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Mongolian language
 

Mongolian language

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    Mongolian language Mongolian language Presentation Transcript

    • The Mongolian Education, Language, and Numeral System Andrew Romine Period 4
    • History of Education
      • Originally, only Buddhist monks
        • Higher education was only available in cities
        • Philosophy, doctrine, and protocol of Buddhism were taught
    • Chinese Collapse
      • Secular education began after 1911
        • China collapsed at this time
      • Mongolian languages began to be used for teaching
        • Only 47 enrollees in
        • Yihe Huree in 1912
    • Development
      • Although 55% of party members were illiterate, things were progressing
      • 2.7% of children were in secular schools
      • 13% were in monastery schools
      • 1968 was the first time that all adults were considered literate
      • 20% of the state budget was towards education
    • Further Education
      • Many Mongolians had to travel to the Soviet Union or Eastern Europe for higher level schooling
      • Many children did not choose to do this
    • Current Education
      • Many children do not make it through primary school
      • It is difficult to educate nomadic children
      • Mongolians believe that a woman’s job is to care for the family and the man’s is to run the herd
      • Mostly boys drop
      • out of school
    • Basic Language History
      • Mongolian is a subfamily of Altaic
        • Altaic is mostly spoken in Asia
        • The language is named for the Altai Shan, where some believe it originated
    • Discovery of Turkic
      • Johann von Strahlenberg, a Swedish officer, realized the link between Turkic, Mongolian, and Manchu-Tungus
    • Sub-languages
      • Two main language groups: Western and Eastern
        • Western languages are Oryat and Kalmyk
        • Eastern Languages are Buryat and Mongol
        • There are some outlying
        • languages but they have
        • no written language
    • Early Mongolian
      • A unified Mongolian language was recreated by l inguists
        • Unsure of origin
        • Appeared to be spoken in the 12 th century
    • Middle Mongolian
      • Middle Mongolian was used from 13 th to 16 th century
        • Spread by Genghis Khan
        • Outlying Mongolian languages were created from conquest and destruction
    • Written Text
      • Written Text began in the 13 th century
      • This was the beginning of the pre-classical period
    • Classical Period
      • The Classical Period was from the
      • 17 th to 18 th century
      • Ushered in by
      • Buddhism
    • Modern Mongolian
      • Modern Mongolian languages have been used since the 17 th century
      • Lost many archaic features present in outlying languages
    • Full Written Text
      • It was not until the 19 th century that the modern Mongolian languages ( Buryat, Mongol, Oryat, and Kalmyk) gained a written text
    • Famous Mongolian
      • Many people enjoy Mongolian custom and language
      • Some famous movies are:
        • Prince Tsogt, 1948
        • State of Dogs, 1998
        • The Story of the Weeping Camel, 2003
    • Basic Mongolian Numerals
      • Mongolian Numerals are most likely based on of Tibetan script
      • Mongolian numerals are only used on the tögrög banknotes
        • In Mongolia, the Chinese numeral system is used
        • The Chinese numbers, as well as Mongolian numerals, correspond to the Arabic number system