Geography of Greece• Greece is a smallcountry in Europe.• The main part ofGreece in on apeninsula.• The rest of Greeceis made up ofislands.
Greece is a country that has to present many famous Greek people known for theirachievements and their influence to the civilization of the country in differentdomains.
It would be an opportunity to read some informationabout these people and get to know them better notbecause they are Greeks but because they offeredsomething to the humanity as a whole.
Socrates 470 - 339 B.C.• Socrates was aphilosopher of AncientGreece.• Socrates is considered asthe original founder ofWestern Philosophy.• Socrates taught by askingquestions. This methodof questioning is stillcalled the Socraticmethod.The Death of Socrates by Jacques-Louis David, 1787
Plato 427 - 347 B.C.• Plato was a student of Socrates.• He started a school called The Academy.• Plato’s writing took the form of a dialogue between teacherand student.
Aristotle 384 - 322 B.C.• Aristotle was another Greek philosopher and student ofPlato.• He wrote about science, art, law, poetry, and government.
He wrote narrative poems, epicsSuch as the Iliad (Trojan War)and the Odyssey (journey home)Homer was one of thegreatest early Greek poets.Legend has it that he wasblind and recited his poemsas he traveled from oneplace to another.
Famous early historianWrote The History giving us aglimpse into early Greekhistory.Known as the “Father of History”
Diplomat, politicianFounder of democracy in Athens(wrote Athenian constitution)
MathematicianMost famous for proving the Pythagorean Theorem a2 + b2 =c2regarding right trianglesHe had many followers
Great physicianKnown as the“Father of Medicine”
Euclid was a Greek mathematician and is oftenreferred to as the Father of Geometry.
Archimedes was a Greekmathematician, physicist,engineer, inventor, andastronomer. He is generallyconsidered to be thegreatest mathematician ofantiquity and one of thegreatest of all time.
Alexander the Great (356 -323 B.C.)• Alexander the Great was the son of King Phillip II of Macedonia.• Alexander conquered Persia, Egypt, the Middle East and Northern India.• He died at age 33• Alexander the Great is probably the most famous Greek personality ever. Hislife has yet become a legend and he is probably the most discussed militaryman ever. His short life was full of adventures, conquests and experiences
Aristotle Onassis is probably the most famous Greek businessmanand he was considered one of the richest man in the world. In1957 he founded Olympic Airways, the Greek nationalairline company.
Eleftherios Venizelos, was a Greek revolutionary, a prominent statesman as wellas a charismatic leader in the early 20th century. Elected several times as PrimeMinister of Greece, serving from 1910 to 1920 and from 1928 to 1932, Venizeloshad such profound influence on the internal and external affairs of Greece thathe is credited with being "the maker of modern Greece“.
El Greco, as he is widely known, has been a painter,sculptor, and architect of the Spanish Renaissance.
He was the first Greek to be honoured with the NobelPrize of Literature in 1963. His poems have been widelytranslated
Elytis is one of the most important representatives of modernism inGreece and was awarded with the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1979.His work is translated in many languages and his bookssold millions of copies around the globe.
“I hope that the Parthenon Marbles will return inGreece before I die. But even if they return later, I willbe reborn.”A Greek actress, singer and politician.
Manos Hadjidakis, one of the greatest composers ofGreece
“Singing was not a reason to make a living. This is the onlything I wanted to do.”Nana Mouskouri is a very famous Greek singer. Her songs had a great successall over the world and she recorded many of them in different languages,including Greek, French, English, Spanish, Italian, German, Latin, Portugueseand Japanese among others.
"I hope for nothing. I fear nothing. I am free"Some of his most famous novels areZorba the Greek (1946), ChristRecrucified (1948), Captain Michalis andthe Last Temptation of Christ (1951).Nikos Kazantzakis (1883-1957) was one ofthe most important and talented Greekwriters and philosophers of the 20thcentury. His work includes essays, novels,poems, travelogues and translations ofclassic works
Based on Zorba the Greek, Mihalis Cacoyannis has created amovie at which the title character was played by Anthony Quinn.
Mikis Theodorakis is perhaps the most important Greek musiccomposer of the 20th century, and one of the most significant inthe world.
La DivinaShe is one of the most famous dramatic coloratura sopranos andperhaps the best-known opera singer of the twentieth century. In2007, Callas was posthumously awarded the GrammyLifetime Achievement Award.She is mostly called "La Divina"
A giver of lifeGeorgios Papanicolaouwas a Greek pioneer in cytopathology and early cancer detection,and inventor of the "Pap test".
Spyros Louis was aGreek water-carrier whowon the first modern-dayOlympic marathon at the1896 Summer Olympics,thereby becoming a nationalhero.
Pyrros Dimas is considered thebest Greek weightlifter of alltime!