Jo Pye: Green Skills


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Jo Pye, Senior Researcher, SWO Skills & Learning Module (SLIM), talks to the SWO Future Skills Policy Seminar on green skills.

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Jo Pye: Green Skills

  1. 1. Green Skills, Green Jobs: Opportunities for the South West Low Carbon Economy Jo Pye Senior Researcher Skills and Learning Intelligence Module (SLIM) Marchmont Observatory University of Exeter Graduate School of Education
  2. 2. Benefits of a Green Economy As stated by ARUP in a report commissioned by the South West Regional Development Agency: “ there  are  compelling  reasons  and  drivers  for  a  green  economic  recovery.   Confronting  the  mounting  energy and  climate  change  crises  represents  an  extraordinary  opportunity  to  reinvigorate  the  economy through investment  in  clean,  sustainable,  low  carbon initiatives.”
  3. 3. Drivers towards Green Skills and Jobs <ul><li>Legislation and standards to reduce carbon emissions (eg environmental audit requirements such as BREEAM) </li></ul><ul><li>Public sector investment into, and promotion of, more sustainable technologies, material and ways of living </li></ul><ul><li>Organisations adopting environmental policies </li></ul><ul><li>Potential market opportunities afforded by renewable energy </li></ul><ul><li>Much recent activity in government departments, industry bodies, skills advisors, researchers, environmental agencies and special interest groups </li></ul>
  4. 4. What are Green Jobs? <ul><ul><ul><li>“ work  in  agricultural,  manufacturing,  research  and  development, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>administrative,  and  service  activities  that  contribute  substantially  to </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>preserving environmental  quality  …  jobs  that help to protect ecosystems  and  biodiversity;  reduce  energy,  materials, and water </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>consumption  through  high  efficiency  strategies; de‐carbonize the economy; and minimize …  generation  of  all  forms of waste and pollution.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- United Nations Environment Programme </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>But others say … </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ there  is  no  accepted  definition  of  what  'green  jobs'  actually  are. The term  has  variously  been  used  to  refer  to  jobs  in  environmental services, new  renewable  energy  plant  and  other  low  carbon  energy sources, production  of  low  carbon  or  environmentally‐friendly products, installation  of  energy  efficiency  measures,  environmental consulting  and low  carbon  finance  …  there  is  no  single,  generic  'green' skillset.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Institute  for  Public  Policy  Research  (ippr): Evidence to House of Commons Environmental  Audit  Inquiry </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Selected national policy papers on green skills and employment <ul><li>Stern  Review:  the  Economics  of  Climate  Change. 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>Building  a  low‐carbon  economy:  the  UK’s  contribution to  tackling  climate  change. 2008.   </li></ul><ul><li>Building  a  low‐carbon  economy:  Unlocking  innovation and  skills. Defra response  to  CEMEP.  2008. </li></ul><ul><li>BERR. Building  Britain’s  Future:  new  industries, new  jobs. 2009.   </li></ul><ul><li>BERR/DECC/DIUS. Investing in a low carbon Britain. 2009.   </li></ul><ul><li>BIS.  The  Future  of  EU  Competitiveness:  from  economic  recovery  to  sustainable  growth.  2009. </li></ul><ul><li>DECC. Strategy for climate and energy. 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>DECC. Renewable energy strategy. 2009. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The UK Low Carbon Industrial Strategy <ul><li>Low Carbon and Environmental Goods and Services (LCEGS) sector - three key areas of economic activity: </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental sector, including energy, carbon and broader environmental consultancy, air pollution control, environmental monitoring and management, marine pollution control, waste management, recovery, recycling.   </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable energy sector, including wind, wave and tidal, biomass, geothermal, hydro and photovoltaic energy generation and renewables consultancy. </li></ul><ul><li>Emerging low carbon sector, including alternative fuels such as nuclear, and alternative fuels for vehicles, carbon capture and storage, building technologies, energy management and carbon finance.   </li></ul>
  7. 7. Key industry sectors to drive low carbon innovation <ul><li>Carbon capture and storage </li></ul><ul><li>Offshore wind generation </li></ul><ul><li>Marine energy </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear energy </li></ul><ul><li>Low carbon vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Other significant growth predicted in: </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable sources: solar, biomass, hydrogen, geothermal, hydrogen and fuel cells </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient processes: waste management, recovery and recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Business sectors: carbon finance, other environmental industries </li></ul>
  8. 8. What are Green Skills? <ul><li>The Institute for Employment Studies defines these as the following: </li></ul><ul><li>energy  efficiency  jobs  in  existing  production  sectors </li></ul><ul><li>higher level skills in energy efficient industrial process design </li></ul><ul><li>new  skills  for  advanced  energy  technologies.   </li></ul><ul><li>Pro Enviro for Defra identified a ‘latent demand’ for Low Carbon and Resource Efficient Economy Skills (LCREE): </li></ul><ul><li>“ demand  is  not  currently  being  articulated  by  employers  and  as  a result  the  current  skills  delivery  framework  is  ill  equipped  to anticipate  and  respond.  Organisations  do  not  have  the  right  levels of  understanding  of  the  skills  requirements  and  implications … and  consequently  of  the  importance  and  potential  benefits  of integration  of  LCREE  skills  into  their  businesses. “  </li></ul>
  9. 9. What are Green Skills? <ul><li>Pro Enviro green skills checklist: </li></ul><ul><li>Design skills : eco-design, green manufacturing and materials </li></ul><ul><li>Waste skills : monitoring, process, management, minimisation </li></ul><ul><li>Energy skills : management, trading, renewables, optimisation </li></ul><ul><li>Water skills : management, re-use and monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Building skills : energy management, energy efficient construction, efficiency and carbon ratings </li></ul><ul><li>Transport skills : impact minimisation and management </li></ul><ul><li>Materials skills : sourcing, procurement and management </li></ul><ul><li>Financial skills : investment, principles and tools </li></ul><ul><li>Management : business planning, awareness and assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Policy and planning : strategy development and implementation </li></ul>
  10. 10. South West England: the first UK Low Carbon Economic Area <ul><li>The  South  West  LCEA  will  develop  low  carbon  economic opportunities  in marine energy through: </li></ul><ul><li>the  creation  of  new  demonstration  facilities  for  wave and  tidal  power  (eg  the  Wave  Hub  project  in  Cornwall); </li></ul><ul><li>investment  in  world  class  academic  and  research strengths (eg  the  PRIMarE  marine  research  institute);   </li></ul><ul><li>a  new  network  of  science  parks  and  businesses; </li></ul><ul><li>a new  port  infrastructure; </li></ul><ul><li>and  the  creation  of  an  industry  forum  based  in  the region. </li></ul>
  11. 11. South West Regional Economic Task Group priorities <ul><li>‘ Green recovery’ should be achieved through a broader response to the recession and a contribution to the low carbon economy: </li></ul><ul><li>domestic  energy  efficiency,   </li></ul><ul><li>business  resource  efficiency  advice,   </li></ul><ul><li>financial  support  for  marine  technologies,   </li></ul><ul><li>and  the  potential  of  new  nuclear  energy. </li></ul>
  12. 12. SLIM Workshop: Tess Gill, Sustainable Development Commission <ul><li>Skills for sustainable development include: </li></ul><ul><li>Generic and core STEM skills </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership and management </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable procurement </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental and risk management </li></ul><ul><li>Energy and resource management </li></ul><ul><li>Skills development needs to build on existing skills, not starting from scratch </li></ul><ul><li>All stakeholders should be involved, with the onus not just on employers and SSCs. Language is important: ‘resource efficiency’ means more than ‘low carbon’ to employers </li></ul>
  13. 13. SLIM Workshop Findings: What skills and jobs will be needed? <ul><li>Retraining the existing workforce - skills for three groups: managers, specialists and general staff </li></ul><ul><li>Green skills should be incorporated into job descriptions as: </li></ul><ul><li>Visioning and leadership skills - diagnostic skills, strategic and financial planning, carbon accounting </li></ul><ul><li>Communication and people skills: negotiation and engagement </li></ul><ul><li>STEM skills: filling existing gaps; both generic and for specific technologies </li></ul><ul><li>General sustainability skills; environmentally responsible practice throughout the workforce </li></ul>
  14. 14. SLIM Workshop Findings: Issues for employers <ul><li>Target skills needs to each organisation and its operating environment. Define good practice in green skills, to enable employers to identify staff skills gaps </li></ul><ul><li>Communication and language are important: be clear about carbon from a business perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Green skills must be made relevant and attractive to SMEs, for business and/or financial advantage </li></ul><ul><li>Use supply chain and business mentoring as mechanisms </li></ul><ul><li>Public sector should ‘share the risk’ and lead with investment in low carbon literacy and procurement. Government and others should drive consumer demand </li></ul>
  15. 15. SLIM Workshop Findings: Cultural issues <ul><li>Three poles: legislation, market pressures and public support </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of information, advice and guidance is key </li></ul><ul><li>Intermediaries are able to promote delivery and incorporate existing skillsets like leadership and management. Green champions should be used, such as green union reps </li></ul><ul><li>The drive for change needs to make full use of early adopters, exemplars and advocates </li></ul><ul><li>Raising demand for green skills necessitates changing minds – closing the gap between acceptance of environmental issues and recognition of the real situation. </li></ul>
  16. 16. SLIM Workshop Findings: How to initiate green jobs? <ul><li>ESF, regional strategies, links to regional and mainstream funding </li></ul><ul><li>Support partnership development, the supply chain and employer collaboration, which could be used to develop alternative business models: </li></ul><ul><li>leasing instead of buying; </li></ul><ul><li>sharing capacity and resources; </li></ul><ul><li>repairing rather than replacing equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>Public sector leadership through policy clarity and spreading the risk of investment </li></ul><ul><li>Transformational issues/thinking for employers </li></ul><ul><li>Link funding to collaborative work and local / regional impact on priorities. </li></ul>
  17. 17. SLIM Workshop Findings: Delivering green skills <ul><li>Improve linkages with existing funding and projects to highlight current good practice: Convergence/Competitiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Build on LESBs and other existing partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Require employer input for curriculum design and delivery eg via SSC kitemarks; opportunities through Sector Skills Academies </li></ul><ul><li>Engage employers through clusters and supply change and organisations like FSB / Chambers </li></ul><ul><li>Join up accredited training for renewable energy technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Share theoretical and practical expertise between higher and further education experts, drawing on successful business models and mechanisms for dissemination </li></ul><ul><li>Align academic and professional qualifications and ensure industry accredited courses can be delivered. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Further reading <ul><li>DECC: Investing  in  a  Low  Carbon  Britain </li></ul><ul><li>   </li></ul><ul><li>LSC: Skills for a Sustainable Low Carbon and Resource Efficient Economy </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>How  to  Green  your  workplace,  a  TUC  Guide  </li></ul><ul><li>   </li></ul><ul><li>The UK Low Carbon Transition Plan: National Strategy for Climate and Energy </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>New Industry, New Jobs.   </li></ul><ul><li>Green  Jobs:  Towards  decent  work  in  a  sustainable,  low‐carbon  world.   </li></ul><ul><li> ) </li></ul><ul><li>The  UK  Renewable  Energy  Strategy. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  19. 19. Skills and Learning Intelligence Module <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Helpdesk: 01392 264850 </li></ul>