Buddhism in taiwan

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  • 1. Buddhism in Taiwan Anthropology National Chi Nan University, Taiwan Prof. Noel W. Schutz Jr. Speaker: Lawrenzo Hung-Chun Huang
  • 2. Gautama Buddha Siddhārtha Gautama Argumentation: 563 BCE to 483 BCE reincarnate Nirvana "Nibbāna" means "blowing out" — that is, blowing out the fires of 涅盤 greed, hatred, and delusion “reincarnate" is basic concept of Brahma religion. Buddha Buddha Siddhārtha Gautama, also known as Śākyamuni or People entitle Siddhārtha Shakyamuni ("sage of the Shakyas"), is the key figure in Buddhism, and accounts of his life, discourses, and A honorary title monastic rules are believed by Buddhists to have been for summarized after his death and memorized by his "awakened one" or followers. Various collections of teachings attributed to "the enlightened one” Gautama were passed down by oral tradition, and first committed to writing about 400 years later. who Find the way out of reincarnate
  • 3. Buddhism Road Map Hinduism Brahma Buddhism Gandhara was a jewel of Buddhist The Jainism swastika Jainism civilization that stretched across स्विस्तक what is now Afghanistan and Pakistan. The Gandharans left us a rich heritage of Buddhist art that was threatened by the Taliban. The Buddhism swastika The swastika was the official emblem of the Nazi Party, and is used sometimes by modern Neo-Nazis
  • 4. Worship icon figure? Primitive No icon worship, merely the vehicle carry Buddhism symbol of vehicle wheel whole wisdom BCE.5 Mahāyāna (North Buddhism; Larger Vehicle Buddhism; Buddhism Bodhisattvayana 菩提心) Early Buddhist Hīnayāna School (South Buddhism; Smaller Vehicle Buddhism) Buddhism BCE.4~BCE.3 Local religion Buddhism combination Idolizations After BCE.3 Greek style Buddha China style Buddha BCE.3~2 (Pakistan) Polytheism (Syncretism) Icon Worship (Add on local relegion)
  • 5. A honorary title for a Buddhist monk: “Tripiṭaka” The Chinese form of Tripiṭaka, "SanZang" (三藏), was sometimes used as an honorary title for a Buddhist monk who has mastered all the Tripiṭaka canons, most notably in the case case of the Tang Dynasty monk Xuanzang, whose pilgrimage to India to study and bring Buddhist text back to China was portrayed in the novel Journey to the West as "Tang Sanzang". Hsüan-tsang Sutra Knowing [602/603? - 664 CE] was a famous Chinese Buddhist monk, scholar, traveler, and translator that brought up the interaction between China and India in the early Tang period. sūtra piṭaka 經藏 Public debate Nirvana disciplinarian Certificate vinaya abhidharma piṭaka piṭaka 律藏 論藏 Mahayana Buddhism
  • 6. Diffusion of Buddhism 4 5 3 6 2 1 2 5 2 3 4 4
  • 7. Syncretism in China Confucianism(儒) Buddhism(釋) Taoism(道) Con Tsu Shakyamuni Lao Tsu China Shaolin Monastery(少林寺) Three religion combination(三教混元圖) Ming Dynasty Look Careful ! There are three figure in there
  • 8. Syncretism example From Avalokiteśvara to Guan Yin Ming Dynasty Taoism Goddess Matsu + Lin, Mo-Niang Amakawa(媽閣) A tenderness Macao mother Guan Yin statue Liao Dynasty (A.D. 907-1125) ninth century CE, 801 CE - 900 CE. Ann Hung Kong, Tainan(台南 恩隍宮) (Pakistan)
  • 9. Distinguish the “Temple” “Si (寺)” “Miao (廟)” is ambassador resident is official building in Tang dynasty. for worship ceremony. However, Most Educational activity in there. Si refers the Buddhist temple Miao indicates the Taoist and Confucianism temple
  • 10. Buddhism Population More than 90 percent of Taiwanese people practice three major religion 3.5% 724,500 61.5% 12,730,500 Confucian principles, local Taoism & others practices Buddhism and Christianity Taoist tradition. 35% 7,245,000
  • 11. Taiwan Buddhist system 淨土Jìngtǔ (Pure land) Buddhist 정토종 禪Zen Buddhist Japan system Teaching東傳) (Tong Teaching東傳) Tibetan Buddhist China system Teaching漢傳) (Han Teaching漢傳) Tibet system Teaching藏傳) (Chang Teaching藏傳)
  • 12. Buddhism Temple in Taiwan North (Jinshan, Taipei): Master Sheng-yen (聖嚴, d. 2009) of Dharma Drum Mountain (法鼓山) West (Nantou): Master Wei Chueh (惟覺) of Chung Tai Shan (中台山) East (Hualien): Master Cheng Yen (證嚴) of the Tzu Chi Foundation (慈濟基金會) South (Dashu, Kaohsiung): Master Hsing Yun (星雲) of Fo Guang Shan (佛光山)
  • 13. Buddhism Social Service in Taiwan Education FoGuang University (佛光大學) NanHua University (南華大學) HuaFan University (華梵大學) TzuChi University (慈濟大學) Dharma Drum Sanha University (法鼓山僧伽大學大學) NPO Tzu Chi Foundation Foundation Tzu Chi Hospital Dharma Drum Sanha Foundation …. Press DaAi Television FoGuang Television … Columbarium Ci-Guang-Shan(慈光山) …
  • 14. Buddhism in Taiwan Conclusion: Buddhism provide Taiwan social stability, from birth to death.