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Mr. george eftichidis (algosystems sa) “the arc fuel methodology for the collection of the groun

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  • - EU made great progress in fire modeling and simulation without a respective level in operational use

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  • 1. ArcFUEL: Fielld survey for validating Arcfuel map in Greece George Eftychidis, I.Mitsopoulos ALGOSYSTEMS S.A. ArcFUEL Final Workshop “Forest Fires: Fuel mapping in the Mediterranean countries” 18 December 2013, Aristotle University Research Dissemination Center, Thessaloniki, Greece 1
  • 2. Need and approach Prerequisite for forest fire modeling and simulation Need of maps for fire and fuel management Currently existing fuel maps          Are ad-hoc maps (no update) at local or regional scale Derived using different methodologies and data sets Aren’t validated (data quality control, accuracy) No harmonization and standardization Fuel modeling gap (fuel parameters) Cooperation with the JRC (Fuelmap, JRC forest fuel scheme) Cooperation with INSPIRE working committee The purpose Support creation of national forest fuel maps Provide a consistent and documented methodology EU-wide applicability Suitable for supporting fire management tasks ArcFUEL Final Workshop “Forest Fires: Fuel mapping in the Mediterranean countries” 18 December 2013, Aristotle University Research Dissemination Center, Thessaloniki, Greece 2
  • 3. ArcFuel-JRC fuel types association Association with Density cover data Association with the basic JRC Fuel Types Sub-classes Scrub Evergreen Broadleaved Open Dense Scrub Deciduous Open Dense Scrub Evergreen Open Dense Main classes Evergre en Transitional forests Broadleaved forests Subclasses Association with the basic JRC Fuel Types Transitional forests Open Mixed forests Dense Mixed Scrub Deciduo us Transitional forests Open Transitional forests Mixed forests Dense Broadleaved forests Transitional forests Coniferous forests Association with Density cover data Scrub Main classes Shrubs Surface fuels Surface fuels Grasses Coniferous Scrub Deciduous Open Transitional forests Groundfuels Ground fuels Azonicfuels Dense Coniferous forests Otherfuels ArcFUEL Final Workshop “Forest Fires: Fuel mapping in the Mediterranean countries” 18 December 2013, Aristotle University Research Dissemination Center, Thessaloniki, Greece 3
  • 4. JRC Forest fuel type scheme 2 Wooded peatbogs SURFACE FUELS 3A 5 Mediterranean grasslands and steppes 6 Temperate, Alpine and Northern grasslands 7 Mediterranean moors and heathlands Temperate, Alpine and Northern moors and 8 heathlands 9 Mediterranean open shrublands (sclerophylous) 10 Mediterranean shrublands (sclerophylous) Deciduous broadleaved shrublands 11 (thermophilous) 12 Alpine open shrublands (conifers) 3B 39 4 40 Riparian vegetation Coastal and inland halophytic vegetation and dunes 41 42 OTHER FUELS TRANSITIONAL FORESTS 1 Peat bogs 3 Pastures 4 Sparse grasslands 2 Group name Aquatic Marshes Agroforestry areas F U E L S P O T E N T I A L L Y I N V O L V I N G FT No C A N O P Y Fuel type name 13 Shrublands in Mediterranean conifer forests 14 Shrublands in Mediterranean sclerophylous forests 15 16 Shrublands in Mediterranean montane conifer forests Shrublands in thermophilous broadleaved forests 17 18 19 Shrublands in beech and mesophytic broadleaved forests Northern open shrublands in broadleaved forests Shrublands in Alpine and Northern conifer forests Mediterranean long needled conifer forest (mediterranean pines) Mediterranean scale-needled open woodlands (juniperus, cupressus) Mediterranean montane long needled conifer forest (black and scots pines) Mediterranean montane short needled conifer forest (firs, cedar) Alpine long needled conifer forest (pines) 20 CONIFEROUS FORESTS GROUND FUELS Grou p No BROAD LEAVED FORESTS 1 Fuel type name MIXED FORESTS Group FT Group name No No 21 22 23 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 Alpine short needled conifer forest (fir, alp. spruce) Northern long needled conifer forest (scots pine) Northern short needled conifer forest (spruce) Mediterranean evergreen broadleaved forest Thermophilous broadleaved forest Mesophytic broadleaved forest Beech forest Montane beech forest White birch boreal forest Mixed mediterranean evergreen broadleaved with conifers forest 36 Mixed thermophylous broadleaved with conifers forest 37 38 Mixed mesophytic broadleaved with conifers forest Mixed beech with conifers forest ArcFUEL Final Workshop “Forest Fires: Fuel mapping in the Mediterranean countries” 18 December 2013, Aristotle University Research Dissemination Center, Thessaloniki, Greece 4
  • 5. Forest fuels map creation 3 fuels 6 fuels Deciduous Broadleaved + Evergreen X Mixed 18 fuels Deciduous Scrub X 20 fuels + Open Grass Shrubs 22 fuels + Ground Azonic Close Environmental zone (Ecoregion) 1 Alpine North 2 Boreal 3 Nemoral 4 Atlantic North 5 Alpine South 6 Continental 7 Atlantic Central 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Environmental zone (Ecoregion) Pannonic – Pontic Lusitanian Anatolian Mediterranean Mountain Mediterranean North Mediterranean South Mediterranean East Black sea ArcFUEL Final Workshop “Forest Fires: Fuel mapping in the Mediterranean countries” 18 December 2013, Aristotle University Research Dissemination Center, Thessaloniki, Greece 5
  • 6. ArcFuel draft map of Greece ArcFUEL Final Workshop “Forest Fires: Fuel mapping in the Mediterranean countries” 18 December 2013, Aristotle University Research Dissemination Center, Thessaloniki, Greece 6
  • 7. Ground truth survey Field validation methodology test in Central Portugal Refinements to the methodology Training in the field ArcFUEL Final Workshop “Forest Fires: Fuel mapping in the Mediterranean countries” 18 December 2013, Aristotle University Research Dissemination Center, Thessaloniki, Greece 7
  • 8. Field data collection Id Xcoord Xcoord Arcfuel_nm Arcfuel_ cd 0 2783766.66 2077139.93 Deciduous Broadleaved Dense forest 6 1 2784266.66 2077139.93 Evergreen Coniferous Dense forest 9 2 2781766.66 2077639.93 No wildland fuels 0 3 2782266.66 2077639.93 Shrubs Validation (yes/no) 19 Real_FC ArcFUEL Final Workshop “Forest Fires: Fuel mapping in the Mediterranean countries” 18 December 2013, Aristotle University Research Dissemination Center, Thessaloniki, Greece Photos 8
  • 9. Map validation with LUCAS dataset The Land use/cover area frame statistical survey (LUCAS) is a European field survey program funded and executed by Eurostat. It provides coherent and harmonized statistics on land use and land cover in the European Union for the year 2009. ArcFUEL Final Workshop “Forest Fires: Fuel mapping in the Mediterranean countries” 18 December 2013, Aristotle University Research Dissemination Center, Thessaloniki, Greece 9
  • 10. ArcFUEL field validation methodology Use of LUCAS data set (conflicting points with ArcFuel) Selection of random points (number according to the area extent of the region and its distribution into fuel types as well as accessibility ie distance from road -<300m and slope <30%) Typical fuel type areas along field survey paths Greece: 1288 check points 298 points visited ArcFUEL Final Workshop “Forest Fires: Fuel mapping in the Mediterranean countries” 18 December 2013, Aristotle University Research Dissemination Center, Thessaloniki, Greece 10
  • 11. Field survey methodology • Creation of a list of points to visit/Region  Crete, Central Greece, Macedonia and Thrace, Western Greece) • Define a routing plan for visiting the POIs • Use GPS routing application for visiting the POIs • Data collection forms filled on site • Data uploaded to a server ArcFUEL Final Workshop “Forest Fires: Fuel mapping in the Mediterranean countries” 18 December 2013, Aristotle University Research Dissemination Center, Thessaloniki, Greece 11
  • 12. Data collection mobile app A mobile forest fuel survey application (Android) developed (available in Google Play) for collecting field data to test the accuracy and quality of the ArcFUEL map. ArcFUEL Final Workshop “Forest Fires: Fuel mapping in the Mediterranean countries” 18 December 2013, Aristotle University Research Dissemination Center, Thessaloniki, Greece 12
  • 13. ArcFUEL map field validation in Greece Validation methodology to be finalized 13
  • 14. On line data base of filed survey data 14
  • 15. Field data analysis First validation of Arcfuel map (overall accuracy 80.59%) Arcfuel pilots data online data base Quality management and analysis of DB content Final tuning and refinement of the map content ArcFUEL Final Workshop “Forest Fires: Fuel mapping in the Mediterranean countries” 18 December 2013, Aristotle University Research Dissemination Center, Thessaloniki, Greece 15
  • 16. FCM Production-Greece (ArcFuel forest fuel map) Input for  Shrubs fuel type (low and tall shrubs)  Density class validation  Data base supporting supervised classification in the future ArcFUEL Final Workshop “Forest Fires: Fuel mapping in the Mediterranean countries” 18 December 2013, Aristotle University Research Dissemination Center, Thessaloniki, Greece 16
  • 17. Fuel modeling task Correspondence JRC-ArcFuel types The final ArcFUEL Forest Fuel Classes Map ArcFUEL Final Workshop “Forest Fires: Fuel mapping in the Mediterranean countries” 18 December 2013, Aristotle University Research Dissemination Center, Thessaloniki, Greece 17
  • 18. Fuel modeling task Correspondence JRC-ArcFuel types ArcFUEL Final Workshop “Forest Fires: Fuel mapping in the Mediterranean countries” 18 December 2013, Aristotle University Research Dissemination Center, Thessaloniki, Greece 18
  • 19. Shrub Group fuel modeling 19
  • 20. ArcFuel exploitation ArcFuel methodology can be easily applied by forest and fire services for large-scale mapping in other regions Use of ArcFuel tools (mobile app, online fuels DB, geoportal) for fuel mapping purposes ArcFuel map can be used as draft input for prevention and pre-suppression planning in large areas Test ArcFuel maps with forest fire simulators The map can be further improved for local operational use with field data (or other available vegetation maps) as regards  Forest understory (vertical structure of forest)  Shrubs categories (Tall/Low shrubs) 20
  • 21. Thank you for your attention ArcFUEL Final Workshop “Forest Fires: Fuel mapping in the Mediterranean countries” 18 December 2013, Aristotle University Research Dissemination Center, Thessaloniki, Greece 21