Chinese Style Of Management

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Chinese Style Of Management

  1. 1. Chinese Style of Management by Andy Liu
  2. 2. Why do we need to learn about Chinese Style of Management? <ul><li>Economy </li></ul><ul><li>Globalization </li></ul><ul><li>Localization </li></ul><ul><li>New Political Order </li></ul><ul><li>Harmonization </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>“There is something in all countries called management, but its meaning differs to a larger or smaller extent from one country to the other, and it takes considerable historical and cultural insight into local conditions to understand its processes, philosophies, and problems.” (reader, p. 33) </li></ul>A Theory of Culture in Management
  4. 4. A Crash Course in Chinese Culture <ul><li>Xia Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>Tai Chi </li></ul><ul><li>Confucius </li></ul><ul><li>Dao De Jing </li></ul><ul><li>Art of War </li></ul><ul><li>Lao Zi / Lao Tzu </li></ul><ul><li>300 Tang Poems </li></ul><ul><li>I-Ching (Book of Changes) </li></ul><ul><li>Romance of Three Kingdoms </li></ul><ul><li>Zhuge Liang </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Wu Chi </li></ul><ul><li>Chi </li></ul><ul><li>Yin/Yang </li></ul><ul><li>Feng Shui </li></ul><ul><li>Four Books </li></ul><ul><li>Five Classics </li></ul><ul><li>Da Xue (Great learning) </li></ul><ul><li>Zhong Yong (Book of Means) </li></ul><ul><li>Tien Ming (Mandate of Heaven) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Yin Yang
  6. 6. Western View of God and Human <ul><li>God </li></ul><ul><li>commandments </li></ul><ul><li>Human </li></ul><ul><li>Note: God lives above Human and Human can never become god. There is only one God! </li></ul>
  7. 7. Chinese view of God and Human <ul><li>God </li></ul><ul><li>Ghost </li></ul><ul><li>Human </li></ul><ul><li>Note: Human can become god. </li></ul><ul><li>There are many gods. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Misunderstandings on Chinese and Chinese way of doing things <ul><li>1) Chinese govt is an one party govt. It is dictatorship. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Chinese do not have concrete principles. They always behave strangely and hard to predict. </li></ul><ul><li>3) They unconditionally obey their superior without any doubt. </li></ul><ul><li>4) They are always collective. </li></ul><ul><li>5) They don’t allow different ideas and don’t like accepting different opinions. </li></ul><ul><li>6) They always praise about their pass and don’t update or change. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Western View <ul><li>Binary Selection </li></ul><ul><li>Select one of out the two </li></ul>Can Can Not
  10. 10. Chinese View <ul><li>Trinary Selection </li></ul><ul><li>Two becomes three or two becomes one </li></ul>Can Can not No Can No Can not
  11. 11. American Style of Management I want I become Individualism
  12. 12. Japanese Style of Management Collectivism Born Together Glory Together
  13. 13. Chinese Style of Management <ul><li>Mutualism </li></ul>Self Discipline Confer People
  14. 14. Three Main Characteristics <ul><li>People centric. Humanistic management style. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Common goal oriented </li></ul><ul><li>3) Adapt changes accordingly and solve problems in a reasonable manner. Reasonable management style. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Cultural Influence on Perception <ul><li>“ The Chinese usually attribute personal success to luck and failures to personal failings.” (handbook, p. 228) </li></ul><ul><li>“ In contrast, when Americans succeed, they attribute it to personal, internal factors (e.g., hard work, intelligence, initiative). However, when Americans fail they are more likely to blame it on external factors (such as tough competition, poor leadership, interdepartmental problems). This is called the self-serving bias, the tendency for people to attribute their successes to internal factors while blaming external factors.” (handbook, p. 228) </li></ul>
  16. 16. 中国式管理 <ul><li>中华文明 </li></ul><ul><li>中国文化 </li></ul><ul><li>中国文字 </li></ul><ul><li>中国管理 </li></ul>
  17. 17. Chinese Style of Management <ul><li>Chinese Civilization </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese Language </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese Management </li></ul>
  18. 18. My two cents <ul><li>Spent more time on learning Chinese culture </li></ul><ul><li>Be patient on listening and communicating with Chinese and bear with their poor English </li></ul><ul><li>Try to understand the misunderstands on Chinese and Chinese way of doing things </li></ul><ul><li>Take a chance to learn Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Chinese is the best way or the only way to really learn the deep insights of Chinese culture. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Joke <ul><li>“Three men on the desert” </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>“When a person reaches the point that s/he doesn’t have any desire, the highest nobility of character can be naturally reached.” </li></ul>Chinese Proverb
  21. 21.
  22. 22. Q & A
  23. 23. Thank you!

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