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How to do Research

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  • 1. HOW TO DO RESEARCH
    GET READY, SET, GO
  • 2. GET READY
    Choose a topic
    List keywords, synonyms and concepts
    Search the library catalog
    Read background information
  • 3. Choose a Topic
    Of interest to you
    Manageable
    Specific
    Brainstorm
    List keywords, concepts, synonyms
    Formulate a question or hypothesis
  • 4. Search the Library Catalog
  • 5. Search the Library Catalog
    Find books and media:
    new titles, encyclopedias and reference books
    Read for background information
    Note sources in bibliographies
    Check dates for recency
    Check for availability in catalog
  • 6. Library Catalog Search
  • 7. Library Catalog
  • 8. Get Set: Construct a Search Strategy
    What are effective interventions for schools, parents and law enforcement to stop youth violence and juvenile delinquency?
    Concepts/Keywords
    intervention prevention school parents law enforcement violence crime youth
    Related terms
    programs strategies accommodations partnerships community police family teens young people
    Slang or alternative forms
    kids hits going down cops
    Acronyms
    DEA FBI ATF ICE AAA ALA Teen
  • 9. Use Advanced Searching Techniques
    quotations “ “ to search for multiple terms as a complete phrase “youth violence” “law enforcement”
    truncation * to include all variant endings:
    counsel* (counselor counseling)
    Parentheses ( )
    Sets the order of search. Terms in parentheses are searched
    first:
    “school programs” AND (youth violence OR juvenile delinquency )
    If more than one set is used the one on the left is searched first
  • 10. Boolean Operators: AND, OR, NOT
    Combine search terms for a narrow result:
    “law enforcement” AND“youth programs”
    Combine synonyms or closely related terms for a wider search:
    interventions OR partnerships
    Excludes terms from the search result:
    “youth violence” NOT“juvenile delinquency”
  • 11. Use Research Port
  • 12. Select Databases
  • 13. General Databases
    Academic Search Premier
    JSTOR
    Project Muse
  • 14. Subject Related Databases
    Criminal Justice Periodicals
    Criminal Justice Abstracts
    Crime in the U.S. (Statistics)
    National Criminal Justice Reference Service Abstracts
    National Criminal Justice Reference (NCJRS)
    Social Sciences Citations Index
    Violence and Abuse Abstracts
  • 15. Academic Search Premier
  • 16. Academic Search Premier
  • 17. Academic Search Premier
  • 18. Academic Search Premier
  • 19. Criminal Justice Abstracts
  • 20. Environmental Sci. & Pollution
  • 21. Criminal Justice Abstracts
  • 22. UM find it: Publisher’s Catalog
  • 23. Science Direct
  • 24. Science Direct
  • 25. Searching on the Internet
    Search in Google but evaluate the site before using the information
    Information is written by anyone
    It is not authoritative or peer reviewed by experts in the field
    It is not organized and is difficult to find. Popular items come up first.
    Is flexible with search terms and recognizes phrases or natural languagae
  • 26. Go
    Read sources, take notes
    Organize ideas
    Make an outline
    Write first draft
    Document sources (footnotes or endnotes)
    Write a bibliography
    Revise first draft
    Proofread final draft
  • 27. APA CITATION FORMAT
    Citing Sources Using the APA Publication Manual
    http://www.lib.umd.edu/guides/citing_apa.html
    APA Style Help
    http://www.apastyle.org/apa-style-help.aspx
    How to Write an Annotated Bibliographyhttp://www.umuc.edu/library/tutorials/bibliography/bibliography-text.shtml