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# Basic Electronics

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### Basic Electronics

1. 1. Basic Electronics Resistors Bukit View Secondary School Design & Technology Mr Siraj S.H / Mr Ong Soon Gee
2. 2. <ul><li>Resistors determine the flow of current in an electrical circuit. </li></ul>Where the resistance is low the flow of current is large . Where there is high resistance in a circuit the flow of current is small.
3. 3. Ohm’s Law <ul><li>( I ) Current is what flows on a wire or conductor like water flowing down a river. Current flows from negative to positive on the surface of a conductor. Current is measured in (A) amperes or amps. ( V ) Voltage is the difference in electrical potential between two points in a circuit. It's the push or pressure behind current flow through a circuit, and is measured in (V) volts. ( R ) Resistance determines how much current will flow through a component. Resistors are used to control voltage and current levels. A very high resistance allows a small amount of current to flow. A very low resistance allows a large amount of current to flow. Resistance is measured in ohms. </li></ul>Resistance is defined as the ratio of the potential difference (voltage) across a conductor, to the current flowing through it.
4. 4. R= V/I A Current I V Voltage V Ω Resistance R SI Unit Name Symbol
5. 5. <ul><li>Resistors are used to regulate current in a circuit. </li></ul><ul><li>Resistors are found in almost every electronic circuit. The most common type of resistor consists of a small ceramic (clay) tube covered partially by a conducting carbon film . </li></ul><ul><li>The composition of the carbon determines how much current can pass through . </li></ul><ul><li>Resistors are too small to have numbers printed on them and so they are marked with a number of coloured bands . </li></ul><ul><li>Each colour stands for a number. Three colour bands shows the resistors value in ohms and the fourth shows tolerance . </li></ul><ul><li>Resistors can never be made to a precise value and the tolerance band (the fourth band) tells us, using a percentage, how close the resistor is to its coded value . </li></ul>
6. 6. The standard resistor color code table: <embed src=&quot;http://www.metacafe.com/fplayer/yt-kvQBhXo_tF0/resistor_color_codes.swf&quot; width=&quot;400&quot; height=&quot;345&quot; wmode=&quot;transparent&quot; pluginspage=&quot;http://www.macromedia.com/go/getflashplayer&quot; type=&quot;application/x-shockwave-flash&quot; allowFullScreen=&quot;true&quot; allowScriptAccess=&quot;always&quot; name=&quot;Metacafe_yt-kvQBhXo_tF0&quot;> </embed><br><font size = 1><a href=&quot;http://www.metacafe.com/watch/yt-kvQBhXo_tF0/resistor_color_codes/&quot;>Resistor Color Codes</a> - <a href=&quot;http://www.metacafe.com/&quot;>The most popular videos are a click away</a></font> Press here to play video ±20% (M)         None ±10% (K) ×0.01       Silver ±5% (J) ×0.1       Gold   ×10 9 9 9 9 White ±0.05% (A) ×10 8 8 8 8 Gray ±0.1% (B) ×10 7 7 7 7 Violet ±0.25%(C) ×10 6 6 6 6 Blue ±0.5% (D) ×10 5 5 5 5 Green   ×10 4 4 4 4 Yellow   ×10 3 3 3 3 Orange ±2% (G) ×10 2 2 2 2 Red ±1% (F) ×10 1 1 1 1 Brown   ×10 0 0 0 0 Black Tolerance Multiplier 3rd digit* 2nd digit 1st digit Color
7. 7. <ul><li>Resistors can be connected together in two ways; series and parallel </li></ul><ul><li>1. Resistors in SERIES – </li></ul><ul><li>When resistors are connected in series, their values are added together:  R total=R1+R2   </li></ul>For example: 1K+1K+3K9=5K9 (total value)
8. 8. <ul><li>2. Resistors in PARALLEL </li></ul><ul><li>When resistors are connected in parallel, their total resistance is given as:   </li></ul><ul><li>1/Rtotal = 1/R1 + 1/R2   </li></ul>For example: 1/Rtotal = 1/1K + 1/1K = 0.5K or 500 ohms OR = R1 x R2       R1 +R2        = 1 x 1 = 1        1 +1  = 2  =  0.5k