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SQL FEMA Workshop (South West Observatory - April 2010)
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SQL FEMA Workshop (South West Observatory - April 2010)

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SWO/SQL FEMA Work looking towards Functional Economic Market Areas for the South West.

SWO/SQL FEMA Work looking towards Functional Economic Market Areas for the South West.

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  • 1. Functional Economic Market Areas and Economic Linkages – Stakeholder Workshop Tuesday 13 April 2010 Albemarle Centre, Taunton
  • 2. Introduction to workshop
    • Welcome by Lorna Gibbons, South West Observatory
  • 3. Purpose of day
    • To introduce study & its outputs
    • To discuss how the study can support you in developing LEAs/ Regional Strategy
    • To involve you in the specification of the outputs
    • To discuss FEMAs in the South West
  • 4. Contents of day 1. Introduction to study 2. FEMAs & economic development 3. FEMAs & economic linkages in the South West Tea/ coffee break (12.00pm) 4. Early specification of study outputs Lunch (12.45pm) 6. Introduction to afternoon 7. Break-out discussions 8. Feedback Close (by 15.00pm)
  • 5. Contents of day 1. Introduction to study 2. FEMAs & economic development 3. FEMAs & economic linkages in the South West Tea/ coffee break (11.50am) 4. Early specification of study outputs Lunch (12.45pm) 6. Introduction to afternoon 7. Break-out discussions 8. Feedback Close (by 15.00pm)
  • 6. 1a. Study objectives
    • Develop a shared evidence base on FEMAs
      • will not arrive at a single set of FEMA boundaries
      • provide consistent approach across region
    • To inform preparation of LEAs & Regional Strategy
      • may have wider application, but this is not study’s main focus
    • Ultimate test = outputs are used in future analysis
      • study outputs will be jointly owned
      • very important that we build on your knowledge & expertise
  • 7. 1b. Study outputs
    • Identification of requirements of policy makers
    • Assessment of spatial dynamics of the regional economy
      • building on existing knowledge & resources
      • how FEMAs have developed & may develop in future
      • analysis at a finer grain than previous work
    • Analysis presented in Final Report & GIS tool
      • tool will be made widely available
    • Final event – training on GIS & final presentation of findings
  • 8. 1c. Study approach Phase 1: Background & Preparation Phase 2: Understanding Stakeholders’ Requirements Phase 3: Delivering a System I: Induction Meeting VII: Reporting & Delivery VI: Analysis and GIS Tool V: Data Book IV: Defining the System III: Understanding Local/ Regional Requirements II: Literature & Data Review
  • 9. Questions
  • 10. Contents of day 1. Introduction to study 2. FEMAs & economic development 3. FEMAs & economic linkages in the South West Tea/ coffee break (12.00pm) 4. Early specification of study outputs Lunch (12.45pm) 6. Introduction to afternoon 7. Break-out discussions 8. Feedback Close (by 15.00pm)
  • 11. 2a. Requirements in national guidance
    • Core objective for LEAs is to, “ identify the economic linkages between the area assessed & the wider economy ” (CLG guidance)
    • Economic linkages expressed in terms of FEMAs, “ the area over which the local economy and its key markets operate ” (CLG definition)
    • Analysis of economic geography also promoted to identify sub-regions for inclusion in Regional Strategy
    • Requires analysis of how local areas fit into wider markets & links between urban & rural areas
  • 12. 2b. Why are FEMAs important to economic development?
    • Political geography is different to economic geography
    • Economic analysis is best undertaken at the spatial level at which the market operates
      • supports better policy making e.g. internalising costs/ benefits
      • supports joint working & overcoming coordination failures
    • Geography of economic activity is increasingly complicated
      • people can live in one admin. area, work in a second & shop in a third
      • there is a distinctive functional geography within admin. boundaries as well as between
      • links for business & people can be truly global
      • development does not match administrative areas
    • FEMAs help to understand the roles of places & their economic activity
  • 13. 2c. Approaches to assessing FEMAs
    • No universally agreed approach to defining FEMAs
    • FEMAs vary in size, depending on the issue under consideration (e.g. labour market, retail catchments) & the criteria used to define them
    • Long-list of analysis ‘themes’ adopted in study
      • map against LEA themes
      • may be shortened over course of study
      • assessed through mapped data & other analysis
  • 14. 2d. Long-list of FEMA analysis themes
    • Labour markets
    • Demography and social issues
    • Housing markets
    • Supply chains and economic linkages
    • Service markets
    • Culture and identity
    • Administrative areas
    • Historical relationships
    • Retail markets/ catchments
    • Resources and the natural environment
    • Transport catchment areas and infrastructure
    • Urban and rural issues
  • 15. Questions
  • 16. Contents of day 1. Introduction to study 2. FEMAs & economic development 3. FEMAs & economic linkages in the South West Tea/ coffee break (12.00pm) 4. Early specification of study outputs Lunch (12.45pm) 6. Introduction to afternoon 7. Break-out discussions 8. Feedback Close (by 15.00pm)
  • 17. 3a. Previous national work
    • Maud Commission on local government, 1966-69
    • Explored ‘ the geographical form of modern socio-economic activity ’
    • 8 main spatial units in SW
    • Local Government Association analysis of sub-regions, 2007
    • Drawing on TTWAs & migration data, defined 9 sub-regions in SW
    • Some similarities between maps – FEMAs change slowly
  • 18. Travel to Work Areas in South West
  • 19. Functional economic zones (RES)
  • 20. Settlement hierarchy in South West (draft RSS)
  • 21. Sub-Regional Housing Markets (draft RSS)
  • 22. Environmental designations
  • 23. Questions
    • What do you think about the historic attempts to define functional areas?
    • What are the strengths and weaknesses of these approaches?
    • How do you want the outputs of this study to be different to previous approaches?
  • 24. Contents of day 1. Introduction to study 2. FEMAs & economic development 3. FEMAs & economic linkages in the South West Tea/ coffee break (12.00pm) 4. Early specification of study outputs Lunch (12.45pm) 6. Introduction to afternoon 7. Break-out discussions 8. Feedback Close (by 15.00pm)
  • 25. Contents of day 1. Introduction to study 2. FEMAs & economic development 3. FEMAs & economic linkages in the South West Tea/ coffee break (12.00pm) 4. Early specification of study outputs Lunch (12.45pm) 6. Introduction to afternoon 7. Break-out discussions 8. Feedback Close (by 15.00pm)
  • 26. 4a. Early specification of study outputs
  • 27. 4b. Early specification of study outputs
  • 28. 4c. Early specification of study outputs
  • 29. 4d. GIS tool
    • Key output of study to show spatial analysis
      • supported by narrative & advice on its use
    • Show ‘layers’ of data & information on FEMAs
    • Made widely available including data behind it
    • Simple to use & supported by guidance & a training session
    • Scope for further analysis by combining data layers & adding data sets/ layers in future
  • 30. 4e. Emerging GIS tool
    • Presentation by c4g
  • 31. 4f. ONS Area Classification
  • 32. Questions
  • 33. Contents of day 1. Introduction to study 2. FEMAs & economic development 3. FEMAs & economic linkages in the South West Tea/ coffee break (12.00pm) 4. Early specification of study outputs Lunch (12.45pm) 6. Introduction to afternoon 7. Break-out discussions 8. Feedback Close (by 15.00pm)
  • 34. Contents of day 1. Introduction to study 2. FEMAs & economic development 3. FEMAs & economic linkages in the South West Tea/ coffee break (12.00pm) 4. Early specification of study outputs Lunch (12.45pm) 6. Introduction to afternoon 7. Break-out discussions 8. Feedback Close (by 15.00pm)
  • 35. 6a. Discussion areas
    • How would you define the main FEMAs that influence economic development in your area? What factors influenced your selection?
      • How did these FEMAs look 10 years ago? And how will they look in 10-20 years time? Why?
    • Using the handout, what data or evidence is available for each of the FEMA themes?
      • Which themes are a priority to influencing economic development in your area?
  • 36. Contents of day 1. Introduction to study 2. FEMAs & economic development 3. FEMAs & economic linkages in the South West Tea/ coffee break (12.00pm) 4. Early specification of study outputs Lunch (12.45pm) 6. Introduction to afternoon 7. Break-out discussions 8. Feedback Close (by 15.00pm)
  • 37. Contents of day 1. Introduction to study 2. FEMAs & economic development 3. FEMAs & economic linkages in the South West Tea/ coffee break (12.00pm) 4. Early specification of study outputs Lunch (12.45pm) 6. Introduction to afternoon 7. Break-out discussions 8. Feedback Close (by 15.00pm)
  • 38. 8a. Feedback from break-out groups
  • 39. Contents of day 1. Introduction to study 2. FEMAs & economic development 3. FEMAs & economic linkages in the South West Tea/ coffee break (12.00pm) 4. Early specification of study outputs Lunch (12.45pm) 6. Introduction to afternoon 7. Break-out discussions 8. Feedback Close (by 15.00pm)
  • 40. Contact Matt Sales Senior Consultant SQW Consulting t. 020 7307 7170 e. [email_address] w. www.sqw.co.uk