Romanesque art in Spain

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Romanesque in Spain easily explained for 2nd ESO students.

Romanesque in Spain easily explained for 2nd ESO students.

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  • 1. Romanesque in Spain Avila Cathedral Walls St Paul del Camp (Barcelona) San Millan (Segovia) San Clemente (Segovia)
  • 2. Romanesque first developed in Spain in the 10th and 11th centuries, in Lérida, Barcelona, Tarragona and Huesca. It is called “First Romanesque”or "Lombard Romanesque". Sant Climent de Taüll, Vall de Bohí
  • 3. It is a very primitive style, whose characteristics are thick stone walls , lack of sculpture and the presence of ornamental archs . Romanesque  cloister  wall  of the Monastery of Sant Cugat del Valles Ornamental archs Thick stone walls Romanesque ruins in Soria Lack of images
  • 4. The full Romanesque architecture arrived with the influence of Cluny through the Way of Saint James, that ends in the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela .  Despite its Baroque facade, the present cathedral of Santiago de Compostela is predominantly Romanesque. Its construction began in 1060 and was completed in 1211 . “El Portico de la Gloria” is a masterwork of Romanesque sculpture built by Master Mateo .
  • 5. The model of the Spanish Romanesque in the 12th century was the Cathedral of Jaca, with its characteristic plan and apse, and its "chessboard" decoration in stripes, called  taqueado jaqués . Cathedral of Jaca (Huesca) Taqueado Jaqués
  • 6. As the Christian Kingdoms advanced, this model spread throughout the reconquered areas with some variations. Spanish Romanesque also shows the influence of Spanish pre-Romanesque styles , mainly Asturian and Mozarabic. But there is also a strong Moorish influence , especially the vaults of Córdoba’s Mosque, and the multifoil arches. Barrel vault Multifoil arch
  • 7. In the 13th century, some churches alternated in style between Romanesque and Gothic. Aragón, Navarra and Castile-Leon are some of the best areas for Spanish Romanesque architecture. Collegiate Church, Toro (Zamora) The Collegiate Church was built during the course of the 12th and 13th centuries. The combination of Romanesque and Gothic styles make the building especially attractive.
  • 8. http :// / wiki / Spanish_architecture#Romanesque_period References