January 12, 2010: Earthquake in Haiti LEOGANE GRESSIER PETIT GOAVE CARREFOUR PORT-AU-PRINCE 40-50% destroyed 15% destroyed 80-90% destroyed 40-50% destroyed Population: 2,000,000 Population: 134,000 Population 25,000Population: 254,000 Population: 334,000 500,000 located in 4471,077 people killed 5,000-10,000 people killed makeshift settlements HAITI EARTHQUAKE STASTICS 230,000 deaths 200,000 injuries 1,000,000 displacements 2,000,000 in need of food assistance 3,000,000 affected
Media Penetration in Haiti Radio ownership in Haiti is virtually universal: 97 % of respondents own a working radio.Haitis 9.6 million people possessed only Almost 10 % of Haitians described108,000 landlines in 2009 as "Internet users“ –(142nd in the world per capita) but infrastructure problematic.compared to 3.6 million cell phones. Haitis newspapers have been hampered by the countrys 52 % literacy rate.
Mission 4636 The coalition of Haitian diaspora, technology volunteers and companies created a solution to transform crowdsourced data to actionable information.• Short Code 4636 provided as free service by Haitian telecom Digicel• Over 1000 Creole speaking volunteers translate SMS messages• Messages then streamed back to relief groups in Haiti.• Two weeks after the earthquake, Crowdflower took over management
Example of an SMS Emergency Report The following SMS message was sent by a doctor with theTufts/Mission 4636 group to the United States Coast Guard to follow up with assistance.[1/24/10 5:17:47 PM]D. R– S-----: Two persons are trapped under the rubble at theCaribbean Market. One of them, Regine M-- - here is using thisnumber: (+1+ 305 --- ---- to call for help.Coordinates: 18.522547, -72.283544.[names withheld to protect privacy]
Example of an SMS Message in Creole The following SMS message was sent in Creole with the Shortcode 4636 to the Ushahidi platform to follow up with assistance.[1/21/10 23:59]Jodi a fe 4 joumwen pa mange tanprimouingrangoumouinkayyon mounnansain marc rue louverturenumero 75.kowodone: 19.10196, -72.69954[Very rough translation: Today haven’t eaten for 4 days, please in abasement Saint Marc Rue L’Ouverture #75]
Humanitarian Media Response Local Haitian media helped to connect international organizations to the Haitian public. Humanitarian information engagementin Haiti was notable for its preparedness, speed of response and attempts to integrate into local popular culture.
Radio: Signal FMRadio: Access can be shared easily and Haiti has over 250 commercialrelatively cheaply among many people, and community radio stations.serves both literate and illiteratepopulations. Signal FM was the only radio station that stayed on the air continuously, broadcasting to an audience of nearly 3 million throughout the crisis.
Humanitarian Media InitiativesInternational organizations supported local humanitarian media initiatives. They included: Internews IMS AMARC International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) UNESCO Reporters sans FrontiersThese groups provided facilities for local journalists, cash grants, and technical equipment and training.
ENDK: News You Can Use On January 21, Internews set up a humanitarian reporting project to report critical information. • The show began on 11 stations • The show reported on: • Water distribution pointsThe show began on 11 stations • Status of displaced persons camps • Public health advisories • The program became available on 27 stations within a few weeks
U.S. Marine Corps. 22ND Marine Expeditionary Unit Craig Clarke, a civilian analyst for U.S. Marine Corps, worked with crisis mapping platform Ushahidi, to provide support for Marine rescue units on the ground.Reports from Ushahidi helped Marines:• Supply water in a displaced persons camp• Distribute devices to sanitize drinking water• Police areas and ensure barricades were not blocking aid from reaching victims