E twinning Shakesp eareRomeo & Juliet 5th Gymnasium of Serres
• Forbidden Love and Family Loyalty Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy.In a tragedy many of the main characters die.
“Romeo & Juliet”IntroductionWritten in 1599,Romeo and Juliet is a tragedywritten early in the career ofWilliam Shakespeare about twoyoung lovers whose deaths Shakespearultimately unite their feudingfamilies. It was amongShakespeares most popularplays during his lifetime and,along with Hamlet, is one of hismost frequently performedplays. Today, the title charactersare regarded as archetypalyoung lovers.
Romeo and Juliet tells thestory of two young loverswho fall deeply in love anddo everythingthey can to be together.
ProloguThe Chorus setse the up mood by telling the audience in the form of a sonnet that there is a feud between two families in Verona, a town in Italy. Amidst the warring sides, two "star- crossd lovers" will die for love of one another, and it is only their deaths that will bring peace to Verona.
Montague CapuletLord Lady Lord Capulet Lady CapuletMontague Montague Romeo JulietMercutio Benvolio Paris Tybalt Friar Lawrence Nurse
The Montagues Lord and Lady Montague – Romeo’s parents Romeo Montague Balthasar and Abram – servants tothe MontaguesMercutio – Friend of Romeo and relativeof the Prince
The CapuletsLord and Lady Capulet – Juliets parentsJuliet CapuletNurse – Juliets attendantTybalt – cousin to JulietSampson and Gregory – servants to the Capulets
Romeo• The only son of Montague and Lady Montague.• Romeo is a teenager filled with sensitivity, intellect, and very handsome.• Because of his young age, he is somewhat immature and implusive, but because of his passionate ways he is a very likeable character.
Romeo• At the beginning of the play he is in love with a lady named Rosaline, but once he sees Juliet he falls in love with her and forgets about Rosaline.• Nothing else besides being with Juliet matters to Romeo, especially the family feud.• He will stop at nothing to be with her for eternity.
Juliet• The beautiful aristocratic daughter of Lord and Lady Capulet.• She quickly falls in love with Romeo, the son of her family’s rival family.• Juliet is very close to her nurse and confides in her about her love for Romeo.• Juliet is supposed to marry Paris and she is determined to not allow that to happen.
Romeo and Juliet SummaryLong ago in the city of Verona, lived two noble families, theCapulets and the Montagues. For as long as anyone couldremember, there was much hatred between the two families.Romeo, the son of Montague, was the only one who wanted tomake peace.Romeo reveals that he is in love with a woman namedRosaline.
One day, Romeo heard there was going to be a feast at the house of Capulet. He decided to go, but in disguise so that no one would know who he was. When Romeo arrived there, he looked around the room, and caught sight of a girl so beautiful that he could think of nothing else. When he found out that she was Juliet, Capulets daughter, he was stunned. Juliet also fell in love with the young man. When she When Romeo and Juliet meet, they fall in love and heard that he was Romeo, the had their first kiss behind the only son of Montague, she curtain near the candles. could hardly believe her Later, Juliets mom takes her misfortune. "My only love away. sprung from my only hate!" she said.
Later that night, Romeowas walking past theCapulets’ garden when hesuddenly stopped. "Can Igo forward when my love ishere?" He decided to climbover the wall and meetJuliet. Then he saw herstanding on the balcony.Juliet had not seen him."Romeo, Romeo!" she saidto herself. "Why are youRomeo? Refuse yourname and Ill no longer bea Capulet". Romeo wasfilled with joy.
The Balcony Scene“Romeo, Romeo, Wherefore art thou Romeo?” Remember: Wherefore means “Why”
Romeo and Juliet confessed their love to each other.
The next day, Romeo and Juliet are married by Friar Lawrence; an event witnessed by Juliet’s Nurse and Romeo’s loyal servant, Balthasar. They plan to meet in Juliet’s chambers that night.
While Romeo was coming back from thesecret wedding, he came across Tybalt,Juliets cousin, who had been arguing withRomeos friend Mercutio.In the fight that followed, Tybalt killedMercutio and then fell dead from Romeossword. Romeo had to escape from the cityof Verona.
Friar Lawrence informs Romeo that he has been banished from Verona and will be killed if he stays. The Friar suggests Romeo spend the night with Juliet, then leave for Mantua in the morning. He tells Romeo that he will attempt to settle the Capulet and Montague dispute so Romeo can later return to a united family. Romeo takes his advice, spending one night with Juliet before fleeing Verona.
• Juliet’s mother, completely unaware of her daughters secret marriage to Romeo, informs Juliet that she will marry a man named Paris in a few days.• Juliet, outraged, refuses to comply.• She asks Friar Lawrence for advice, insisting she would rather die than marry Paris. Fr. Lawrence gives Juliet a poison which will make her appear dead and tells her to take it the night before the wedding. He promises to send word to Romeo - intending the two lovers be reunited.
Juliet drinks the poison andeverybody assumes that she isdead — including Balthasar, whoimmediately tells Romeo. FriarLawrence’s letter fails to reachRomeo, so he assumes that hiswife is dead.
The next day, Juliet was found lifeless in her bedroom. When Romeo heard the bad news, he believed Juliet was really dead because the priest’s letter had not reached him by an unfortunate accident.
He could not live without her. Theonly thing he wanted was to die nextto Juliet. He rushes to Juliet’stomband, in deep grief, drinks a vial ofpoison.
A few minutes later, Juliet woke up andrealised what had happened. She took Romeo’sdagger and stabbed herself. When the truestory of Romeo and Juliet was made known,their families decided to put an end to theirhatred.
Moments later, Juliet wakes to findRomeo dead and kills herself due to grief.
Once the families discover what happened, they finally end their bitter feud. Thus the youngsters deaths bring the families together. Romeo And Juliet is a true tragedy in the literary sense because the families gather sufficient self- knowledge to correct their behavior but not until it is too late to save the situation.The Reconciliation of the Montagues and Capulets over the Dead
The Reconciliation of the Montagues and Capuletsover the Dead
Themes Death DarknessViolence & LightFate Marriage Love
Fate Romeo and Juliet are ―star-crossed‖—that is to say that fate ontrols them). This sense of fate permeates the play, and not just for the audience. The characters also are quite aware of it: Romeo and Juliet constantly see omens. The mechanism of fate works in all of the events surrounding the lovers: The feud between their families (it is worth noting that this hatred is never explained; rather, the reader must accept it as an undeniable aspect of the world of the play); The tragic timing of Romeo’s suicide and Juliet’s awakening. These events are not mere coincidences, but rather manifestations of fate that help bring about the unavoidable outcome of the young lovers’ deaths.