Myths & Legends - an introduction

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An intro to a scheme of work taught to year 7 students.

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Myths & Legends - an introduction

  1. 1. Myths, Legends & Folktales
  2. 2. Storytelling is common to every culture. Most people enjoy listening to stories. Storytellers have catered for the need for a 'good story' since the beginning of civilization.
  3. 3. A myth 'conveys a truth' to those who tell it and hear it, rather than necessarily recording a true event. Myths are often used to explain universal and local beginnings and involve supernatural beings.
  4. 4. A legend usually includes an element of truth, or is based on historic facts, but with 'mythical qualities'. Legends usually involve heroic characters or fantastic places and often encompass the spiritual beliefs of the culture in which they originate.
  5. 5. A folktale is a popular story that was passed on in spoken form, from one generation to the next. Usually the author is unknown and there are often many versions of the tale. Folktales comprise fables, fairy tales, old legends and even 'urban legends'.
  6. 6. Myths, legends and folktales are often hard to classify and often overlap.
  7. 7. Why were these stories told?
  8. 8. There are many reasons why stories are told and passed down the generations. Here are just a few of them:
  9. 9. To strengthen the community and provide a common understanding. Stories often reflect the beliefs of the people who tell them.
  10. 10. As a way of providing moral guidance and to show people how they should conduct themselves. The stories also warn of the consequences of not making the right choices.
  11. 11. To explain how the world works, for example why the seasons change, and to explain strange happenings or phenomena such as eclipses. The reasons for these events were often unknown in early times.
  12. 12. Purely for entertainment. Stories were told to amuse and enthral an audience in the days before TV and other forms of mass entertainment.
  13. 13. To pass on history and knowledge, such as the outcome of battles and tales of courage, in ages when many people could not read or write.
  14. 14. For fame, money or recognition – a good story could enhance the teller’s status, line their pockets with gold or build their reputation.
  15. 15. Myth, Legend or folktale?
  16. 16. Myth, Legend or folktale?
  17. 17. Myth, Legend or folktale?
  18. 18. Myth, Legend or folktale?
  19. 19. Myth, Legend or folktale?
  20. 20. Myth, Legend or folktale?
  21. 21. Myth, Legend or folktale?
  22. 22. Myth, Legend or folktale?
  23. 23. Myth, Legend or folktale?
  24. 24. Myth, Legend or folktale?
  25. 25. Myth, Legend or folktale?
  26. 26. Myth, Legend or folktale?

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