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Excursion to Bobastro and Teba
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Excursion to Bobastro and Teba

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    Excursion to Bobastro and Teba Excursion to Bobastro and Teba Presentation Transcript

    • Excursion to the ruins of the city of Bobastro and to the castle of Teba Manuel Chacón and Anthony Fernández http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com
    • BOBASTRO The city which rebelled against the Emirs of Córdoba (IX-X centuries) http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com
    • Umar ibn Hafsun , a muslim of Hispanic-Visigoth origin… … lead a rebellion against the Arabs of Córdoba during the 2nd half of the IX century http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com
    • Umar ibn Hafsun , a muslim of Hispanic-Visigoth origin… … lead a rebellion against the Arabs of Córdoba during the 2nd half of the IX century http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com
    • From Bobastro they attacked the troops of the Emirs of Córdoba... … and the Emiral armies tried to capture him several times without success! http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com
    • Umar ibn Hafsun and his followers reached their maximum strength in 892 AD Their realms included part of the actual provinces of Cádiz, Málaga, Córdoba and Jaén http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com
    • Umar and his army attacked Córdoba, but they were defeated in Poley (today Aguilar de la Frontera ). Two thousand Christian-Mozarab prisioners were executed by Emir forces… http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com
    • In 899 Umar converted to Christianity, the faith of his ancestors, with the name of ‘Samuel’. He even built a church in Bobastro , the only Mozarabic church that remains in Andalusia until our days. His muslim allies (Muladies and Berbers) abandoned him after this… http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com
    • Umar (or Samuel) and his friends remained independent, resisting in the now Mozarab city of Bobastro for many years… His sons led the city after he died of natural causes in 917 AD http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com
    • Umar (or Samuel) and his friends remained independent, resisting in the now Mozarab city of Bobastro for many years… His sons led the city after he died of natural causes in 917 AD http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com
    • The Abderraman victory was so important that it unified Al-Andalus and it was proclaimed a Caliphate in 929 AD But while Bobastro was entertaining Córdoba, the Christian kingdoms of the north managed to be consolidated and initiate the Reconquest of Hispania … http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com
    • The Castle of Teba … one of the most majestic medieval fortress in the north of the province of Malaga (XIII-XV centuries) http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com
    • It is believed that the first fort was built in Roman times although the actual castle is a combination of the Almohade and Castilian times http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com
    • It is believed that the first fort was built in Roman times although the actual castle is a combination of the Almohade and Castilian times http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com
    • After the Battle of Navas de Tolosa (1212) and the reconquest of Jaén, Córdoba and Seville by the kingdoms of  Castile and Leon  (1236 to 1248)… … the Castle of Teba was right on the frontier between the  Nasrid   Kingdom of Granada (Muslim) and the Castilian Kingdom (Christian), for nearly three centuries. http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com
    • The fort of Teba belonged to the Moorish Kingdom of Granada from 1230’s until 1330 In August of that last year it was captured by the Castilian forces of King Alfonso XI in a famous battle. http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com
    • In this battle the troops of Granada commanded by their King Mohamed IV clashed with the troops of Castile led by Alfonso XI . The Granadians had the help of Benimerin troops from Northern Africa. The Castilian forces had support from a group of Scottish Crusaders led by Sir James Douglas . http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com
    • Sir James Douglas, accompanied by a group of Scottish knights , was on his way to the Holy Land to take the embalmed heart of his King Robert the Bruce there. On the way to Jerusalem he stopped in Spain to help the Castilian King Alfonso XI battle against the Muslims of Granada. http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com
    • The Christians won the battle and Castile conquered the castle of Teba, but the noble Scotsman died in combat, giving rise to the legend of ‘Braveheart’ . http://iespebilingue.wikispaces.com