L5 ap water geopolitics

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L5 ap water geopolitics

  1. 1. Natural resource Canning Factory Uzbekistan Amu Darya Murray Darling Lake Victoria Fishing communities Water supply Economic growth Water Conflict Drinking water Farmers Aral Sea Cotton Aquifer Kenya Ganges Colorado
  2. 2. Learning Objectives • To understand how the supply of water is a Geopolitical issue, by studying the Colorado River • To understand who are the winners and losers of these treaties
  3. 3. Water Geopolitics & Sharing Water • Turn to p49 to find out more about Hydropolitics. • The Helsinki Rules assert the rights of all bordering nations to an equitable share in the water resources.
  4. 4. Coke in India • Read the Coca-Cola article and then watch the DVD • Who are the winners and losers? Winners? Losers?
  5. 5. Why will conflict arise here ? Hoover Dam Phoenix – 1.5 million residents 7 states covered : Wyoming / Colorado New Mexico / Arizona California / Nevada UtahLas Vegas 1.8 million Mojave Desert Salt water : Pacific Ocean and gulf of California Colorado 1 of the bread basket states Glen Canyon Dam
  6. 6. History of the Colorado Basin • Colorado Compact 1922, allocated the water rights between the different states • 1920’s ‘law of the River’ divided the river into the Upper basin states, who had responsibility to supply the lower states • Over time new treaties have been signed and Mexico has also been involved • Now there is a ‘giant plumbing system’, with more than 10 major dams to give water to over 30 million people • Lots of the treaties were established in the 1920’s, since then population, industry and climate here have all changed
  7. 7. DRAMA! • You need to assumer the roles and two judges will decide how best to decide the 90% of the Colorado available to you all. Your case needs to be convincing. Farmers City Dwellers Environmentalist and recreationists Indigenous Groups Mexican People US federal Government Judges
  8. 8. Homework • Answer past exam question from bottom of A3 sheet.

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