are generally ________ shaped , while river valleys are ________shaped. Coastal Landscapes:
  • Are primarily affected by the action of _________________and ________________ The bedrock of an area will cause streams to drain in a pattern that can be seen from overhead. Theses are called _______________________ _____________________ Match the geologic structures below To the drainage patterns they would create. D: ______________________: ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ C: ______________________: ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ A:_______________________: ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ B:_______________________: ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ The maturity of a landscape depends upon the portion of the land that has been worn down to or near ______________________ _________________________.
  • The 3 stages of landscape maturity ( describe each diagram) 1. ___________________________________ 2. ___________________________________ 3. ___________________________________ 4. ___________________________________ 1. ___________________________________ 2. ___________________________________ 3. ___________________________________ 4. ___________________________________ 1. ___________________________________ 2. ___________________________________ 3. ___________________________________ 4. ___________________________________ - _________________ can cause old landscapes to be rejuvenated back to young again. The Influence of Humans: Through the use of ___________________________ humans have been able to alter the shape of the land. We can make changes in the landscape in a ___________ that would take nature hundreds of years to achieve. It could also take hundreds of years to remedy the __________________________ effects of technology. Environmental planning and conservation can help to preserve our soil, water, and air.
  • Name: _________________________ Period:_____________ Date:_______________ Review Questions: Use the two New York State Maps on pages 2 and 3 of your Reference Tables to answer the following questions: 1. Which of the landscape regions occupies the greatest area in New York State? 2. In which landscape region can you find the finger lakes? 3. In which landscape region can you find Mt. Marcy? 4. List 5 cities that are located in the Allegheny Plateau: 5. List 3 cities that are located in the Erie-Ontario Lowlands: 6. Which landscape region is the youngest? 7. What is the distance between Mt. Marcy and Slide Mt. In Miles and Kilometers? ________________miles _______________Kilometers Geologic time period the Dominant rock type Landscape Region Region was formed (classification) Erie-Ontario Lowlands Adirondack Mountains Tug Hill Plateau Hudson-Mohawk Lowlands Newark Lowlands Atlantic Coastal Plain Allegheny Plateau