Ch 5 Managing Ethnic Diversity

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  • 1. Managing Ethnic Diversity Chapter 5
  • 2. Managing Ethnic Diversity
    • Fostering a national identity
    • Policy of multi-racialism
    • Common practices
    • Bilingualism
    • Safeguarding the interests of the minority groups
    • Policy of minority representation
    • Self-help groups
    • Developing common space
    • GR assroots organisations
    • A ctivities by IRCCs and HCs
    • P ublic housing
    • E ducational institutions
    • S hared NS experience
  • 3. 1. Fostering a national identity
    • Multi-racialism promotes equality among the races, with no special rights granted to any group
    • Common practices inculcate national pride and inculcate loyalty towards Singapore
    • E.g. singing national anthem, taking pledge, flag-raising ceremony
  • 4. 1. Fostering a national identity
    • Bilingualism :1966
    • Students to learn English and MT
    • EL as language linking different ethnic grps
    • As a non-native lang, no one grp has an advantage
    • Improves communication among S’preans
  • 5. 2. Safeguarding the interests of minority grps
    • Minority representation
    • Gives minority grps a say in governance
    • E.g. Presidential Council of Minority Rights (PCMR) and Group Representation Constituency (GRC)
    • PCMR ensures that no racial or religious grp is disadvantaged as a result of a law being passed in parliament
    • GRC ensures that minority grps are represented in Parliament
  • 6.  
  • 7. 2. Safeguarding the interests of minority grps
    • Self-help groups
    • E.g. Chinese Development Assistance Council (CDAC), Singapore Indian Development Association (SINDA), Mendaki, Eurasian Association
  • 8. 2. Safeguarding the interests of minority grps
    • Role of Self-help groups
    • Help less fortunate members to get aid in studies and job training
    • Improve people’s social and economic positions in society
    • Helps S’poreans to cope and compete with one another on equal footing
  • 9. 3. Developing common space
    • Grassroots organisations e.g. People’s Association (PA) organises activities
    • E.g. home stay opportunity with host family from another ethnic grp
    • Helps ppl gain better understanding of other cultures
  • 10. 3. Developing common space
    • Educational institutions
    • Open to every Singaporean
    • Students of different races and religions work/study together
    • CCAs help promote closer bonds
    • Provides opportunity for friendships to be cultivated and strengthened
  • 11. 3. Developing common space
    • Public housing
    • 1989: Ethnic integration policy
    • Limits proportion of races in every neighbourhood and block
    • Ensures even distribution of diff races in all housing estates
    • Provides opportunities for ppl from different races to interact
  • 12. Percentage of racial distribution in each housing estate
  • 13. 3. Developing common space
    • Inter-racial Confidence Circles (IRCCs) introduced in 2002
    • Conduct activities to foster greater inter-racial understanding
    • E.g. visits to places of worship
    • Harmony Circles (HCs) organise inter-racial and inter-religious activities at work
    • Build confidence and friendship among people
  • 14. 3. Developing common space
    • Shared experience through National Service (NS): 1967
    • All able-bodied men above 18 are required to serve
    • Going through tough military training together helps strengthen bonds among the men
  • 15. Why manage ethnic diversity?
    • So that all Singaporeans enjoy peace and security
    • Economic progress
      • Attracts foreign investors
      • Tourism