Gothic art in Andalusia
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Gothic art in Andalusia






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Gothic art in Andalusia Gothic art in Andalusia Presentation Transcript

  • Gothic Art in Andalusia Almería Baeza Almería
    • After the Christian Kingdoms slowly recovered the territories occupied by the Muslims, Mosques were turn into churches. New churches were built too.
    • Churches at that period usually had three naves, pointed arches, apses, gothic fronts and Mudéjar decorations in façades.
    • Late 14th century: some cathedrals are built. Jaén, Úbeda, Baeza, Jerez, Utrera, Carmona, Andújar.
    • The most important building in Andalusia at that time was the Cathedral of Seville.
    • In the 16th century the most important building was The Cathedral of Almeria with an interesting combination of gothic and reinassance elements. Gothic Cathedrals Úbeda Jerez
    • Lorenzo Mercadante: Baptism and Birth Façades
    • Pieter Dancart: Seville Altarpiece Sculpture Birth Façade (Sevilla) Baptism Façade (Sevilla)
    • García Fernández (late 14th century – early 15th century)
    • Pedro de Toledo, Juan Sánchez de Castro and Juan Núñez (first quarter 15th century) were greatly influenced by flamenca painting. Painting The Pietá by Juan Núñez St. Anthony and St. Cristopher by Juan Sánchez de Castro
    • It is the largest Gothic cathedral and the third largest church in the world.
    • The cathedral was built to demonstrate Seville's wealth, as it had become a major trading center in the years after the Reconquista in 1248.
    • In July 1401 it was decided to build a new temple, as the ancient Muslim mosque was in bad shape after a 1356 earthquake.
    • The interior has the longest nave in Spain. Its central nave is 42 metres high and is very decorated, with a large quantity of gold.
    • The main body of the cathedral is also dominated by an enormous Gothic altarpiece of carved scenes from the life of Christ. The altarpiece was made by Pieter Dancart. Seville Cathedral
  • Seville Cathedral Pieter Dancart Altarpiece
  • Seville Cathedral Flying buttress The cathedral’s ceiling Stone sculpture
    • Its construction started in 1184 and lasted for twelve years.
    • When completed in 1196, the top of the tower didn't look like it does today.
    • It was used to call Moors to prayer and also as an astronomical observatory.
    • In 1198 four brightly *polished *copper spheres were added by the Moors to the top of the tower.
    • When the copper spheres were destroyed by an earthquake in 1356, they were replaced (in 1400 A.D.) by Christian religious features (cross and bell).
    • The present bell room at the top was added to the tower in 1560.
    Giralda Tower *polished – pulido, brillante *copper - cobre
  • http :// / ALMER%C3%8DA / Catedral_de_Almeria / Naves_bovedas_columnas.htm http :// / wiki / Seville_Cathedral http :// /2009/10/escultura- gotica - espanola -s- xv - lorenzo.html http :// /2008/09/ lorenzo -mercadante-de- bretaa.html http :// /2010/02/semana-de- andalucia -plateado- jaen _26. html http :// / sevilla / giralda.htm References