Functional Economic Market Areas in the South West Gareth Jones 18 June 2010
Agenda 1. Purpose and objectives   2. Background and approach 3. The Spatial Economic Analysis Tool – South West 5. The fu...
Agenda 1. Purpose and objectives   2. Background and approach 3. The Spatial Economic Analysis Tool – South West 5. The fu...
Purpose and objectives <ul><li>Local economic assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Functional economic market areas </li></ul><ul>...
Purpose and objectives
Agenda 1. Purpose and objectives   2. Background and approach 3. The Spatial Economic Analysis Tool – South West 5. The fu...
Background and approach Phase 1:  Background  &  Preparation Phase 2: Understanding Stakeholders’ Requirements Phase 3: De...
Background and approach <ul><li>Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Shared evidence base </li></ul><ul><li>Robust evidence base...
Agenda 1. Purpose and objectives   2. Background and approach 3. The Spatial Economic Analysis Tool – South West 5. The fu...
The Spatial Economic Analysis Tool – South West <ul><li>Functionality </li></ul><ul><li>100 layers </li></ul><ul><li>LSOA ...
Spatial Economic Analysis Tool Layers <ul><li>Access to services </li></ul><ul><li>Distance to food store </li></ul><ul><l...
Spatial Economic Analysis Tool Layers <ul><li>Economy </li></ul><ul><li>Average distance to work  </li></ul><ul><li>Busine...
Spatial Economic Analysis Tool Layers <ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><li>IMD score </li></ul><ul><li>Claimant count </li></u...
Agenda 1. Purpose and objectives   2. Background and approach 3. The Spatial Economic Analysis Tool – South West 5. The fu...
Multi Variate Analysis <ul><li>What is MVA? </li></ul><ul><li>Single map of the region - summary </li></ul><ul><li>Data co...
Multi Variate Analysis
Multi Variate Analysis <ul><li>Seven clusters: </li></ul><ul><li>LIGHT BLUE: Poor housing, ethnic diversity, students, hig...
Local Economic Assessment Themes Competitiveness and productivity Economic competitiveness Housing Transport and other inf...
Structure of the economy Employment in public administration, education and health
Structure of the economy Employment in public administration, education and health
Enterprise and innovation Knowledge economy, HEIs and low levels of deprivation
Enterprise and innovation Knowledge economy, HEIs and low levels of deprivation
Economic inclusion Deprivation and benefit claimants
Economic inclusion Deprivation and benefit claimants
Economic inclusion Economic inactivity
Agenda 1. Purpose and objectives   2. Background and approach 3. The Spatial Economic Analysis Tool – South West 5. The fu...
The future <ul><li>Usage of the Spatial Economic Analysis Tool </li></ul><ul><li>Updateable </li></ul><ul><li>Potential to...
Agenda 1. Purpose and objectives   2. Background and approach 3. The Spatial Economic Analysis Tool – South West 5. The fu...
Contact Dr Gareth Jones Director SQW Consulting t.  07966 397922 e. gjones @sqw.co.uk w.  www.sqw.co.uk
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Functional Economic Market Areas in the South West - Gareth Jones

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  • 2 min Background and overview of the process – setting the scene The geography of economic activity is increasingly complicated …[where did this quote come from?]
  • 2 min Purpose and objectives Background and approach The Spatial Economic Analysis Tool – South West Using the tool The future Questions and discussion
  • 2 min Purpose and objectives Background and approach The Spatial Economic Analysis Tool – South West Using the tool The future Questions and discussion
  • 5 min Local Economic Assessments Requirement to understand functional economic market areas Understanding linkages between the local area and the wider economy Undertaking analysis that is not constrained by administrative boundaries No universally agreed way to define FEMAs Can be drawn in different ways according to the issue under discussion i.e. economic activity, labour catchment, retail, housing markets Provides a tool for local authorities to do this and some initial analysis to help you on your way Ensuring that this is done on a consistent basis so that future discussions draw on a shared evidence base Undertaking analysis at the level at which the market operates – allows for better policy-making – which may not respect administrative boundaries Potential for better integration of policy making But useful for more than just statutory reasons Inform a range of policies that the LEA will inform Flexibility to look at a range of indicators Regional level uses – adds to the regional evidence base – allowing analysis at regional, sub-regional and local levels
  • 3 min Previous work on functional geography in the South West RES – functional economic zones (backed up by characteristic zones) Retail hierarchy Housing market areas Travel to work areas Often undertaken from a regional perspective Arrives at a single set of boundaries Single issue Why and how this work goes beyond the previous work Finer grain of data collection and presentation Ability for all stakeholders to take the system and use it. Zoom in and around local areas and region. Look at different datasets. Change the way in which datasets are presented Also reviewed analysis undertaken in other regions to see what can be learned from this These previous analyses are available in the Tool so that they can be reviewed
  • 2 min Purpose and objectives Background and approach The Spatial Economic Analysis Tool – South West Using the tool The future Questions and discussion
  • 5 min Overview of methodology Understanding stakeholders requirements has been a key stage of this work Importance of consultation process. Who was consulted? How? Workshop consultations One-to-one consultations Steering group representing the range of stakeholders – local authorities, SWC, SWRDA, SWO Functionality required as consequence of consultation process
  • 2 min Functionality required by stakeholders Shared evidence base to enable policy development Robust evidence base with the ability to generate maps to inform policy development Inform joint working Ability to explore issues around LEAs Support LEAs, but also going further to support economic development and planning policy and potentially to inform investment decisions Interest in a range of issues, including economy, transport, infrastructure, retail
  • 2 min Purpose and objectives Background and approach The Spatial Economic Analysis Tool – South West Using the tool The future Questions and discussion
  • 2 min Content of the tool – data layers Data layers can be brought together in a single map – known as projects Display and overlay layers Turn layers on and off Zoom and move about the map Link to underlying data Export or print the map Functionality of the tool Data collected at Lower Super Output Area (LSOA) level where possible, or higher level where not possible Accessing the tool
  • 2 min Purpose and objectives Background and approach The Spatial Economic Analysis Tool – South West Using the tool The future Questions and discussion
  • 4 min What is MVA A starting point looking at all datasets to understand the relationships between them and to provide a first picture of the region A single map of the region – very data driven, does not involve analysis. Provides a single dimension, Provides a starting point to investigate further
  • 2 min Show map Pick out key patterns Zoom in to local areas to show how the tool can be used to zoom Inner city, mixed neighbourhoods, poor housing Deprived, poor neighbourhoods Low skill, working neighbourhoods Diverse, young neighbourhoods Resorts and retirement Rural Commuter belts
  • 3 min intro 3 x 5 min = 15 Informing the LEA – investigating the LEA themes Building up layers Which datasets have been chosen and why What does this tell us ECONOMIC LINKAGES Analysis undertaken by SQW – looks at the 10 themes – with several projects under each theme – all of which are available on the DVD Structure of the economy Enterprise and innovation Demography and geography Labour markets Skills Economic inclusion Natural environment Transport infrastructure Housing Place (???) Pick out three regional examples Ability to zoom in to local level Local examples – using Devon Throughout – what can the user do with it?
  • Single layer One of several layers showing employment by Broad Industry Group Proportion of employees in public administration, education and health by workplace SSCTs – to show urban areas Amended the symbology to bring out areas where the proportion of the workforce is higher Light blue = 25-50% Dark blue &gt; 50% Identifies areas where employment in this Broad Industry Group is important to the local economy
  • Ability to zoom in to the local level to investigate this further Zoom in to Dorset using the parallel projector with QGIS What does this tell us? Significant levels in and around Poole Significant levels in and around Dorchester Several corridors – following roads Turn of SSCTs if required to make the picture clearer
  • Layers used Knowledge economy HEIs Low levels of deprivation – as one possible indicator of high quality of life
  • Zoom to local
  • Combination of two layers Looking at where deprivation and benefit claimants are co-located Turned background mapping off to make the picture clearer IMD Scores Green&lt;10 Blue 10-20 Red &gt;20 Benefit claimants – as proportion of working population Pink = 0.20-0.03 Brown &gt; 0.03
  • Zoom in to local level to take a closer look
  • Looking at another data layer Could overlay it, but haven’t over-laid it – to allow for greater visual clarity But shows similar patterns, so helps to reinforce our picture of economic exclusion
  • 2 min Purpose and objectives Background and approach The Spatial Economic Analysis Tool – South West Using the tool The future Questions and discussion
  • 3 min How we expect this to be used To inform LEAs To inform policy making at the local level To inform and aid discussions about working across administrative boundaries To enhance the sub-national evidence base Potential for regular update with updated data and additional data Part of the sub-national evidence base What could be added Economic linkages – supply chain mapping – needs primary data collection, but would be very useful
  • 2 min Purpose and objectives Background and approach The Spatial Economic Analysis Tool – South West Using the tool The future Questions and discussion
  • Functional Economic Market Areas in the South West - Gareth Jones

    1. 1. Functional Economic Market Areas in the South West Gareth Jones 18 June 2010
    2. 2. Agenda 1. Purpose and objectives 2. Background and approach 3. The Spatial Economic Analysis Tool – South West 5. The future 6. Questions and discussion 4. Using the tool
    3. 3. Agenda 1. Purpose and objectives 2. Background and approach 3. The Spatial Economic Analysis Tool – South West 5. The future 6. Questions and discussion 4. Using the tool
    4. 4. Purpose and objectives <ul><li>Local economic assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Functional economic market areas </li></ul><ul><li>A tool for assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Usable at a variety of spatial levels </li></ul>
    5. 5. Purpose and objectives
    6. 6. Agenda 1. Purpose and objectives 2. Background and approach 3. The Spatial Economic Analysis Tool – South West 5. The future 6. Questions and discussion 4. Using the tool
    7. 7. Background and approach Phase 1: Background & Preparation Phase 2: Understanding Stakeholders’ Requirements Phase 3: Delivering a System I: Induction Meeting VII: Reporting & Delivery VI: Modelling & Analysis V: Data Collection IV: Defining the System III: Understanding Local/ Regional Requirements II: Literature & Data Review
    8. 8. Background and approach <ul><li>Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Shared evidence base </li></ul><ul><li>Robust evidence base </li></ul><ul><li>Inform joint working </li></ul><ul><li>Explore LEA issues </li></ul><ul><li>Inform other policy making </li></ul><ul><li>Range of issues </li></ul>
    9. 9. Agenda 1. Purpose and objectives 2. Background and approach 3. The Spatial Economic Analysis Tool – South West 5. The future 6. Questions and discussion 4. Using the tool
    10. 10. The Spatial Economic Analysis Tool – South West <ul><li>Functionality </li></ul><ul><li>100 layers </li></ul><ul><li>LSOA level data where possible </li></ul><ul><li>Combined into projects </li></ul>
    11. 11. Spatial Economic Analysis Tool Layers <ul><li>Access to services </li></ul><ul><li>Distance to food store </li></ul><ul><li>Distance to GP premises </li></ul><ul><li>Distance to Post Office </li></ul><ul><li>Distance to primary school </li></ul><ul><li>Further Education Colleges </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Education Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Demography </li></ul><ul><li>Pensionable age </li></ul><ul><li>Population change 2001-08 </li></ul><ul><li>Population forecasts </li></ul><ul><li>Working age population </li></ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>2009 affordability ratio </li></ul><ul><li>2009 median house price </li></ul><ul><li>Natural environment </li></ul><ul><li>Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty </li></ul><ul><li>National parks </li></ul><ul><li>Retail </li></ul><ul><li>Retail catchments 1-2 </li></ul><ul><li>Retail catchments 1-3 </li></ul>
    12. 12. Spatial Economic Analysis Tool Layers <ul><li>Economy </li></ul><ul><li>Average distance to work </li></ul><ul><li>Business units </li></ul><ul><li>Claimants </li></ul><ul><li>Commuting self cont </li></ul><ul><li>Economic inactivity </li></ul><ul><li>Employment by occupational group </li></ul><ul><li>Forecasts </li></ul><ul><li>FTE workers </li></ul><ul><li>GVA change </li></ul><ul><li>GVA total </li></ul><ul><li>IDBR age bands </li></ul><ul><li>IDBR local units </li></ul><ul><li>IDBR local units size </li></ul><ul><li>Job density </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge economy </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge economy locational quotient </li></ul><ul><li>Sectoral employment by Broad Industrial Group </li></ul><ul><li>Self employment 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>Sole traders and partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>TTWAS 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>TTWAS 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Value tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Weekly income </li></ul><ul><li>Work from home </li></ul><ul><li>Workplace earnings </li></ul>
    13. 13. Spatial Economic Analysis Tool Layers <ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><li>IMD score </li></ul><ul><li>Claimant count </li></ul><ul><li>Claimants LSOA </li></ul><ul><li>Out of work benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Qualifications </li></ul><ul><li>GCSE score </li></ul><ul><li>Skills no-qualification </li></ul><ul><li>Skills NVQ3+ </li></ul><ul><li>Skills NVQ4+ </li></ul><ul><li>Places </li></ul><ul><li>Association of Market Towns classification </li></ul><ul><li>Brownfield </li></ul><ul><li>Growth points </li></ul><ul><li>Local Delivery Vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Rateable value </li></ul><ul><li>Strategically significant cities and towns </li></ul><ul><li>Previous FEMA </li></ul><ul><li>Housing markets </li></ul><ul><li>LGA zones </li></ul><ul><li>South West RDA character zones </li></ul><ul><li>South West RDA functional zones </li></ul>
    14. 14. Agenda 1. Purpose and objectives 2. Background and approach 3. The Spatial Economic Analysis Tool – South West 5. The future 6. Questions and discussion 4. Using the tool
    15. 15. Multi Variate Analysis <ul><li>What is MVA? </li></ul><ul><li>Single map of the region - summary </li></ul><ul><li>Data correlations to create clusters </li></ul><ul><li>Starting point for further analysis </li></ul>
    16. 16. Multi Variate Analysis
    17. 17. Multi Variate Analysis <ul><li>Seven clusters: </li></ul><ul><li>LIGHT BLUE: Poor housing, ethnic diversity, students, high population density </li></ul><ul><li>PINK: Low incomes, low skills, low educational attainment, high claimant rates </li></ul><ul><li>RED: Low skills, routine/semi-routine occupations, public sector housing, single parent housing </li></ul><ul><li>PURPLE: Ethnic minorities, young adults, single person households, high population density </li></ul><ul><li>YELLOW: Second homes, public sector employment, residents of retirement age </li></ul><ul><li>GREEN: Agriculture & fishing, poor access to services, small businesses, home working, high car ownership, longer distance commuting </li></ul><ul><li>BROWN: High car ownership, well qualified, middle aged residents </li></ul>
    18. 18. Local Economic Assessment Themes Competitiveness and productivity Economic competitiveness Housing Transport and other infrastructure Low carbon economy Environmental sustainability Sustainable economic growth Economic inclusion Skills Labour markets Demography and geography People and communities Business needs Enterprise and innovation Structure of the economy Business and enterprise
    19. 19. Structure of the economy Employment in public administration, education and health
    20. 20. Structure of the economy Employment in public administration, education and health
    21. 21. Enterprise and innovation Knowledge economy, HEIs and low levels of deprivation
    22. 22. Enterprise and innovation Knowledge economy, HEIs and low levels of deprivation
    23. 23. Economic inclusion Deprivation and benefit claimants
    24. 24. Economic inclusion Deprivation and benefit claimants
    25. 25. Economic inclusion Economic inactivity
    26. 26. Agenda 1. Purpose and objectives 2. Background and approach 3. The Spatial Economic Analysis Tool – South West 5. The future 6. Questions and discussion 4. Using the tool
    27. 27. The future <ul><li>Usage of the Spatial Economic Analysis Tool </li></ul><ul><li>Updateable </li></ul><ul><li>Potential to add to it </li></ul>
    28. 28. Agenda 1. Purpose and objectives 2. Background and approach 3. The Spatial Economic Analysis Tool – South West 5. The future 6. Questions and discussion 4. Using the tool
    29. 29. Contact Dr Gareth Jones Director SQW Consulting t. 07966 397922 e. gjones @sqw.co.uk w. www.sqw.co.uk
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