Mapping the journey barcelona pp
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Mapping the journey barcelona pp



Development toward engaging online pedagogies

Development toward engaging online pedagogies



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  • I would argue that there is a history here of how we are trying to come to terms with this changing and chaotic worldThere is also a movement in values‘Digital pedagogies’ is the first phrase in my view to suggest that there is a learning and teaching issue hereAnecdote: McGraw Hill sales pitch – most discussions about
  • Came to this theory a little later
  • Lamaster et al (2004) refer to action research as 'a methodological process involving problem identification, action planning, implementation, evaluation and reflection' (389). We are at the beginning of the first cycle of this process. Another reason for creating an action research project from the development was that we wanted to share our work internally so the development could inform and guide other online developments. But we also wanted to share externally too, particularly
  • We soon began to use these kinds of words
  • ...and though we did develop the module in this way......
  • Dialogue toward the content of the LEs led to clear changes in colleagues’ thinking

Mapping the journey barcelona pp Mapping the journey barcelona pp Presentation Transcript

  • Mapping a Journey
    Narrating the Transformation of a ‘Research Methods’ Module at Masters Level
    Dr Andy Cramp
  • Terminology is value laden...
    Distance learning
    Learning technologies
    Online learning
    Blended learning
    Blended e-learning
    Open learning
    Digital pedagogies
  • Background to our case study
    University directive - revalidation of all Level 7 (M Level) modules
    Opportunity to rethink our approach to our Masters Education programme
    Challenge historical delivery methods, rethink ways of working with our students part time working teachers
    Work with participants completely online for a least one module of the programme
  • The ideology of ‘co-construction’ (1)
    The quality and development of higher order thinking is prepared by the co-constructive patterns and distinctive properties of social interaction (Reusser, 2001)
    Mutual understandings
    Peer co-operative dialogue
    Designing effective collaborative learning environments
  • The ideology of ‘co-construction’ (2)
    Askew and Lodge (2000) - the co-constructivist approach as an opportunity for learners and teachers to share expertise and experiences within a context of mutual respect.
    One of the key aspects of co-construction is the development of effective collaborative learning environments.
  • Connectivism (Siemens, 2004)
  • Why start with Research Methods? (1)
  • Why start with Research Methods? (2)
    Wagner et al (2011): ‘As yet limited attention has been given to developing the sort of ‘pedagogical culture’ in research methods that is well established in a number of other disciplines (Coombs and Rybacki 1999; Newstead 2009). By pedagogical culture we refer to the exchange of ideas within a climate of systematic debate, investigation and evaluation surrounding all aspects of teaching and learning in the subject.’ (p75)
  • Virtual methods of education present major challenges...
  • Challenges
    Laurillard(2002) comments universities capable of adapting to changing environments will understand the importance of 'an internal learning conversation that allows it to learn from experience, and adapt to its environment' (p215).
  • We tried to create an influential internal learning conversation by involving in the design of the module:
    the Dean the of the School of Education (SED)
    The Associate Dean for teaching and Learning (SED)
    The Associate Dean for Blended Learning in the
    Two research active ‘champions’ in the field of digital literacies: eportfolio and Gaming
    A Professor of Education who leads the Education research centre
    library staff
  • Paulo Friere and Donald Schon use the notion of generative words/themes - emotive words that resonate and provide a focus for change:
  • Learning conversation outcomes
    Use University VLE
    Use the approach of 9 Learning Episodes (LEs)
    Senior colleagues to develop LEs to extend their understanding
    Same template for each LE –video introduction/activity/annotated reading/links to assessment
  • We soon realised we were talking about our own development more than we were the development of the module
  • Transformations
    Double-loop learning occurs when error is detected and corrected in ways that involve the modification of an organization’s underlying norms, policies and objectives (Argyris and Schön 1978)
  • Transformations
    ‘we can digitise materials’
    ‘we need to challenge and engage learners online’
  • Transformations
    ‘Distance Learning is cheaper’
    ‘Open Learning widens participation’
  • Transformations
    ‘There are some really easy-to-mark online tests we can use’
    ‘Formative assessment can be shared online in participant clusters‘
  • Transformations
    ‘Easy for tutors to mark formative tasks’
    ‘Participants can collaborate together on formative tasks and feedback to each other’
  • Transformations
    ‘Once participants start talking to one another the tutor won’t need to do much’
    ‘The tutor will need development and training to learn how to develop engaging communities online’
  • Transformations
    ‘Tutors can use the VLE to monitor who takes part in clustered activities’
    ‘Tutors accept that many behaviours exist online and ‘lurking’ is a natural part of learning online’
  • References (1)
    Argyris, C., & Schön, D. (1978) Organizational learning: A theory of action perspective, Reading, Mass: Addison Wesley.
    Askew, S. and Lodge, C. (2000) 'Gifts, ping-pong and loops – linking feedback and learning' In S. Askew (ed.), Feedback for Learning. London: RoutledgeFalmer
    Laurillard, D. (2002) Rethinking University Teaching. A conversational framework for the effective use of learning technologies. London: RoutledgeFalmer.
  • References (2)
    Reusser, K. (2001) ‘Co-constructivism in Educational Theory
    and Practice’. In N. J. Smelser (Ed), P. B. Baltes (Ed) International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioural Sciences. London: Pergamon
    Siemens, G (2004) Connectivism: A Learning Theory for the Digital Age.
    Wagner, Claire ; Garner, Mark; Kawulich, Barbara (2011) 'The state of the art of teaching research methods in the social sciences: towards a pedagogical culture', Studies in Higher Education, 36: 1, 75-88