04.forest fires 2012_epsilon_210512
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

04.forest fires 2012_epsilon_210512

on

  • 422 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
422
Views on SlideShare
259
Embed Views
163

Actions

Likes
1
Downloads
4
Comments
0

3 Embeds 163

http://www.arcfuel.eu 143
http://arcfuel.eu 18
http://arcfuel.gr 2

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    04.forest fires 2012_epsilon_210512 04.forest fires 2012_epsilon_210512 Presentation Transcript

    • ArcFIRE™/ArcFUEL™: Forest Fire Management Geoplatform & Fuel Maps Forest Fires 2012 ConferenceSession ArcFUEL: Advancing Forest Fuel Mapping techniques in Europe Marc Bonazountas, Despina Kallidromitou, Alkis Astyakopoulos Epsilon International SA | Monemvasias 27 | 15125 Marousi, GR T: +30-210-6898-614 | arcfuel@epsilon.gr 3rd International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Forest Fires 1 22 – 24 May, 2012, New Forest, UK
    • OutlinePart A: Forest Fire ManagementPart B: ArcFIRE™ TechnologiesPart C: ArcFIRE™ ArchitecturePart D: ArcFIRE™ Services & Basic ModulesPart E: ArcFIRE™ Operation Areas 2 Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • What is the ArcFIRE™?Integrated Wildland & Forest FireManagement Geoplatform WITH: Constant technology evolution since 1990 US Forest Service modeling technologies Vital dynamics demanded by planners & decision makers engaged in FF Life Cycle Numerous operations in GR,FR,IT,SP,PT 3 Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • Historic Evolution 1990+Multi-National product (US, EU, MS)Product via EC Fomfis (1990)Product via EC participations (e.g., Orchestra) andSpanish applicationsOperational product via the OA-Athens-2004 installations(2004-5)EC/SCIER programme (2009)Numerous applications in GR/NTUA, IT, ES, PT andcooperation with US Dept. FS/FFLMore than 10 million in RTD development.More than 100 people engaged in RTD, testsReal installation in RG: Seix-Sou ForestArcFIRE™ >> Pan-EU, multi-geo-platform (2010) >>BRISEIDE (web-services via cloud 2011). 4 Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • IntroductionFF hazard is continuously increasingUp to 1975: aver. annual burnt area at national level=127.000 acres/year aver. frequency=650 fire eventsUp to 1998: aver. annual burnt area at national level=487.000 acres/year aver. frequency=1.713 fire events>> 250% increase 5 Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • Main Driving FactorsLacking of forest management practices (e.g.biomass accumulation)Mismanaged spatial planning andinappropriate land use practices and patternsSocio-demographic factorsClimate change & extreme weather conditionsEconomic factorsLow resources availability to monitoringmitigation 6Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • ArcFIRE™ Life Cycle 7Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • ArcFIRE™ Life Cycle“Awareness” is: to minimize FF impacts to the environment and people as a result of operations made “prior to a fire”.“Emergency” is: to assist planners, decision makers and fire fighters in their mission “during the fire”“Impacts” is: to assess & quantify environmental, economic & social Impacts “after the fire”.“Dissemination” is: to provide information on international best practices and on “lessons learned” from past fire events. 8Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • ArcFire™ Awarenesse.g.: FF Risk Assessment Index of Ignition. Measures the exposure to FF Driving Factors per EGU: Human Activity, Power Supply Network, Industry, Natural phenomena, other. Propagation Index. Calculates the conditional probability of Fire Propagation given an Ignition Source. Probability is calculated in reference to CLC, Fuel Coverage. (Meteorological) Probability of Ignition Index. Calculates the conditional probability of Fire Propagation given an Ignition Source. Probability is calculated in regards of Meteorological Conditions. Fire Hazard Index. Classifies the Intensity of a potential Fire at the range 0- to 100%. For the static case, Intensity is calculated for the average meteorological conditions belonging to the 1% of the annual worst meteo-conditions in favor of Forest Fires. Fire Cost Index: Calculates the environmental, socioeconomic, aesthetic damage caused by a potential Fire as a Function of CLC and POIs related to Infrastructures & Properties. 9 Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • FF Risk Assessment 10Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • ArcFire™ Awarenesse.g.: Early Warning Tools Small Areas of high Risk: In situ Sensors, Wireless Networks (IEEE 802.14.5), Meteo-stations (CR800). Larger Area of Medium Risk: Cameras for monitoring & pattern recognition (G4S- ©Bosch). Very Large Areas: Satellite Surveillance (MODIS). 11 Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • ArcFire™ Awareness 12Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • ArcFire™ Emergencye.g.: Fire Simulation “Wind” Field modeling “Surface” Fire Propagation (Rothermell Model) “Crown” Fire Propagation “Stochastic” Propagation including wind perturbationInput Data Digital Terrain (slope, aspect) Meteo Forecasts (wind field, relative humidity) Fuel Moisture (Dead/ Live) Fuel MapsUser Interaction Time of Simulation Ignition Points Simulation Time (hours)Output Fire Access Time (FAT) Fire-Front contours Fire Statistics 13 Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • ArcFire™ EmergencyPropagation Mechanism Gives Fire-Front spatiotemporal evolution Uses a Vector Propagation Law. Input: Fuel Model & Terrain and Meteo-conditions Applies a Correction Factor for wind & upslope aspect Applies Iterative Cellular Automata: spread to neighbor cellsN (0º) XDIR XRATE 8 1 2 F 7 A 3 tA A ω B R B θ 6 5 4 tR tB R Change E (90º) boundaryRBACK 14 Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • ArcFire™ Emergencye.g.: Tracking & Rooting of ground units “Find” a Unit/ “Retrieve” past positions/ give guidance Use Hybrid satellite (GlobalStar/ Iridium) and ground communications (GSM/GPRS, 3G) to achieve “100% coverage” 15 Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • ArcFire™ Emergencye.g.: Evacuation Give the FF start time yyyymmdd hh mm Run a Fire Simulation Insert From- To Destination to find the optimum rooting Give the expected time of arrival in regards of FF start time Consider all Road Edges affected by the Fire Front as non Traversable Calculate Fastest PATH Select Solve. Give the time offset from the start of the fire. This offset View new route. 16 Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • ArcFire™ Impacts e.g.: Post Fire Flood-Risk Burn Severity Rainfall Forecast & Annual Statistics Direct Run-off & Peak Flowe.g.: Social & Economic Impacts Burnt Area, Timber & Agrarian loss, Recreational value 17 Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • ArcFire™ Disseminatione.g.: Special e-Publications user manuals & white papers (library of science) TM on all ArcFIRE Modulese.g.: Spatial-Temporal Datasets on FF History in regards of x, y, z, t of Ignition, meteo-conditions, Land Use etc Statistical Patterns found in FF Historye.g.: References & Scientific Papers on “Lessons Learnt” cumulative multinational knowledge best practices, etc. 18 Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • ArcFIRE™ TechnologyS/w Architecture TM ArcGIS ESRI Technology Operated as Desktop (local) or Web Service Meet OGC, INSPIRE, ISO, standardsInteroperability Modular Architecture to incorporate new emerging modules Adopt Global Technology Standards: OGC, XML, tcp/ip, soa, httpInfo & Meteo Cooperate with Weather Forecast Authorities/ Institutions (meteo-grid ESP, nkua GR) Standardized Forecast Data Transfer protocols (ESRI ASCII GRIB format) 19 Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • ArcFIRE™ TechnologyGeo-Information Develop Custom SDI adhering to ArcFIRETM requirements Meet OGC standardsLand Soil & Forestry Scalable XML catalogue for Surface & Crown Fuel Models Include Established (NFFL, Prometheus, Scott Burgan) & Custom Catalogues (SEIX SOU etc)Sensors & Cameras Wireless Sensor Networks: energy efficiency, self-organizing data transfer over standard wireless protocols IEEE 802.15.4 standard Zigbee. Meteo Stations and data transfer via standard data-logger protocols (CR800) Monitoring Cameras (G4S©, Bosch©) Pattern recognition systems 20 Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • ArcFIRE™ TechnologyCommunications GSM/3G Networks to interact with mobile units satellite Networks (GlobalStar/ Iridium) to achieve 100% coverage for the Area of operation even under extreme conditions.Fire Dynamics Wind Field modelling (New Atmos, UoA, MeteoGRID) Surface Fire Propagation (Rothermell Model) Crown Fire Propagation Stochastic Propagation including wind perturbation etc.Control Command Centre (CCC) Coordinates all modules Establishes high availability communication pipelines Equipped with dual server, clients, TV monitoring stations etc. 21 Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • ArcFIRE™ TechnologyFuel Classification Mapping (TBC) Updates fuel maps annually using remote sensing along with vector GIS and ground truth data >>important components of fuel models mapping and fire hazard mitigation. 22 Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • ArcFIRE™ Modules 23Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • ArcFIRE™ Architecture 24Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • ArcFIRE™ ArchitectureApplication Layer Heavy Clients: Desktop Clients operate a tool which hosts all ArcFIRE™ modules (ERSI/ArcMap™ or ESRI/ArcGIS Explorer™ - TBD) Thin Clients: Mobile Clients have limited access to ArcFIRE™ modules (ESRI/ArcPAD™)Server Layer Interface between the Desktop Clients and the Data Layers Operates a list of Services Data-flows are triggered under client requests Adheres to requests for input data coming from a Client and checks in Data Layer for availability Makes sure that output from ArcFIRE™ modules is properly stored in the Data Layer 25 Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • ArcFIRE™ ArchitectureData LayerStatic Data: bare some or no changes in the long-term fuel maps: surface/ crown fuel types (.shp) terrain maps: slope, aspect (ESRI grid) Land Use (.shp) Road & Power Supply Networks (dataset)Spatio-Temporal Data: bare significant changes in the short-term real time Meteorological Measurements (tables, point, .shp) Meteorological Forecasts (ESRI grid) 26 Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • ArcFIRE™ ArchitectureData Layer – Folder Structure 1. SSS: scene identifier e.g. 001. All files (static and dynamic) that are under the same scene have the same geographical extent, resolution and projection system. 2. YYYY: Time Stamp the Forecasts and INDEXES are issued (year) 3. MM: Time Stamp of Forecasts and INDEXES are issued (month) 4. DD: Time Stamp of Forecasts and INDEXES are issued(day) 5. yyyy: Fire Ignition Time Stamp (actual year) 6. mm: Fire Ignition Time Stamp (actual month) 7. dd: Fire Ignition Time Stamp (actual day) 8. sss: simulation session. Each day yyyymmdd might have up to 999 simulation sessions. Each session identifies a simulation for a particular hour and minute of the day yyyymmdd 27 Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • ArcFIRE™ basic modulesFire detectionRequest for a Forecast MapRequest for an IndexSet-up a new simulationRetrieve a simulationEdit a simulationView meteo dataTrackingRooting & Evacuating 28Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • ArcFIRE™ Operation AreasSuccessfully operated in 10+ projects, as: Seih-Sou Forest, Thessaloniki, Greece (2010-2011), 100km2, Wildland Urban Interface Area, 200.000 habitants Taxiarchis Forest, Poligiros Chalkidiki, Greece (2008), 155 km2, Forest Area, sparsely populated Stamata Region, Attika, Greece (2009), 15 km2, Wildland Urban Interface Area, 40.000 habitants 2 Aubagne, Marseille, France, (2008) 15 km , Wildland Urban Interface, Habitants 40.000, Bacva, Chech Republic. (2008), 1630 km2, River Basin, Habitants 100.000 29 Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • Seih-Sou Forest (GR) 2 Area: 100km Area Description: Wildland Urban Interface Habitants: 200.000 Period of Operation: 15 March- today Funded by: Region of Central Macedonia 30Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • Taxiarchis Forest (GR) Area: 155km2 Area Description: Forest Habitants: Sparsely Populated Period of Operation: 2008 Funded by: Regional Administration 31Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • Stamata Region (GR) Area: 15 km2 Area Description: WUI Habitants: 40.000 Period of Operation: 2009 Funded by: EC 32Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • Aubagne Region (FR) 2 Area: 15km Area Description: Sparsely Populated Habitants: 4.000 Period of Operation: 2008 Funded by: EC 33Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • Becva Region, (CH) Area: 500 km2 Area Description: WUI Habitants: 100.000 Period of Operation: 2009 Funded by: EC 34Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • Your participationRegister with usBasic training & material, as linked toUniversities or to usYour cases and your applicationsUniversity theses supportedThird party funding supportTechnologies interchangeSocial and other LinkedIN networkingAlways at the frontier (professionally,operationally) 35 Marc Bonazountas, Alkis Astyakopoulos; EPSILON Greece; T:+30 210 6898614; arcfuel@epsilon.gr
    • Thank you! Forest Fires 2012 ConferenceSession ArcFUEL: Advancing Forest Fuel Mapping techniques in Europe Marc Bonazountas, Despina Kallidromitou, Alkis Astyakopoulos Epsilon International SA | Monemvasias 27 | 15125 Marousi, GR T: +30-210-6898-614 | arcfuel@epsilon.gr 3rd International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Forest Fires 36 22 – 24 May, 2012, New Forest, UK