The expansion of Christian Kingdoms

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The expansion of Christian Kingdoms

  1. 1. <ul><li>The Muslims conquered the entire Iberian Peninsula except for Cantabria and the Pyreness. </li></ul><ul><li>Many Visigoths took refuge in these areas. </li></ul><ul><li>They founded Christian kingdoms between the 8th an 9th centuries. </li></ul><ul><li>The Christian kingdoms coexisted with Al-Andalus for eight hundred years. </li></ul><ul><li>Christian kingdoms and Al-andalus traded together, but they also fought. </li></ul>11th century Walls of Avila http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com Medieval Kingdoms in Spain Christian Resistance
  2. 2. <ul><li>The kingdom emerged in the half of the 8th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Pelayo was their king. </li></ul><ul><li>Pelayo won the Muslims in 722 (Battle of Covadonga). </li></ul><ul><li>The court was in Oviedo. </li></ul><ul><li>Burgos, Zamora and Coimbra joined the Kigdom in the 9th century with Alfonso III. </li></ul><ul><li>The Kingdom of Asturias became the Kingdom of León in the 10th century. </li></ul><ul><li>León became the capital city. </li></ul>Asturias and León http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com
  3. 3. <ul><li>Muslims attacked León, under the Caliphate of Córdoba. </li></ul><ul><li>Castile provided defence against Muslim attacks. </li></ul><ul><li>León began to decline at the end of the 10th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Castile became an independent kingdom (1035). </li></ul>Christian territories in the Pyrenees at the end of the 10th century http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com Castile
  4. 4. <ul><li>The kingdom of Navarre, the Aragonese counties and the Catalan counties formed the Pyrenean region. </li></ul><ul><li>1. THE KINGDOM OF NAVARRE </li></ul><ul><li>Sancho III the Great, (1000-1035) belonging to the Jimena disnasty was the most powerful Christian king on the Peninsula. </li></ul><ul><li>Until he died, his kingdom included: the Aragonese counties, Castile and part of León. </li></ul><ul><li>2. THE ARAGONESE COUNTIES </li></ul><ul><li>It came under the rule of the kingdom of Navarre in 922. </li></ul><ul><li>It achieved independence after the death of Sancho III. </li></ul><ul><li>3. THE CATALAN COUNTIES </li></ul><ul><li>They consolidated its independence in the 10th century. </li></ul>Burial stone of Sancho III http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com The Pyrenean region
  5. 5. The Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com Expansion of the Christian kingdoms <ul><li>1. REPOPULATION: </li></ul><ul><li>Groups of peasants colonised the land and formed small villages. </li></ul><ul><li>They advanced south to the river Duero valley. (9th and 10th centuries. </li></ul><ul><li>2. TAIFAS: </li></ul><ul><li>Al-Andalus was divided into Taifas. </li></ul><ul><li>They were not very strong. </li></ul><ul><li>Christian kingdoms expanded to the south. </li></ul><ul><li>Portugal and Castile extended </li></ul><ul><li>beyond the river Tajo. </li></ul><ul><li>Aragón conquered Zaragoza and Teruel. </li></ul><ul><li>Catalonia extended to Tortosa. </li></ul><ul><li>3. NAVAS DE TOLOSA: </li></ul><ul><li>Muslims lost the battle of Las Navas de Tolosa (1212) </li></ul><ul><li>This event opened Al-andalus to the Christian armies. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>http://counter-factual.net/upload/showthread.php?t=11525 </li></ul><ul><li>http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/90/Kingdom_of_Leon_1037.svg/250px-Kingdom_of_Leon_1037.svg.png </li></ul><ul><li>http://iesalminares.wikispaces.com/AL-ANDALUS+-CCSS </li></ul><ul><li>http :// bilinguesauces.blogspot.com / search / label /6. %20Christian%20Kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.allempires.com/forum/forum_posts.asp?TID=28317 </li></ul>http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com References

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