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Tenses

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  • 1. Don’t forget the auxiliary in the present simple: DO / DOES Don’t forget the verb TO BE in the present continuous: AM / IS /ARE Present simple vs. Present continuous now right now at the moment today Am I intelligent? Is he intelligent? I am not / I’m not playing football He is not / isn’t playing football I am playing football He is playing football PRESENT CONTINUOUS sometimes never always often rarely everyday on+day of the week at weekends Do I play football? Do es he play football? I do not / don’t play football He do es not / doesn’t play football I play football He play s football PRESENT SIMPLE ADVERBS AND EXPRESSIONS INTERROGATIVE NEGATIVE AFFIRMATIVE TENSE www.telefonica.net/web2/angelaruizmontero
  • 2. Don’t forget the auxiliary in the past simple: DID Don’t forget the verb TO BE in the past continuous: WAS / WERE Past simple vs. Past continuous at (+time) while as Was he intelligent? Were they intelligent? He was not / He wasn’t playing football They were not / weren’t playing football He was playing football They were playing football PAST CONTINUOUS yesterday last (+day, month…) (days, months…) +ago when Did I play football? Did I go to the cinema? I did not / didn’t play football I did not / didn’t go to the cinema I played football I went to the cinema (2nd column) PAST SIMPLE ADVERBS AND EXPRESSIONS INTERROGATIVE NEGATIVE AFFIRMATIVE TENSE www.telefonica.net/web2/angelaruizmontero
  • 3. IRREGULAR VERBS: Past simple: 2nd column Present Perfect: 3rd column Present perfect vs. Past simple ever never just since for already yet Have I played football? Ha s he played football? I have not / haven’t played football He ha s not / hasn’t played football I have played football He ha s played football PRESENT PERFECT yesterday last (+day, month…) (days, months…) +ago when Did I play football? Did I go to the cinema? I did not / didn’t play football I did not / didn’t go to the cinema I played football I went to the cinema (2nd column) PAST SIMPLE ADVERBS AND EXPRESSIONS INTERROGATIVE NEGATIVE AFFIRMATIVE TENSE written wrote write PRESENT PERFECT PAST SIMPLE INFINITIVE www.telefonica.net/web2/angelaruizmontero
  • 4. WILL is used to express the future in a general sense. We use BE GOING TO when we are sure or when we have made plans. Will vs. Be going to tomorrow next (+week, month…) I’m sure plan decide Is he going to study Maths at university? He is not / isn’t going to study Maths at university He is going to study Maths at university FUTURE (BE GOING TO) tomorrow next (+week, month…) think believe predict hope Will she go to the cinema? She will not /won’t go to the cinema She will go to the cinema FUTURE (WILL) ADVERBS AND EXPRESSIONS INTERROGATIVE NEGATIVE AFFIRMATIVE TENSE www.telefonica.net/web2/angelaruizmontero
  • 5. Let's practise:
    • A. Write the verbs in brackets in the correct tense:
    • The train .......... (arrive) an hour ago.
    • She .......... (read) at the moment.
    • .......... (watch) TV when the phone .......... (ring).
    • He .......... (just / finish) all his exams.
    • I .......... (know) John since we were at school.
    • I .......... (not watch) television every night.
    • The people .......... (clap) while the singer .......... (sing).
    • I think they .......... (be) very happy together.
    • They .......... (not / reply) to our question yet.
    • .......... (You work) now?
    • She .......... (see) her parents every week.
    • I .......... (not study) at the moment.
    • .......... (she / play) tennis at weekends?
    • They’ve made plans for the campaign. They .......... design) posters.
    • We .......... (go) to the concert when we .......... (see) the accident.
    • Tom .......... (just / finish) his book.
    • I .......... (never / be) to South America.
    • How long .......... (you / study) English?
    • People believe that global warming .......... (get) worse.
    • She’s decided that she .......... (give) them a thousand pounds.
    www.telefonica.net/web2/angelaruizmontero
  • 6.
    • B. Write the correct auxiliary verb: am, is, are, was, were, do, does, did, have, has, will.
    • He ………. playing the guitar at the moment.
    • Jackie ………. lived in Paris for a few months.
    • Which sports ………. he like?
    • They ………. travelled all over the world.
    • Peter ………. going to fly to London next Thursday.
    • Do you think the current government ………. change soon?
    • Jane ………. doing her homework when I came home last night.
    • When ………. you arrive last night?
    • I ………. watching TV right now.
    • They ………. listening to the radio at the moment.
    • ……… . you ever been to Rome?
    • She ………. just finished her homework.
    • They ………. go to New York next summer.
    • We ………. having lunch when they arrived.
    • I ……….. not go to the cinema yesterday.
    • ……… . You ever met someone famous?
    • I ………. having coffee when she arrived.
    • I think she ………. pass her exams.
    • We’ve made plans for the summer. We ………. going to travel around the world.
    • What time ………. you arrive tonight?
    www.telefonica.net/web2/angelaruizmontero
  • 7.
    • C. Write in the correct column.
    • She is playing – She plays – She isn’t going to play - She played – She has played Did she play? She doesn’t play? Does she play? – She hasn’t played - She didn’t play – Is she going to play? She isn’t playing? – Is she playing? - She will play – She won’t play – Will she play? – Has she played? – She isn’t playing – She was playing – She wasn’t playing – She is going to play
    BE GOING TO WILL PRESENT PERFECT PAST CONTINUOUS PAST SIMPLE PRESENT CONTINUOUS PRESENT SIMPLE INTERROGATIVE NEGATIVE AFFIRMATIVE www.telefonica.net/web2/angelaruizmontero
  • 8. D. Write in the correct column: think - plan – decide - sometimes – believe - right now – yesterday – while - last (+day, month…) - when – already - never – since - always – as - often – for - rarely – yet - everyday – predict - at the moment - on+day of the week - at weekends - (days, months…) +ago - now - today - at (+time) – ever – just – tomorrow - next (+week, month…) – hope - I’m sure BE GOING TO WILL PRESENT PERFECT PAST CONTINUOUS PAST SIMPLE PRESENT CONTINUOUS PRESENT SIMPLE www.telefonica.net/web2/angelaruizmontero