Ch 2 governance


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Structure of SG govt, Principles of Governance

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  • Ch 2 governance

    1. 1. Governance in Singapore Chapter 2
    2. 2. Essential Questions <ul><li>What is good governance? </li></ul><ul><li>How does governance influence our living conditions? </li></ul>
    3. 3. DEFINITIONS Governance The way the government manages the resources of the country so as to carry out its functions Good Governance Requires the support of the citizens for government policies
    4. 4. FUNCTIONS OF A GOVERNMENT Ensures stability Meets people’s needs Builds a nation Maintains sovereignty
    5. 5. SINGAPORE’S SYSTEM OF GOVT Representative democracy Leader of party with most no. of MPs in Parliament is invited by the President to be Prime Minister. The PM will then form the cabinet to manage the country Election held once every 5 yrs During the election, people decide who they will vote for to represent them Candidates with the most no. of votes in each constituency serve as Members of Parliament (MPs).
    6. 6. THE PEOPLE’S ROLE <ul><li>Power and responsibility to chose the right leaders (voting) </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate their needs and wants to govt. through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Feedback Unit – 1985 – letters, dialogue sessions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media (e.g. the Forum Page in the Straits Times) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MPs Meet the People Sessions </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>Parliamentary system of government </li></ul><ul><li>Elected group of people make laws and policies </li></ul><ul><li>Comprises 3 branches </li></ul>The Government of Singapore Legislature Executive Judiciary
    8. 8. Legislature <ul><li>Who? </li></ul><ul><li>President </li></ul><ul><li>Members of Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Does what? </li></ul><ul><li>Makes the laws of the </li></ul><ul><li>country </li></ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul><ul><li>Debates about proposed Bills in Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Passes Bills after studying them </li></ul>?
    9. 9. <ul><li>Who? </li></ul><ul><li>President </li></ul><ul><li>Cabinet Members </li></ul><ul><li>Does what? </li></ul><ul><li>Executes the law passed </li></ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. if law is related to education, Education </li></ul><ul><li>Minister (a Cabinet Member) would translate law to Education Ministry and ensure its smooth </li></ul><ul><li>implementation </li></ul>Executive
    10. 10. <ul><li>Who? </li></ul><ul><li>Judges </li></ul><ul><li>Law courts </li></ul><ul><li>Does what? </li></ul><ul><li>Makes sure that </li></ul><ul><li>laws are justly </li></ul><ul><li>carried out </li></ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul><ul><li>Takes action against wrong doers </li></ul>Judiciary
    11. 11. Executive Makes the laws Legislature Judiciary Implements policies according to the the laws Ensures the law is followed
    12. 12. GUIDING PRINCIPLES <ul><li>Leadership is key </li></ul><ul><li>Anticipate change and stay relevant </li></ul><ul><li>Reward for work and work for reward </li></ul><ul><li>A stake for everyone, opportunities for all </li></ul>
    13. 13. A) LEADERSHIP IS KEY <ul><li>Honest, capable leaders needed to make right decisions for the country </li></ul><ul><li>The govt continuously selects and grooms potential leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Good leadership is important in every segment of society </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. National Arts Council Chairman Mr Liu Thai Ker, former President Mr Ong Teng Cheong was persuaded by Mr Lee Kuan Yew to be a minister </li></ul>
    14. 14. B) ANTICIPATE CHANGE, STAY RELEVANT ( Principle of being forward looking) <ul><li>Decisions need to be forward-looking to overcome potential challenges. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>NEWater—Why? Self-sufficiency in water supply; not limited to expiration of water agreements with M’sia </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated resorts to capture tourist market  helps Singapore’s economy to be competitive </li></ul>
    15. 15. C) REWARD FOR WORK AND WORK FOR REWARD <ul><li>Meritocracy: a system that rewards hard work and talent </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Edusave scholarship, Merit Bursary Schemes, Progress Package </li></ul><ul><li>Gives everyone an equal opportunity to achieve their best and be rewarded for their performance regardless of race, religion and socio-economic background </li></ul>
    16. 16. D) A STAKE FOR EVERYONE, OPPORTUNITIES FOR ALL <ul><li>Having a say develops greater sense of belonging </li></ul><ul><li>More opportunities created to involve people in decision-making </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. issue of having a casino (2004) </li></ul><ul><li>Govt introducing social safeguards to minimize problem gambling after hearing feedback from the people </li></ul>
    17. 17. POP QUIZ!! Do you know your leaders?
    18. 18. Prime Minister Mr Lee Hsien Loong
    19. 19. Senior Minister and Co-ordinating Minister for National Security Professor S Jayakumar
    20. 20. Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Home Affairs Mr Wong Kan Seng
    21. 21. Minister for Foreign Affairs Mr George Yeo
    22. 22. Acting Minister for Information, Communications and the Arts Mr Lui Tuck Yew
    23. 23. Minister for Trade and Industry Mr Lim Hng Kiang
    24. 24. Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Defence Mr Teo Chee Hean
    25. 25. Minister for the Environment and Water Resources and Minister-in-charge of Muslim Affairs Dr Yaacob Ibrahim
    26. 26. Minister for Health Mr Khaw Boon Wan
    27. 27. Minister for Finance Mr Tharman SHANMUGARATNAM
    28. 28. Minister for Education and Second Minister for Defence Dr Ng Eng Hen
    29. 29. Minister for Community Development, Youth and Sports Dr Vivian Balakrishnan
    30. 30. Minister for Transport & Second Minister for Foreign Affairs Mr Raymond Lim
    31. 31. <ul><li>Minister for Manpower </li></ul><ul><li>Mr Gan Kim Yong </li></ul>