IDeA LEA Presentation 23.06.09

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IDeA's LEA Presentation from June 2009 (pre LEA Guidance being published) with interesting information on understanding your area.

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  • We are interested for several reasons; It is a proxy for poverty and deprivation and in the current economic climate it looks like it will get worse It is connected and related to a raft of other issues and agendas; welfare to work, child poverty, employment Because if you are interested in improving the quality and circumstances of someone’s life and the lives of their children then we know that the impact of financial exclusion and indebtedness can have an impact on both physical and mental health.
  • We are interested for several reasons; It is a proxy for poverty and deprivation and in the current economic climate it looks like it will get worse It is connected and related to a raft of other issues and agendas; welfare to work, child poverty, employment Because if you are interested in improving the quality and circumstances of someone’s life and the lives of their children then we know that the impact of financial exclusion and indebtedness can have an impact on both physical and mental health.
  • IDeA LEA Presentation 23.06.09

    1. 1. Local Economic Assessments or Telling the economic story of your place IDeA LEA Event 23 rd June 2009
    2. 2. Telling the story of place <ul><li>An EA is a narrative (it tells a story) supported by evidence (quantitative and qualitative) which gives cohesion and plausibility and suggests priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Geography and Place are important </li></ul>
    3. 3. Challenges <ul><li>Ensuring consistency but not uniformity </li></ul><ul><li>One assessment, many players and versions of guidance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RDAs, Regional Observatories, Regional Assemblies, LGA, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of and profile in the sector are important </li></ul><ul><li>Reflecting the variety of authorities </li></ul><ul><li>Making it accessible to members, officers and key partners </li></ul><ul><li>Current data vs robust/completeness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data converge 2013 (Census 2011) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Functional economic areas do not fit administrative boundaries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>need to think carefully about how to reflect the diversity of economic geography in any assessment. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Lies, damn lies and forecasting!” </li></ul><ul><li>Positioning assessment as a broader evidence base </li></ul>
    4. 4. 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Local Area Agreement Local Development Framework 2010 Sustainable Community Strategy IRS Regional Economic Strategy Regional Spatial Strategy Refresh Refresh Economic Assessment
    5. 5. Developing an Economic Assessment
    6. 6. Identifying your start position <ul><li>Geography </li></ul><ul><li>Two tier and single tier </li></ul><ul><li>History of partnership working </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship with other policies/strategies/plans/services </li></ul><ul><li>History of funding </li></ul><ul><li>Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Data capability </li></ul><ul><li>Economic downturn – are we starting from year zero? </li></ul><ul><li>First one light touch baseline. Second one ‘Full Monty’ </li></ul>
    7. 7. Perceptions Intelligence Data Different types of Evidence
    8. 8. Assessment Process Scope & Purpose Initial evidence collation Commission additional evidence Gap Analysis Draft Assessment Test & Refine Final Assessment Review & Revision Disseminate Internal and External Consultation
    9. 9. Introduction <ul><li>Setting out the purpose and scope of the assessment, the approach used, the economic geography of the assessment area and its historical context </li></ul><ul><li>Indicating the nature of the partnerships and other strategies and data sources relevant to the authority which impinge on the assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Justifying the case for any additional or bespoke analysis undertaken within the assessment </li></ul>
    10. 10. Dynamism, Flows & Trends <ul><li>Linkages and Flows </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the economic linkages within the area and between it and the wider economy; </li></ul><ul><li>Travel to work & commuting patterns, goods and services flows, retail and leisure catchments, school travel and catchment boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Congestion, road condition, access and use or private and public transport, broadband access </li></ul><ul><li>Future Economic Forecasts </li></ul><ul><li>Review the current forecasting predictions (and assumptions) for the area </li></ul><ul><li>Most likely to be associated with the RES and RSS and being consolidated as part of the development of the IRS </li></ul>
    11. 11. People <ul><li>Demography </li></ul><ul><li>Population, Ethnicity, Disability, Migrants, Households, Deprivation </li></ul><ul><li>Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Qualification levels, NEETs, training infrastructure, location and patterns of F/HE provision </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Economic (in)activity rates, types & rates of incapacity benefit, extent of financial exclusion, household income </li></ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational structure,wages, density, unemployment, patterns of home-working </li></ul>
    12. 12. Business & Enterprise <ul><li>Key sectors and businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Supply chain linkages </li></ul><ul><li>Inward investment trends </li></ul><ul><li>Business formation, survival and failure rates </li></ul><ul><li>Levels of self employment </li></ul><ul><li>% of Knowledge Intensive Businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Split of public/private sector employment </li></ul><ul><li>Links with universities </li></ul><ul><li>Constraints on investment and growth </li></ul><ul><li>Strength of business engagement and local business networks </li></ul><ul><li>Informal economic activity </li></ul>
    13. 13. Housing & Planning <ul><li>House affordability, stock conditions, likely future changes to stock </li></ul><ul><li>Land use allocation and zoning, implemented and unimplemented planning permissions, existing floorspace, rents by grade, office land values, construction rates, trends and demand, infrastructure capacity issues, marketability of sites </li></ul>
    14. 14. Natural amenities and environment <ul><li>State of local resources – habitats, farm land, water, biodiversity etc </li></ul><ul><li>Nature and extent of pollution & emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Where relevant coastal erosion, fluvial and sea inundation risks </li></ul><ul><li>Carrying capacity – current and future </li></ul>
    15. 15. Analysis – What does it all mean? <ul><li>Assessment must be more than a list of data tables </li></ul><ul><li>Provide snapshot and patterns/trends </li></ul><ul><li>Connect supply & demand issues </li></ul><ul><li>SWOT – relative and absolute positioning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>assets as well deficiencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>enablers and inhibitors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>compare and benchmark with appropriate ‘neighbours’ & regional/national averages </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Connect to other territorially overlapping assessments such as the LDF/JSNA/SHMA </li></ul><ul><li>GIS mapping key to understanding and implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Small area (LSOA) analysis to show the pattern of the distribution of key economic features </li></ul>
    16. 16. Data GVA per head, Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF) - (ONS ), 5 Drivers: Investment in Physical Capital / Workforce Skills / Innovation / Competition / Enterprise Productivity Rural_urban definitions: Commission for Rural Communities Spatial definitions Agricultural Census (Defra), Domestic Energy consumption (ONS), Land use database (CLG), Land use change statistics (CLG LUCS), CO2 consumption (Defra), Shoreline Management Plans (Environment Agency), Strategic Flood Risk Assessments (Local Authorities), Household waste collected per head (Defra), Waste recycling rates (Defra), Biodiversity/Habitat Inventory (MAGIC), SSSIs/AONB (NE), Joint Character Areas & LA Landscape Character Assessments (CQC) Environment VOA register, Census, Road Accidents, Household spaces and accommodation type, Vacant dwellings, Tenure (ONS), Annual Business Inquiry (employment changes), House price to income ratios (DCLG), Housing Market Area Assessments, Land Use data (local authorities), LA & RSL Housing stock (local authorities), No. of additional/affordable homes delivered (local authorities), Core national accessibility indicators (Dept. for Transport) Housing, Planning and Connectivity Valuation Office Agency (VOA) register, Companies House database, Homeworkers Census, Self-employment (nomis), VAT based businesses by age, employment group and industry group, Floor space & rateable value (ONS, nomis, Commuterview), Proprietorial databases Enterprise Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings workplace income data, Job density data, Unemployment rate 16+ (nomis), Local units by employment size band, (ONS) Employment Notifiable offences recorded, Benefits data, Index of Multiple Deprivation, Life expectancy, Infant mortality, All age/all cause mortality rate (NCHOD), Worklessness, Ethnicity (ONS), Active people Sport Survey (Sport England) Inclusion Census and Labour Force Survey, Key figures for education, skills and training (ONS), NEET (DCSF and Connexions CCIS) Skills Age, Ethnic group, Residential population and Sex distribution (ONS), Disability (ONS, nomis), Age structure change over decade, No. Of Households (ONS, NESS) Demography TTWA data (ONS), Commuting data – 2001 census, Strategic Housing Market Area Assessments (Local Authorities), Forecasting models in Regional Spatial Strategy and Regional Economic Strategy documents. Proprietorial databases Linkages and Flows
    17. 17. Local Economic Assessments or Telling the economic story of your place IDeA LEA Event 23 rd June 2009

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