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Understanding & Measuring Happiness: Sara Eppel (DEFRA)
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Understanding & Measuring Happiness: Sara Eppel (DEFRA)

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DEFRA's Head of Sustainable Products and Consumers briefs SWO delegates on sustainable development indicators and well-being measures.

DEFRA's Head of Sustainable Products and Consumers briefs SWO delegates on sustainable development indicators and well-being measures.

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  • 1. Sustainable Development Indicators and Wellbeing Measures Sara Eppel, Head Sustainable Products and Consumers, Defra  
  • 2. Wellbeing
    • Securing the Future
    “ What is missing is a means of making sure that wellbeing issues are being tackled consistently, in the right way, and that we are genuinely making a difference to people’s lives”
  • 3. A common understanding
    • Wellbeing is:
    • positive physical, social and mental state
    • individuals have a sense of purpose
    • achieve personal goals & participate
    • supportive personal relationships
    • communities
    • health
    • financial & personal security
    • rewarding employment
    • healthy & attractive environment
  • 4. Wellbeing in Government
    • Audit Commission, Local Government and the Young Foundation
    • Department for Children, School and Families
    • Department for Communities and Local Government
    • Department for Culture, Media and Sport
    • Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
    • Department of Health
    • Department for Work and Pensions
    • Department for Business, Innovation and Skills
    • Office for National Statistics
    • Scottish Executive
    • Welsh Assembly Government
    • Sustainable Development Commission
  • 5. Sustainable development indicators
    • 68 SD indicators
    • Simple presentation
    • ‘ Traffic light’ assessments
    • Pie-chart summaries
    • 45,000 printed per year
    2004 -
    • 220,000 downloads per year
  • 6. SD Indicator framework Sustainable consumption & production Natural resource protection & enhancement Climate change & energy Creating sustainable communities & a fairer world Decoupling emissions, resource use & waste Society Employment & poverty Education Health Mobility & access Justice & equity Housing Wellbeing International Contextual
  • 7. Existing Indicators
    • Fear of crime
  • 8. Existing Indicators
    • Workless households
  • 9. Existing Indicators
    • Suicides
  • 10. Environmental equality Populations living in areas with, in relative terms, the least favourable environmental conditions, 2000-7
  • 11. Framework Domain Factors Health
    • Mental health
    • Physical health
    How we spend our time
    • Active engagement
    • Spending time with family / friends
    Standard of living
    • Employment
    • Material deprivation
    • Financial security
    Achievement in life
    • Education
    • Sense of purpose
    Attitudes and beliefs
    • Feeling threatened
    • Trust
    • Autonomy / control
    • Optimism
    Relationships
    • Personal support
    • Personal relationships
    Environment
    • Housing
    • Use of green space
  • 12. Wellbeing as SD indicators
    • 39. Fear of crime *
    • 41. Workless households
    • 43. Childhood poverty
    • 45. Pensioner poverty
    • 47. Education
    • 50. Healthy life expectancy
    • 51. Mortality rates (suicide)
    • 57. Accessibility *
    • 59. Social justice
    • 60. Environmental equality
    • 62. Housing conditions
    • 66. Satisfaction with local area *
    Perceptions of anti-social behaviour * Self-reported general health * Self-reported long-standing illness * Mortality rates for those with severe mental illness Trust in people in neighbourhood * Influencing decisions in local area *
  • 13. (New) existing indicators
    • Perceptions of anti-social behaviour
  • 14. (New) existing indicators
    • Self-reported general health
  • 15. 68. Wellbeing measures
    • Overall life satisfaction
    • Overall life satisfaction by social grade
    • Satisfaction with aspects of life
    • Satisfaction with aspects of life, by social grade
    • Satisfaction with aspects of life, by age
    • Frequency of positive and negative feelings
    • Frequency of positive and negative feelings, by social grade
    • Frequency of feelings or activities which may have a positive or negative impact on wellbeing
    • Level of participation in sport
    • Access to green space
    • Level of participation in other activities
    • Positive mental health
  • 16. Overall life satisfaction Life satisfaction rating, by socio-economic class
  • 17. Regional dissatisfaction
  • 18. Satisfaction with aspects of life Relationships Accommodation Standard of living Local area Day to day activities Health Leisure Control Achievement of goals Future financial security Community 88% 86% 85% 82% 78% 78% 73% 72% 70% 63% 61% Overall average: fairly or very satisfied Chart shows difference from the average
  • 19. Satisfaction with aspects of life
  • 20. Frequency of feelings Happy Engaged Energised Unsafe Depressed Lonely Everything was an effort Sleep was restless 73% 64% 45% 3% 5% 6% 16% 24% Overall average: everyday or most days in the last 2 weeks Chart shows difference from the average
  • 21.  
  • 22.
      • 11.05-11.25 Refreshments
      • (and opportunity to view the display stands)