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Media language
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Media language

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  • 1. Media languageIf the question is about media language, you need to focus on ‘the language of film’as you have all produced short films (don’t forget other students will have completeddifferent briefs so will be required to talk about media language in a different way, forexample, the language of newspapers).The language of film will necessarily involve discussion of genre and narrative, sodon’t be scared to write a bit about this even if these concepts aren’t directlymentioned in the question.The majority of your response should be about film language in the sense that filmas a medium is a CONSTRUCT and your films are artificial representations.DIEGESIS: You’re familiar with the words diegetic and non-diegetic when talkingabout sound; the term diegesis is somewhat broader in that in refers to the internalworld created by the story the characters experience and the narrative ‘space’ inwhich the story is told. Diegesis is the fictional world in which events unfold. Thismeans that anything you see on screen, or are told about (such as events leading upto the present action, people who are being talked about but not present, events thathave happened elsewhere) are all diegetic. Anything that is neither taking place inthe world of the film, nor is seen, imagined, or thought by a character is non-diegetic. This includes not just soundtrack but titles, subtitles and some voice-overs.CINEMATOGRAPHY can be defined as the making of lighting and camera choiceswhen recording photographic images for the cinema. This can be quite technical andas most of you will have used the ‘automatic’ function on the cameras, yourcinematographic choices are likely to be limited.All your films were shot in the aspect ratio 16:9 widescreen. You recorded video at25fps (frames per second) in most cases.The focal length of the camera lens determines the angle of view and, therefore, thefield of view. Cinematographers can choose between a range of wide angle lenses,"normal" lenses and telephoto lenses, as well as macro lenses and other specialeffect lens systems. Wide-angle lenses have short focal lengths and make spatialdistances more obvious. A person in the distance is shown as much smaller whilesomeone in the front will loom large. A zoom lens allows a camera operator tochange their focal length within a shot or quickly between setups for shots. All yourfilms were shot with a camera with a zoom lens so you can refer to this.Film grammar: Just as written storytelling uses a basic grammar of words, phrasesand sentences, filmmaking uses shots, scenes, and sequences. This is part of filmgrammar — the basics of filmmaking language.Shots By Position In The Scene Shots By Number Of Subjects Establishing Shot Single (One-Shot) Point-Of-View Shot Two Shot Reaction Shot Group Shot
  • 2. Shots By The Type Of Lens Shots By Camera Movement Wide-Angle Shot Dolly Shot Telephoto Shot Panning Shot Zoom Shot Tilting Shot Shots By Camera Angle Shots By Camera Position High Angle Over-The-Shoulder Shot Low Angle Head-On Shot Birds-Eye View Film Punctuation Continuity Fade Out Imaginary 180 degree line Fade In Framing White Out Extreme Close-up Cutting To Black Close-up Colour Fade Medium Shot Dissolve Medium Full Shot Composition Full Shot Light, Colour Wide Shot Camera Angle Match Cut (Match on Action) Camera Movement By camera position Object/Character PlacementIn the subject you need to write about how your film operates within the language of By exam, movementfilm discussed above. Discuss mise-en-scene, shot types, continuity, editing By dialoguedecisions, sound, lighting etc in relation to your production.

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