Anthropology in japan


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Anthropology in japan

  1. 1. Anthropology Anthropology in in Japan Japan Where Japanese come form? Anthropology National Chi Nan University Prof. Noel W. Schutz Jr. Lawrenzo Hung-Chun Huang
  2. 2. Mainstream hypothesis of migrations into the Japanese islands from Sibelia and Korea. Red=Jomon/Ainu (native islanders), Yellow=Yayoi (Korean / Chinese)
  3. 3. Jōmon Jōmon ancestor ancestor Yayoi Yayoi 10,000 BC ancestor ancestor 1000 BC Japanese Paleolithic
  4. 4. Jōmon繩文 Ainu people Yayoi 彌生
  5. 5. JOMONVersusYAYOI The Jomon Yayoi culture (10,000 BC to 300 BC) (300 BC to 250 AD)
  6. 6. Morphological data Large Frontal Round orbital bone Square orbital bone Flat Prominent Nasal Nasal Long Shortness Ethmoid Ethmoid Un-flat Flat occlude occlude Large Smaller tooth tooth Yayoi 彌生人 Jōmon 繩文人
  7. 7. JOMON The Jomon (10,000 BC to 300 BC)
  8. 8. Mystery Dogū Sami Reindeer Herders in Alaska 1894 to Late 1930's goggles ? Dogū (土偶) are small humanoid and animal figurines made during the late Jōmon period (14,000 BC to 400 BC) of prehistoric Japan.
  9. 9. Ainu people The Ainu (アイヌ) (also called Ezo in historical texts) are an indigenous ethnic group of Japan and Russia.
  10. 10. Ainu people 1900s • Ainu Chief
  11. 11. YAYOI Yayoi culture (300 BC to 250 AD)
  12. 12. Amateras and Jinmu-tennō According to the legendary account in the Kojiki(古事紀) 天照大神 神武天皇 660 BC primitive society of Japan in Matrilineal Society Spring and Autumn Period of Zhou Dynasty
  13. 13. Rice Culture of YAYOI Period
  14. 14. Zhou & Ch'in Dynasty 1000 BC Hsiung-nu Hsien-pei,
  15. 15. Hsien-pei, Hsiung-nu and Yayoi Japan The Hsiung-nu were a confederation of nomadic tribes from Central Asia with a ruling class of unknown origin. 3rd century BC–460s Hsien-pei
  16. 16. Jofuku 徐福 immigrant to Japan •He was sent by Ch'in Emperor to the eastern seas twice to look for the elixir of life. •His two journeys occurred between 219 BC and 210 BC. •It was believed that the fleet included 60 barques and around 5000 crew members, 3000 boys and girls, and craftsmen of different fields. •After he embarked on a second mission in 210 BC, he never returned. Some sources •was born in 255 BC in the Ch'in state have pointed to 500 boys and 500 girls and served as a court instead. sorcerer in Qin Dynasty China.
  17. 17. Jofuku 徐福 immigrant to Japan •Those who support the theory that Sheh Fu landed in Japan credit him with being the catalyst for the development of ancient Japanese society. •The Jōmon culture which had existed in ancient Japan for over 6000 years suddenly disappeared around 300 BC. •The farming techniques and knowledge that Sheh Fu brought along are said to have improved the quality of life of the ancient Japanese people and he is said to have introduced many new plants and techniques to ancient Japan. To these achievements is attributed the worship of Sheh Fu as the "God of farming", "God of medicine" and "God of silk" by the Japanese. Numerous temples and memorials of Xu can be found in many places in Japan.
  18. 18. Rice Culture of YAYOI Period Wood Hoe Wood Plow Copper Bell Around the fifth century BC 4 Kyushu, Shikoku and Honshu However, the Hokkaido Nansei Islands, and dependent on food samples. Rice is rice, food production is much greater, it is also well preserved.
  19. 19. DNA Evidence Japanese Korean Ainu Aeta Vedda Mitochondrial DNA Polymorphism among Five Asian Populations by S. Harihara, et al. Five Asian Populations of which Samples Were Analyzed in this Study
  20. 20. Conclusion Culture fight in Ancient Japan: JOMON Versus YAYOI Japanese Korean Ainu Aeta Vedda
  21. 21. Thanks Anthropology in Japan Anthropology in Japan Where Japanese come form? Where Japanese come form?
  22. 22. Descendant of Hsien-pei Emperor Taizong of Tang 598~649
  23. 23. The Chrysanthemum and the Sword • The Chrysanthemum and the Sword: Patterns of Japanese Culture is an influential 1946 study of Japan by American anthropologist Ruth Benedict written at the invitation of the U.S. Office of War Information in order to understand and predict the behavior of the Japanese in World War II by reference to a series of contradictions Ruth Benedict in traditional culture. The book was influential in shaping American ideas about Japanese culture during the occupation of Japan, and popularized the distinction between guilt cultures and shame cultures.[1]