Adapted, Resilient, Biodiverse, and  Multi-functional Landscapes <ul><li>A realistic ambition? </li></ul>
Outline: <ul><li>What is landscape? </li></ul><ul><li>The challenge - the response </li></ul><ul><li>A goods and services ...
 
 
 
 
landscape is: <ul><li>‘ Landscapes are everywhere - They are the result of the interaction of natural (geology, landform, ...
the challenge: <ul><li>A lot of us living on a small island </li></ul><ul><li>Food and energy security/ globalisation </li...
the response: <ul><li>Understanding how landscapes and ecosystems support our everyday lives </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying...
a goods & services approach? <ul><li>Since the Millenium Ecological Assessment see a shift to conceptualising ecosystems a...
cultural services: <ul><li>Sense of History (or heritage) </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of Place (identity, home) </li></ul><ul>...
No charge?  Valuing the natural environment
no charge?  <ul><li>Sets out the contribution that nature makes to our economy to ensure that its value is recognised </li...
<ul><li>Exmoor Mire Restoration project being run by the National Park, see:  http://www.exmoor-nationalpark.gov.uk/mire <...
Protected Landscapes -National Parks and Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) Higher level scheme target areas
managing landscape change: <ul><li>Role of AONB/NP Management Plans to highlight the special qualities and the enduring si...
debate the choices for landscape management: <ul><li>Business as usual </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive agriculture </li></ul><...
business as usual: <ul><li>Drivers are short term, economic and regulatory </li></ul><ul><li>Tends toward large scale, int...
commitments: <ul><li>AONBs/NPs committed to ensuring landscape value integrated into decision making </li></ul><ul><li>Thr...
 
weblinks: <ul><li>SWPL commitments for a sustainable future see:  </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.southwestlandscapes.org.uk/...
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Adapted, resilient, biodiverse and multi-functional landscapes -

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Dave Dixon, Regional Programmes Manager, South West Protected Landscapes Forum, talks about biodiversity and landscapes in the South West.

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Adapted, resilient, biodiverse and multi-functional landscapes -

  1. 1. Adapted, Resilient, Biodiverse, and Multi-functional Landscapes <ul><li>A realistic ambition? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Outline: <ul><li>What is landscape? </li></ul><ul><li>The challenge - the response </li></ul><ul><li>A goods and services approach </li></ul><ul><li>Managing change </li></ul><ul><li>Commitments from Protected Landscapes </li></ul>
  3. 7. landscape is: <ul><li>‘ Landscapes are everywhere - They are the result of the interaction of natural (geology, landform, soils, climate and biodiversity) and cultural influences (historical and current land uses, settlement patterns and human interventions) and </li></ul><ul><li>the relationship between PEOPLE and PLACE </li></ul>
  4. 8. the challenge: <ul><li>A lot of us living on a small island </li></ul><ul><li>Food and energy security/ globalisation </li></ul><ul><li>Climate change adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>Maintaining distinctive & ‘functional’ landscapes </li></ul><ul><li>Recognising & valuing “cultural services” </li></ul>
  5. 9. the response: <ul><li>Understanding how landscapes and ecosystems support our everyday lives </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying future trends – both risks and opportunities and </li></ul><ul><li>Having a shared goal or vision for what we want to achieve pursuing programmes of integrated delivery </li></ul>
  6. 10. a goods & services approach? <ul><li>Since the Millenium Ecological Assessment see a shift to conceptualising ecosystems as providing goods and services that benefit people </li></ul><ul><li>4 key services: Provisioning, regulating, supporting and cultural services </li></ul>
  7. 11. cultural services: <ul><li>Sense of History (or heritage) </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of Place (identity, home) </li></ul><ul><li>Inspiration (stimulus) </li></ul><ul><li>Calm (relaxation, tranquillity) </li></ul><ul><li>Leisure and Activities (recreation) </li></ul><ul><li>Spiritual </li></ul><ul><li>Learning (education) </li></ul><ul><li>Escapism (getting away from it all, stress relief) </li></ul>
  8. 12. No charge? Valuing the natural environment
  9. 13. no charge? <ul><li>Sets out the contribution that nature makes to our economy to ensure that its value is recognised </li></ul><ul><li>An initial focus on Upland systems - exploring the multi-functional values of the uplands and setting our a future vision based on practical projects </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 70 per cent of UK water supply is sourced from upland rivers, lakes and reservoirs and they are the largest carbon store in England – holding nearly 300 million tonnes. But soil erosion means up to 4 million tonnes of CO2 are being emitted per year from English peatlands </li></ul>
  10. 14. <ul><li>Exmoor Mire Restoration project being run by the National Park, see: http://www.exmoor-nationalpark.gov.uk/mire </li></ul>
  11. 15. Protected Landscapes -National Parks and Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) Higher level scheme target areas
  12. 16. managing landscape change: <ul><li>Role of AONB/NP Management Plans to highlight the special qualities and the enduring significance of the Protected Landscapes and </li></ul><ul><li>Present an integrated sustainable vision for the future of the Protected Landscapes as a whole in the light of national, regional and local priorities </li></ul>
  13. 17. debate the choices for landscape management: <ul><li>Business as usual </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Dichotomous countryside </li></ul><ul><li>Balancing agriculture with other ecosystem services </li></ul>
  14. 18. business as usual: <ul><li>Drivers are short term, economic and regulatory </li></ul><ul><li>Tends toward large scale, intensification and monocultures </li></ul><ul><li>Decline in species diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Little value and therefore little investment in natural capital </li></ul>
  15. 19. commitments: <ul><li>AONBs/NPs committed to ensuring landscape value integrated into decision making </li></ul><ul><li>Through Management Plans seeking to maintain and repair distinctive, biodiverse and multi-functional landscapes </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation & resilience key to future landscapes </li></ul>
  16. 21. weblinks: <ul><li>SWPL commitments for a sustainable future see: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.southwestlandscapes.org.uk/CommissionedWorks.asp </li></ul><ul><li>AONB/NP Management Plan database see: http://www.southwestlandscapes.org.uk/ManagementPlan09.asp </li></ul>

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