PEDRO ANTONIO MUÑOZ BURGOS IES Pedro Espinosa (Antequera)
ORIGINS The name derives from the Old English 'hallowed' meaning holy or sanctified and is now usually contracted to the more familiar word Halloween. The word itself, "Halloween," actually has its origins in the Catholic Church. It comes from a contracted corruption of All Hallows Eve. November 1, "All Hollows Day" (or "All Saints Day"), is a Catholic day of observance in honor of saints. But, in the 5th century BC, in Celtic Ireland, summer officially ended on October 31. The holiday was called Samhain (pronounced sow-in), which means "end of summer", the Celtic New year.
WHERE IS IT CELEBRATED? Around the world, especially in: Ireland United States and Canada England Wales Australia and New Zealand Isle of Man
WHAT DO PEOPLE DO ON HOLIDAY? And they say: ‘trick or treat?’ On Halloween, people dress as ghosts, witches, skeletons... People go to the houses, they ask some sweets, money...
SUPERSTITIONS OF HALLOWEEN Black cats bring you good luck. On Halloween, journeys must be finished before sunset . A piece of bread crossed with salt (holy bread with witch-repellent salt) was carried in the pockets of travellers to keep them safe. People believed that the Devil was a nut-gatherer. At Halloween, nuts were used as magic charms. Take a candle and look into a mirror whilst combing your hair or eating an apple. Your future husband will appear peeking over your shoulder. If you slice an apple through the equator (to reveal the five-pointed star within) and then eat it by candlelight before your mirror, your future spouse will appear over your shoulder.
About 99% of pumpkins sold are used as Jack O’ Lanterns at Halloween. FACTS ABOUT HALLOWEEN The biggest pumpkin in the world tipped the scales at a whopping 1446 pounds. This gigantic gourd was weighed in October 2004 at a pumpkin festival in Port Elgin, Ontario, Canada. The record for the fastest pumpkin carver in the world is Jerry Ayers of Baltimore, Ohio. He carved a pumpkin in just 37 seconds! When the Romans conquered England, they merged Samhain with their own festival, a harvest festival called Poloma, and a celebration for the dead called Feralia.
The tradition of dressing in costume for Halloween has both European and Celtic roots. On Halloween, when it was believed that ghosts came back to the earthly world, people thought that they would encounter ghosts if they left their homes. To avoid being recognized by these ghosts, people would wear masks when they left their homes after dark so that the ghosts would mistake them for fellow spirits. HALLOWEEN COSTUMES Halloween costumes are traditionally those of monsters such as ghosts , skeletons , witches , and devils . Costumes are also based on themes other than traditional horror, such as those of characters from television shows , movies , and other pop culture icons.