SQL FEMA Workshop (South West Observatory - April 2010)

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SWO/SQL FEMA Work looking towards Functional Economic Market Areas for the South West.

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SQL FEMA Workshop (South West Observatory - April 2010)

  1. 1. Functional Economic Market Areas and Economic Linkages – Stakeholder Workshop Tuesday 13 April 2010 Albemarle Centre, Taunton
  2. 2. Introduction to workshop <ul><li>Welcome by Lorna Gibbons, South West Observatory </li></ul>
  3. 3. Purpose of day <ul><li>To introduce study & its outputs </li></ul><ul><li>To discuss how the study can support you in developing LEAs/ Regional Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>To involve you in the specification of the outputs </li></ul><ul><li>To discuss FEMAs in the South West </li></ul>
  4. 4. Contents of day 1. Introduction to study 2. FEMAs & economic development 3. FEMAs & economic linkages in the South West Tea/ coffee break (12.00pm) 4. Early specification of study outputs Lunch (12.45pm) 6. Introduction to afternoon 7. Break-out discussions 8. Feedback Close (by 15.00pm)
  5. 5. Contents of day 1. Introduction to study 2. FEMAs & economic development 3. FEMAs & economic linkages in the South West Tea/ coffee break (11.50am) 4. Early specification of study outputs Lunch (12.45pm) 6. Introduction to afternoon 7. Break-out discussions 8. Feedback Close (by 15.00pm)
  6. 6. 1a. Study objectives <ul><li>Develop a shared evidence base on FEMAs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>will not arrive at a single set of FEMA boundaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>provide consistent approach across region </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To inform preparation of LEAs & Regional Strategy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>may have wider application, but this is not study’s main focus </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ultimate test = outputs are used in future analysis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>study outputs will be jointly owned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>very important that we build on your knowledge & expertise </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. 1b. Study outputs <ul><li>Identification of requirements of policy makers </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment of spatial dynamics of the regional economy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>building on existing knowledge & resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>how FEMAs have developed & may develop in future </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>analysis at a finer grain than previous work </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Analysis presented in Final Report & GIS tool </li></ul><ul><ul><li>tool will be made widely available </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Final event – training on GIS & final presentation of findings </li></ul>
  8. 8. 1c. Study approach Phase 1: Background & Preparation Phase 2: Understanding Stakeholders’ Requirements Phase 3: Delivering a System I: Induction Meeting VII: Reporting & Delivery VI: Analysis and GIS Tool V: Data Book IV: Defining the System III: Understanding Local/ Regional Requirements II: Literature & Data Review
  9. 9. Questions
  10. 10. Contents of day 1. Introduction to study 2. FEMAs & economic development 3. FEMAs & economic linkages in the South West Tea/ coffee break (12.00pm) 4. Early specification of study outputs Lunch (12.45pm) 6. Introduction to afternoon 7. Break-out discussions 8. Feedback Close (by 15.00pm)
  11. 11. 2a. Requirements in national guidance <ul><li>Core objective for LEAs is to, “ identify the economic linkages between the area assessed & the wider economy ” (CLG guidance) </li></ul><ul><li>Economic linkages expressed in terms of FEMAs, “ the area over which the local economy and its key markets operate ” (CLG definition) </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of economic geography also promoted to identify sub-regions for inclusion in Regional Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Requires analysis of how local areas fit into wider markets & links between urban & rural areas </li></ul>
  12. 12. 2b. Why are FEMAs important to economic development? <ul><li>Political geography is different to economic geography </li></ul><ul><li>Economic analysis is best undertaken at the spatial level at which the market operates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>supports better policy making e.g. internalising costs/ benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>supports joint working & overcoming coordination failures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Geography of economic activity is increasingly complicated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>people can live in one admin. area, work in a second & shop in a third </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>there is a distinctive functional geography within admin. boundaries as well as between </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>links for business & people can be truly global </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>development does not match administrative areas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FEMAs help to understand the roles of places & their economic activity </li></ul>
  13. 13. 2c. Approaches to assessing FEMAs <ul><li>No universally agreed approach to defining FEMAs </li></ul><ul><li>FEMAs vary in size, depending on the issue under consideration (e.g. labour market, retail catchments) & the criteria used to define them </li></ul><ul><li>Long-list of analysis ‘themes’ adopted in study </li></ul><ul><ul><li>map against LEA themes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>may be shortened over course of study </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>assessed through mapped data & other analysis </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. 2d. Long-list of FEMA analysis themes <ul><li>Labour markets </li></ul><ul><li>Demography and social issues </li></ul><ul><li>Housing markets </li></ul><ul><li>Supply chains and economic linkages </li></ul><ul><li>Service markets </li></ul><ul><li>Culture and identity </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative areas </li></ul><ul><li>Historical relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Retail markets/ catchments </li></ul><ul><li>Resources and the natural environment </li></ul><ul><li>Transport catchment areas and infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Urban and rural issues </li></ul>
  15. 15. Questions
  16. 16. Contents of day 1. Introduction to study 2. FEMAs & economic development 3. FEMAs & economic linkages in the South West Tea/ coffee break (12.00pm) 4. Early specification of study outputs Lunch (12.45pm) 6. Introduction to afternoon 7. Break-out discussions 8. Feedback Close (by 15.00pm)
  17. 17. 3a. Previous national work <ul><li>Maud Commission on local government, 1966-69 </li></ul><ul><li>Explored ‘ the geographical form of modern socio-economic activity ’ </li></ul><ul><li>8 main spatial units in SW </li></ul><ul><li>Local Government Association analysis of sub-regions, 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Drawing on TTWAs & migration data, defined 9 sub-regions in SW </li></ul><ul><li>Some similarities between maps – FEMAs change slowly </li></ul>
  18. 18. Travel to Work Areas in South West
  19. 19. Functional economic zones (RES)
  20. 20. Settlement hierarchy in South West (draft RSS)
  21. 21. Sub-Regional Housing Markets (draft RSS)
  22. 22. Environmental designations
  23. 23. Questions <ul><li>What do you think about the historic attempts to define functional areas? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the strengths and weaknesses of these approaches? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you want the outputs of this study to be different to previous approaches? </li></ul>
  24. 24. Contents of day 1. Introduction to study 2. FEMAs & economic development 3. FEMAs & economic linkages in the South West Tea/ coffee break (12.00pm) 4. Early specification of study outputs Lunch (12.45pm) 6. Introduction to afternoon 7. Break-out discussions 8. Feedback Close (by 15.00pm)
  25. 25. Contents of day 1. Introduction to study 2. FEMAs & economic development 3. FEMAs & economic linkages in the South West Tea/ coffee break (12.00pm) 4. Early specification of study outputs Lunch (12.45pm) 6. Introduction to afternoon 7. Break-out discussions 8. Feedback Close (by 15.00pm)
  26. 26. 4a. Early specification of study outputs
  27. 27. 4b. Early specification of study outputs
  28. 28. 4c. Early specification of study outputs
  29. 29. 4d. GIS tool <ul><li>Key output of study to show spatial analysis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>supported by narrative & advice on its use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Show ‘layers’ of data & information on FEMAs </li></ul><ul><li>Made widely available including data behind it </li></ul><ul><li>Simple to use & supported by guidance & a training session </li></ul><ul><li>Scope for further analysis by combining data layers & adding data sets/ layers in future </li></ul>
  30. 30. 4e. Emerging GIS tool <ul><li>Presentation by c4g </li></ul>
  31. 31. 4f. ONS Area Classification
  32. 32. Questions
  33. 33. Contents of day 1. Introduction to study 2. FEMAs & economic development 3. FEMAs & economic linkages in the South West Tea/ coffee break (12.00pm) 4. Early specification of study outputs Lunch (12.45pm) 6. Introduction to afternoon 7. Break-out discussions 8. Feedback Close (by 15.00pm)
  34. 34. Contents of day 1. Introduction to study 2. FEMAs & economic development 3. FEMAs & economic linkages in the South West Tea/ coffee break (12.00pm) 4. Early specification of study outputs Lunch (12.45pm) 6. Introduction to afternoon 7. Break-out discussions 8. Feedback Close (by 15.00pm)
  35. 35. 6a. Discussion areas <ul><li>How would you define the main FEMAs that influence economic development in your area? What factors influenced your selection? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How did these FEMAs look 10 years ago? And how will they look in 10-20 years time? Why? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Using the handout, what data or evidence is available for each of the FEMA themes? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Which themes are a priority to influencing economic development in your area? </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. Contents of day 1. Introduction to study 2. FEMAs & economic development 3. FEMAs & economic linkages in the South West Tea/ coffee break (12.00pm) 4. Early specification of study outputs Lunch (12.45pm) 6. Introduction to afternoon 7. Break-out discussions 8. Feedback Close (by 15.00pm)
  37. 37. Contents of day 1. Introduction to study 2. FEMAs & economic development 3. FEMAs & economic linkages in the South West Tea/ coffee break (12.00pm) 4. Early specification of study outputs Lunch (12.45pm) 6. Introduction to afternoon 7. Break-out discussions 8. Feedback Close (by 15.00pm)
  38. 38. 8a. Feedback from break-out groups
  39. 39. Contents of day 1. Introduction to study 2. FEMAs & economic development 3. FEMAs & economic linkages in the South West Tea/ coffee break (12.00pm) 4. Early specification of study outputs Lunch (12.45pm) 6. Introduction to afternoon 7. Break-out discussions 8. Feedback Close (by 15.00pm)
  40. 40. Contact Matt Sales Senior Consultant SQW Consulting t. 020 7307 7170 e. [email_address] w. www.sqw.co.uk

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