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  • Not a society obsessed by body image, but one that is critically engaged with the practice of biological alteration Comparable to certain aspects of independent fashion, for instance – vintage and sustainable clothing; tattoo; piercing

Human Enhancement Technologies Human Enhancement Technologies Presentation Transcript

  • HUMAN ENHANCEMENT TECHNOLOGIES How to ensure early adoption? ROYAL COLLEGE OF ART | 05.10.09 PROFESSOR ANDY MIAH, PHD | twittercom/andymiah
  • http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2009/may/01/body-enhancement-cosmetic-surgery-genetics
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  • Washington Post 2008
  • This is Aimee Mullins
  • Aimee Mullins, photograph by Nick Knight
  • disability ability
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  • uncertainty Dealing with
  • So, how can we Promote early adoption?
  • public reaction Image by Andy Miah
  • How does the story of Steve Kurtz inform how we think about the ethics of science and its regulation via policy? public confidence public engagement
  • I’m a cyborg, but that’s ok
  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/karla_k/2776839587/sizes/l/
  • CANDIDATE ENHANCEMENTS
  • From chance to choice
  • HUMAN ENHANCEMENT CONTESTED VALUE ACCEPTED VALUE TRANSHUMAN b) i) flight ii) Teleportation TRANSHUMAN a) super height life-span intelligence memory drugs health-span PGD (non-disease) cosmetic surgery leg lengthening innoculations flouridization of water ritalin
  • PGDiagnosis / PGSelection Image fr om GATTACA courtesy of the direc to r 1. Accepted Value For selecting out genetic disease 2. Contested Value For selecting preferred characteristics (sex) 3. Radical Transhuman Enhancement 3a) selecting a healthier embryo 3b) i) selecting an embryo whose characteristics extend what is humanly known 3b) ii) perhaps transgenic or chimeric embryos, where species are crossed yielding unhuman-like characteristics.
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  • ‘ human gill adaptation’ (Annas, G.J. ‘Perfect People 2020’ In Miah, A. (2008) Human Futures: Art in an Age of Uncertainty (Liverpool University Press)
  • Enhancement as function?
  • AESTHETIC Inteventions Image courtesy of Pipilotti Rist
  • WHAT IS AN Enhancement? Image by Eduardo Kac
  • ACCUMULATION OF THE CAPITAL BIOCULTURAL
  • BIOCULTURAL CAPITAL The term 'cultural capital' refers to the knowledge of and skills in the discursive realm relating to society, the arts, leisure, sport, science, politics and all the other elements recognised as 'culture' in society at large (Rojek 1995: 68).
  • BIOCULTURAL CAPITAL Bourdieu recognises that acts of labour are required to turn bodies into social entities and that these acts influence how people develop and hold the physical shape of their bodies, and learn how to present their bodies through styles of walk, talk and dress. Far from being natural, these represent highly skilled and socially differentiated accomplishments which start to be learned early in childhood. As it develops, the body bears the indisputable imprint of the individual's social class (in Rojek 1995)
  • ECOHUMAN ENHANCEMENT TODAY MEANS MAKING SURE WE MINIMIZE OUR IMPACT ON THE ENVIRONMENT and EVEN ENSURE OUR EXISTENCE PROMOTES THE HEALTH OF THE ECOSYTEM
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  • How to promote early adoptioN 1. Reduce public FEAR 2. PROMOTE EMPOWERED ACTION 3. CREATE YOUR OWN NARRATIVE 4. IMBUE DESIGN WITH MORALLY APPEALING VALUES 5. PROMOTE the IDEA THAT THERE IS NO DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THERAPY AND ENHANCEMENT
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