Ch 5 Managing Ethnic Diversity

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Ch 5 Managing Ethnic Diversity

  1. 1. Managing Ethnic Diversity Chapter 5
  2. 2. Managing Ethnic Diversity <ul><li>Fostering a national identity </li></ul><ul><li>Policy of multi-racialism </li></ul><ul><li>Common practices </li></ul><ul><li>Bilingualism </li></ul>1 <ul><li>Safeguarding the interests of the minority groups </li></ul><ul><li>Policy of minority representation </li></ul><ul><li>Self-help groups </li></ul>2 <ul><li>Developing common space </li></ul><ul><li>GR assroots organisations </li></ul><ul><li>A ctivities by IRCCs and HCs </li></ul><ul><li>P ublic housing </li></ul><ul><li>E ducational institutions </li></ul><ul><li>S hared NS experience </li></ul>3
  3. 3. 1. Fostering a national identity <ul><li>Multi-racialism promotes equality among the races, with no special rights granted to any group </li></ul><ul><li>Common practices inculcate national pride and inculcate loyalty towards Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. singing national anthem, taking pledge, flag-raising ceremony </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1. Fostering a national identity <ul><li>Bilingualism :1966 </li></ul><ul><li>Students to learn English and MT </li></ul><ul><li>EL as language linking different ethnic grps </li></ul><ul><li>As a non-native lang, no one grp has an advantage </li></ul><ul><li>Improves communication among S’preans </li></ul>
  5. 5. 2. Safeguarding the interests of minority grps <ul><li>Minority representation </li></ul><ul><li>Gives minority grps a say in governance </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Presidential Council of Minority Rights (PCMR) and Group Representation Constituency (GRC) </li></ul><ul><li>PCMR ensures that no racial or religious grp is disadvantaged as a result of a law being passed in parliament </li></ul><ul><li>GRC ensures that minority grps are represented in Parliament </li></ul>
  6. 7. 2. Safeguarding the interests of minority grps <ul><li>Self-help groups </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Chinese Development Assistance Council (CDAC), Singapore Indian Development Association (SINDA), Mendaki, Eurasian Association </li></ul>
  7. 8. 2. Safeguarding the interests of minority grps <ul><li>Role of Self-help groups </li></ul><ul><li>Help less fortunate members to get aid in studies and job training </li></ul><ul><li>Improve people’s social and economic positions in society </li></ul><ul><li>Helps S’poreans to cope and compete with one another on equal footing </li></ul>
  8. 9. 3. Developing common space <ul><li>Grassroots organisations e.g. People’s Association (PA) organises activities </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. home stay opportunity with host family from another ethnic grp </li></ul><ul><li>Helps ppl gain better understanding of other cultures </li></ul>
  9. 10. 3. Developing common space <ul><li>Educational institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Open to every Singaporean </li></ul><ul><li>Students of different races and religions work/study together </li></ul><ul><li>CCAs help promote closer bonds </li></ul><ul><li>Provides opportunity for friendships to be cultivated and strengthened </li></ul>
  10. 11. 3. Developing common space <ul><li>Public housing </li></ul><ul><li>1989: Ethnic integration policy </li></ul><ul><li>Limits proportion of races in every neighbourhood and block </li></ul><ul><li>Ensures even distribution of diff races in all housing estates </li></ul><ul><li>Provides opportunities for ppl from different races to interact </li></ul>
  11. 12. Percentage of racial distribution in each housing estate
  12. 13. 3. Developing common space <ul><li>Inter-racial Confidence Circles (IRCCs) introduced in 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct activities to foster greater inter-racial understanding </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. visits to places of worship </li></ul><ul><li>Harmony Circles (HCs) organise inter-racial and inter-religious activities at work </li></ul><ul><li>Build confidence and friendship among people </li></ul>
  13. 14. 3. Developing common space <ul><li>Shared experience through National Service (NS): 1967 </li></ul><ul><li>All able-bodied men above 18 are required to serve </li></ul><ul><li>Going through tough military training together helps strengthen bonds among the men </li></ul>
  14. 15. Why manage ethnic diversity? <ul><li>So that all Singaporeans enjoy peace and security </li></ul><ul><li>Economic progress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attracts foreign investors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tourism </li></ul></ul>

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